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Ananda

Ananda (Venerable)

One of the ten Great Disciples of the Buddha Shakyamuni.

Ananda was the Buddha's first cousin and his attendant. He also compiled and edited the Sutras. His name means rejoicing, because he was born on the day the Buddha realized Buddhahood. His father also rejoiced and gave him that name. The entire country celebrated the Buddha's Enlightenment on that day. With his flawless memory, Ananda was able to remember all the Sutras the Buddha spoke and was foremost among the Buddha's disciples in erudition.” (DFS II, p. 124)

“The Shurangama Sutra was spoken for Ananda's sake, precisely because he didn't have sufficient Samadhi-power. He had not done the work of meditation required to develop it. When others were sitting investigating Dhyana, Ananda would go read a book or write instead . . . . Put another way, Ananda hadn't cultivated Real Mark Prajna; he thought he could realize Buddhahood through literary Prajna alone. He thought that since he was the Buddha's cousin, the Buddha, who had realized Buddhahood, would certainly help him realize Buddhahood too, and so it didn't really matter whether he cultivated or not. He ended up wasting a lot of time.

“One day, as the Shurangama Sutra relates, Ananda went out begging for food by himself. He took his bowl and went from house to house, and while alone on the road he encountered Matangi's daughter (named Prakruