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alaya [2018/02/26 18:10] (current)
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 +======= Alaya - ālaya - ālayavijñāna - ཀུན་གཞི་ - kun shyi - kun gzhi - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì =======
 +
 +see [[ālayavijñāna]]
 +
 +**[[Alaya]]** (Skt. //ālaya//; Tib. [[ཀུན་གཞི་]],​ //kun shyi//; [[Wyl.]] //kun gzhi//) — the universal ground or basis. [[Longchenpa]] describes alaya in this way: 
 +“It is unenlightenment and a neutral state, which belongs to the category of mind and mental events, and it has become the foundation of all [[karma]]s and ‘[[Habitual tendencies|traces]]’ of [[samsara]] and [[nirvana]].”<​ref>​From the //​[[Treasury of Word and Meaning]]//;​ translation from [[Tulku Thondup]] in //The Practice of Dzogchen// (Ithaca: [[Snow Lion]], 1996 & 2002), page 211.</​ref> ​
 +|
 +<​big>​༈ ངོ་བོ་ནི་སེམས་སེམས་བྱུང་གིས་ཉེ་བར་བསྡུས་པས་འཁོར་འདས་ཀྱི་ལས་དང་བག་ཆགས་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་རྟེན་དུ་གྱུར་པ་སྟེ། མ་རིག་པའི་ལུང་མ་བསྟན་ཏེ།</​big>​
 +
 +In the [[Lamdré]] teachings however, it refers to the [[indivisible]] union of [[awareness]] and [[emptiness]]. This is also how the term is used when it appears in the [[Seven Points of Mind Training]].
 +
 +===== Internal Links =====
 +  * [[All-ground consciousness]]
 +
 +===== Notes =====
 +
 +===== Further Reading =====
 +  * [[Tulku Thondup]], //The Practice of Dzogchen// (Ithaca: [[Snow Lion]], 1996), pages 210-212.
 +
 +===== Categories =====
 +[[Category:​Key Buddhist Terms]]
 +
 +[[Fair|Use]] http://​www.rigpawiki.org/​index.php?​title=Alaya
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Chinese Hanzi Characters ===== 
 +
 +ālaya 住, 依, 執藏, 宮, 所著, 梨耶
 +
 +alaya 無没
 +
 +ālaya 眞如, 著, 藏, 處, 處所, 賴耶, 阿利耶, 阿梨耶, 阿賴耶, 黎耶
 +
 +ālayavijñāna 宅, 所知依, 根本識, 無没識, 眞識
 +
 +ālaya-vijñāna 藏識, 賴耶識, 阿梨耶本識,​ 阿梨耶識
 +
 +ālayavijñāna 阿賴耶識
 +
 +ālaya-vijñāna 阿黎耶識
 +
 +[[Fair Use]] Source: http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​ddb/​indexes/​term-sa.html
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== ālayavijñāna - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì - ===== 
 +
 +===== Pronunciations of ālayavijñāna - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì ===== 
 +
 +[[py]] [[ālàiyé shì]]
 +
 +[[wg]] [[alai-yeh shih]]
 +
 +[hg] 아뢰야식
 +
 +[mc] aroeya sik
 +
 +[mr] araya sik
 +
 +[kk] アラヤシキ
 +
 +[hb] araya shiki
 +
 +[qn] a lại da thức
 +
 +
 +===== Basic Meaning of 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì===== ​
 +
 +ālayavijñāna
 +
 +===== Senses of ālayavijñāna - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì ===== 
 +
 +[[Transliteration]] of the [[Sanskrit]],​ meaning [[store consciousness]]. ([[Tib.]] [[kun gzhi rnam shes pa]]). The [[store-house consciousness]],​ a distinctive concept of the [[Yogâcāra school]] [[瑜伽行派]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​74.xml+id('​b745c-4f3d-884c-6d3e'​)) of [[Buddhism]],​ originated in 3-5th century CE [[wp>​India]] and closely associated with the [[treatise]]s of the [[ācārya]]s [[Asaṅga]] [[無著]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​71.xml+id('​b7121-8457'​)) and [[Vasubandhu]] [[世親]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​4e.xml+id('​b4e16-89aa'​)). See Footnote 1
 +
 +The notion of the [[store consciousness]] arose out of early problems surrounding the continuity of both karmic potential and the [[affliction]]s ([[kleśa]];​ [[nyon mongs]]; [[煩惱]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​71.xml+id('​b7169-60f1'​)) in a latent state ([[anuśaya]];​ [[bag la nyal ba]]; [[隨眠]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b96a8-7720'​)) that had been generated by the [[Abhidharma]] emphasis upon momentary processes of [[mind]]. How, after all, could these two essential components of [[saṃsāric existence]],​ which are eliminated only toward the end of the path, continuously persist if one's [[mental stream]] ([[saṃtāna]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​76.xml+id('​b76f8-7e8c'​);​ [[rgyud]]; [[相續]]) were comprised solely of whatever [[dharmas]] ([[chos]]; [[法]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​6c.xml+id('​b6cd5'​)) were momentarily present and manifest in mind? See Footnote 2 
 +
 +The [[ālayavijñāna]] thus came to denote the mental processes that underlie each and every moment of the traditional [[six forms of manifest cognitive awareness]] ([[pravṛtti-vijñāna]];​ [['jug pa'i rnam par shes pa]]; [[轉識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​8f.xml+id('​b8f49-8b58'​),​ [[六識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​51.xml+id('​b516d-8b58'​)) — a term coined to distinguish it from the continuous yet subliminal '​[[ālaya]]'​ ([[阿賴耶]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b963f-8cf4-8036'​)) or '​home'​ awareness. Consonant with traditional definitions of [[cognitive awareness]] ([[vijñāna]];​ [[rnam par shes pa]]; [[轉識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​8f.xml+id('​b8f49-8b58'​)),​ the ālaya awareness is said to [[dependently arise]] based, on the one hand, on both the material [[sense faculties]] and the cognitive and affective formations ([[saṃskāra]];​ [['du byed]]; [[行]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​88.xml+id('​b884c'​)) which comprise one's [[sentient existence]],​ as well as, on the other hand, its own specific object, an indistinct ([[asaṃdvidita]];​ [[aparicchinna]]) apprehension of an external world ([[bhājana-loka]];​ [[snod kyi 'jig rten]]; [[器世間]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​56.xml+id('​b5668-4e16-9593'​)). Moreover, the ālaya awareness is said to 'grow, develop and increase' ​ — also like traditional forms of [[vijñāna]] (S II 65, 67, 101; III 54) — by the seeds of [[karma]] ([[bīja]]; [[sa bon]]; [[種子]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​7a.xml+id('​b7a2e-5b50'​)) and the impressions ([[vāsanā]];​ [[bag chags]]; [[熏習]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​71.xml+id('​b718f-7fd2'​)) of the [[affliction]]s which have accumulated 'since [[beginningless time]]'​ through the various experiences of [[conscious awareness]] ([[pravṛtti-vijñāna]]).
 +
 +Although this subliminal ālaya awareness thus enjoys a continuously evolving and reciprocal relationship with active aspects of consciousness,​ it still reflects—in [[Indian Buddhist scholasticism]] at least — its original function as the central locus of accumulated karmic potential and latent afflictions,​ effectively constituting one's [[saṃsāric existence]] and serving as the virtual '​subject'​ of [[saṃsāra]] (also not unlike earlier notions of [[vijñāna]]). It is for this reason that [[ignorant beings]] typically mistake the [[ālaya awareness]] as their [[self]] ([[ātman]];​ [[bdag]]; [[我]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​62.xml+id('​b6211'​)),​ a form of [[ignorance]] and [[self-grasping]] that was thought to so continuously and subliminally arise that it too came to be considered a distinctive mental process, called '​[[afflictive mentation]]'​ ([[kliṣṭa-manas]];​ [[nyon mongs pa can gyi yid]]; [[染汚意]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​67.xml+id('​b67d3-6c5a-610f'​)) and considered in the [[Chinese Buddhist]] tradition as the [[seventh consciousness]],​ with the [[ālayavijñāna]] as the [[eighth consciousness]] or [[第八識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​7b.xml+id('​b7b2c-516b-8b58'​).
 +
 +Commensurate with these multiple functions, the ālayavijñāna is denoted by a variety of synonyms, most importantly:​ the [[root consciousness]] ([[mūla-vijñāna]];​ [[rtsa ba'i rnam par shes pa]]) [[本識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​67.xml+id('​b672c-8b58'​)),​ the '​[[mind with all the seeds]]'​ ([[sarvabījaka-citta]];​ [[sa bon thams cad pa'i sems]]; [一切種子識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​4e.xml+id('​b4e00-5207-7a2e-5b50-8b58'​)),​ and the [[appropriating consciousness]] ([[ādāna-vijñāna]];​ [[len pa'i rnam par shes pa]]; [[阿陀那識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b963f-9640-90a3-8b58'​)).
 +
 +Although in its systematic descriptions in early [[Yogâcāra treatises]] such as the [[Yogâcārabhūmi]] [[瑜伽論]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​74.xml+id('​b745c-4f3d-8ad6'​)) and the [[Mahāyāna-saṃgraha]] [[攝大乘論]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​65.xml+id('​b651d-5927-4e58-8ad6'​)),​ the ālaya-vijñāna is largely commensurate with other Indian Buddhist notions of [[consciousness]] ([[vijñāna]]) (indeed it was specifically couched in [[Abhidharmic]] terms), the very metaphors used to describe it — as a [[repository consciousness]] that receives and stores the [[karmic seeds]] which thereafter serve as the [[cause]] ([[hetu]]; [[rgyu]]; [[因緣]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​56.xml+id('​b56e0-7de3'​)) of conscious experience — seem to have invited its interpretation as a [[wp>​reified]] entity, as an [[unchanging mind]] which serves as the sole basis, the [[wp>​primordial]] ground, from which the entire phenomenal world arises. And this in spite of the fact that Indian Yogâcāra doctrine itself explicitly and repeatedly states that taking the ālayavijñāna as a [[self]] ([[ātmadṛṣṭi]];​ [[bdag tu lta ba]]; [[我見]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​62.xml+id('​b6211-898b'​)) is one of the main causes of accumulating [[karma]] and perpetuating saṃsāric existence!
 +
 +This tendency seems to be particularly pronounced in certain later Chinese and [[Tibetan Buddhist]] traditions, but was no doubt exacerbated by the identification — in a different set of texts such as the [[Laṅkâvatāra Sūtra]] [[楞伽經]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​69.xml+id('​b695e-4f3d-7d93'​)) and, later and more importantly,​ the [[Awakening of Mahāyāna Faith]] ([[Awakening of Faith in the Mahayana]] — of the ālayavijñāna with the [[tathāgata-garbha]] ([[de bzhin gshegs pa'i snying po]] [[如來藏]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​59.xml+id('​b5982-4f86-85cf'​)),​ the womb or [[matrix of the Tathāgata]] ([[Fundamental Treasury of the Thus Come One]] or [[Buddha Matrix]] or [[Tathagata Garbha]]). Although this identification was unquestioned in most later forms of [[Chinese Buddhism]] (aided, no doubt, by an early translation of the ālayavijñāna as the '​store'​ consciousness [[藏識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​85.xml+id('​b85cf-8b58'​)),​ the first character of which, [[藏]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​85.xml+id('​b85cf'​)),​ was also the standard translation of [[garbha]]),​ it is not found in the standard treatises of Indian Yogâcāra Buddhism. The sixth-century Indian translator [[Paramârtha]]'​s response to this discrepancy was to preserve the ālayavijñāna as a defiled, [[eighth consciousness]],​ which must be eliminated upon [[awakening]],​ while interpolating into his texts an additional, undefiled, [[ninth consciousness]],​ an [[amala-vijñāna]] ([[阿摩羅識]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b963f-6469-7f85-8b58'​)),​ which persists after the ālayavijñāna is eliminated. One of [[Xuanzang]]'​s [[玄奘]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​73.xml+id('​b7384-5958'​)) aims in retranslating such [[Yogâcāra texts]] as the [[Yogâcārabhūmi]] and the [[Mahāyāna-saṃgraha]] was to recover the earlier, and to his mind more orthodox, sense of the ālayavijñāna as the locus of defiled existence unrelated to the notion of the [[tathāgata-garbha]]. Similar developments occurred in [[Tibetan schools]] associated with the doctrine of '​[[extrinsic emptiness]]'​ ([[gzhan stong]]), who self-consciously departed from Indian Yogâcāra models and posited a [[primordial ālaya wisdom]] ([[kun gzhi ye shes]]) apart from defiled and discursive forms of [[vijñāna]] ([[rnam shes]]).
 +
 +These varying notions of post-[[nirvanic]] forms of [[consciousness]],​ typically expressed in [[Mahāyāna]] traditions as a transformation from [[vijñāna]] into [[jñāna]],​ reflect similar ambiguities found in the earliest collections of [[Buddhist teachings]],​ in which the [[consciousness]] of a [[Buddha]] or [[Arhat]], for example, is no longer bound by [[grasping]] or [[wp>​appropriation]] ([[anupādāna),​ but is said to be '​[[nonabiding]]'​ or '​unsupported'​ ([[appatiṭṭhita-viññāṇa]];​ D III 105; S I 122; S II 66, 103; S III 54; [[無住]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​71.xml+id('​b7121-4f4f'​),​ [[無依]] - http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​71.xml+id('​b7121-4f9d'​)).
 +
 +In sum, this core Yogâcāra concept touches upon some of central-most concerns of Buddhist [[wp>​soteriology]] and analysis of mind, but its interpretations vary radically depending upon which school, which text, and which time period one is investigating.
 +[W. Waldron]
 +
 +The ālayavijñāna has a variety of connotative synonyms that describe its various aspects, including: [[有情根本之心識]] the fundamental mind-consciousness of [[sentient being]]s; [[無沒識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​71.xml+id('​b7121-6c92-8b58'​)) [[inexhaustible mind]], because none of its seeds are lost; [[現識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​73.xml+id('​b73fe-8b58'​)) manifesting mind, because all things are revealed in or by it; [[種子識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​7a.xml+id('​b7a2e-5b50-8b58'​)) seeds mind, as it is made up of nothing but [[karmic seed]]s; [[所知依識]] the basis of all knowledge; [[異熟識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​75.xml+id('​b7570-719f-8b58'​)) differential maturing consciousness,​ because it is the locus for the differentiated [[maturation of karma]]; [[執持識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​57.xml+id('​b57f7-6301-8b58'​)) or [[阿陀那]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b963f-9640-90a3'​)) appropriating consciousness,​ as that which holds together, or is the reification for another [[rebirth]];​ [[第一識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​authorities?​q=%E7%AC%AC%E4%B8%80%E8%AD%98) the prime or [[supreme mind]] or consciousness;​ [[宅識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​5b.xml+id('​b5b85-8b58'​)) abode (of) consciousness. In the interpretations derived from the [[Awakening of Mahāyāna Faith]] and so forth, it is known as the [[無垢識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​71.xml+id('​b7121-57a2-8b58'​)) [[unsullied consciousness]],​ i.e. the Tathāgata. 〔[[成唯識論]] [[T 1585]].31.7c15 - http://​21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/​SAT/​T1585_,​31,​0007c13:​1585_,​31,​0008a13.html〕 ​
 +
 +[[cmuller]]
 +
 +The [[Cheng weishi lun]] also describes the ālayavijñāna as '​store'​ as having three connotations '​storer,' ​  '​that which is stored,'​ and 'that which is appropriated.' ​
 +
 +See [[藏三義]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​85.xml+id('​b85cf-4e09-7fa9'​)). [cmuller]
 +
 +===== References of ālayavijñāna - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì =====
 +
 +Brown, Brian Edward. ​ The Buddha Nature: A Study of Tathāgatagarbha and ālayavijñāna . Delhi: ​ 1991, 1994.
 +
 +Frauwallner,​ Erich. ​ " Amalavijñānam und ālayavijñānam ." Festschrift Walther Schübring: Beiträge zur indischen. Philologie und Alterkumskunde. Hamburg: ​ 1951.
 +
 +Osaki, Akiko. ​ "​Jung'​s collective unconsciousness and the ālayavijñāna ." Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies . Tokyo: ​ vol. 35.1, 1986.
 +
 +[[Rahula, Walpola]]. ​ " ālayavijñāna ." Mahābodhi. Colombo: ​ vol. 72, 1964.
 +
 +Sastri, N. Aiyaswami. ​ "Store consciousness (ālayavijñāna)—a ground concept of the Yogâcāra Buddhism."​ Bulletin of Tibetology. vol. 9.1, 1972.
 +
 +Schmithausen,​ Lambert. ​ Ālayavijñāna:​ On the Origin and the Early Development of a Central Concept of Yogâcāra. Philosophy. Tokyo: ​ International Institute for Buddhist Studies, ​ 1977. Studia Philologica Buddhica Monograph Series.
 +
 +Tokiwa, Gishin. ​ "The ālayavijñāna of the śraddhôtpāda."​ Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies. Tokyo: ​ vol. 23.1, 1974.
 +
 +Waldron, William S.  "How Innovative is the Ālayavijñāna?​ The Ālayavijñāna in the Context of Canonical and Abhidharma Vijñāna Theory, Part I." Journal of Indian Philosophy. vol. 22, 1994.
 +
 +The Buddhist Unconscious:​ The ālaya-vijñāna in the Context of Indian Buddhist Thought. London: ​ RoutledgeCurzon, ​ 2003.
 +
 +Weinstein, Stanley. ​ "The Ālaya-vijñāna in Early Yogâcāra Buddhism—a Comparison of the Meaning in the [[Saṃdhinirmocana-sūtra]]. and Vijñapti-mātratā-siddhi. of Dharmapāla."​ Transactions of the International Conference of Orientalists in Japan. Tokyo: ​ Toho Gakkai, ​ 1958.
 +
 +[cmuller]
 +
 +Search SAT for ālayavijñāna - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì - http://​21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/​SAT/​key:​%E9%98%BF%E8%B3%B4%E8%80%B6%E8%AD%98
 +
 +===== Notes on ālayavijñāna - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì  =====
 +
 +1. The apparent synonym [[阿梨耶識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b963f-68a8-8036-8b58'​)) usually has special connotations,​ so that entry needs to be consulted when that form of Chinese is used.
 +
 +2. See the entry [[間斷]] http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​95.xml+id('​b9593-65b7'​)
 +
 +===== Dictionary References on ālayavijñāna - 阿賴耶識 - ālàiyé shì  =====
 +
 +Bukkyō jiten (Ui) 14
 +
 +Bulgyo sajeon 549a
 +
 +Zengaku daijiten (Komazawa U.) 11a
 +
 +Iwanami bukkyō jiten 16
 +
 +Japanese-English Buddhist Dictionary (Daitō shuppansha) 10b/11
 +
 +Japanese-English Zen Buddhist Dictionary (Yokoi) 13
 +
 +Zen Dust (Sasaki) 312
 +
 +Bukkyōgo daijiten (Nakamura) 10d
 +
 +Bukkyō daijiten (Mochizuki) (v.1-6)100b,​38a,​119c,​142b,​4208c
 +
 +Bukkyō daijiten (Oda) 41-2*23-1-5*689-1-6
 +
 +Fo Guang Dictionary 3676
 +
 +[[Buddhist Chinese-Sanskrit Dictionary]] ([[Hirakawa]]) 1208
 +
 +Sanskrit-Tibetan Index for the [[Yogâcārabhūmi-śāstra]] (Yokoyama and Hirosawa)
 +
 +Copyright provisions
 +
 +The rights to textual segments (nodes) of the DDB are owned by the author indicated in the brackets next to each segment. For rights regarding the compilation as a whole, please contact Charles Muller. Please do not reproduce without permission. And please do not copy into Wikipedia without proper citation!
 +
 +Entry created: 1993-09-01
 +Updated: 2010-01-13
 +
 +[[Fair Use]] Source: http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b963f-8cf4-8036-8b58'​)
 +
 +----
 +
 +藏識 zàngshì
 +
 +===== Pronunciations of 藏識 zàngshì ===== 
 +[py] zàngshì
 +
 +[wg] tsang-shih
 +
 +[hg] 장식
 +
 +[mc] jangsik
 +
 +[mr] changsik
 +
 +[kk] ゾウシキ
 +
 +[hb] zōshiki
 +
 +[qn] tạng thức
 +
 +
 +
 +===== Basic Meaning ​ of 藏識 zàngshì ===== 
 +
 +to store consciousness
 +
 +===== Senses ​ of 藏識 zàngshì ===== 
 +
 +The [[container consciousness]];​ the [[eighth consciousness]],​ or [[ālaya-vijñāna]] as taught by the [[Yogâcāra]] or [[Consciousness-Only School]] or [[Mind-Only School]]. See [[阿賴耶識]] (http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​96.xml+id('​b963f-8cf4-8036-8b58'​))([[Skt.]] [[vijñānâlaya]]). 〔成唯識論 [[T 1585]].31.7c24 - http://​21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/​SAT/​T1585_,​31,​0007c22:​1585_,​31,​0008a22.html〕 ​
 +
 +[[cmuller]];​ source(s): [[Nakamura]],​ JEBD, Hirakawa]
 +
 +Search SAT - http://​21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/​SAT/​key:​%E8%97%8F%E8%AD%98
 +
 +
 +===== Dictionary References of 藏識 zàngshì =====
 +
 +Bukkyō jiten (Ui) 670
 +
 +Bulgyo sajeon 762a
 +
 +Iwanami bukkyō jiten 512
 +
 +A Glossary of Zen Terms (Inagaki) 72
 +
 +Japanese-English Buddhist Dictionary (Daitō shuppansha) 339b/376
 +
 +Bukkyōgo daijiten (Nakamura) 883d
 +
 +Ding Fubao Buddhist Chinese-Sanskrit Dictionary (Hirakawa) 1029
 +
 +Bukkyō daijiten (Mochizuki) (v.1-6)100c,​3025b
 +
 +Bukkyō daijiten (Oda) 676-1
 +
 +Copyright provisions
 +
 +The rights to textual segments (nodes) of the DDB are owned by the author indicated in the brackets next to each segment. For rights regarding the compilation as a whole, please contact Charles Muller. Please do not reproduce without permission. And please do not copy into Wikipedia without proper citation!
 +
 +Entry created: 1993-09-01
 +Updated: 2010-07-06
 +
 +[[Fair Use]] Source: http://​www.buddhism-dict.net/​cgi-bin/​xpr-ddb.pl?​q=%E8%97%8F%E8%AD%98
  
alaya.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:10 (external edit)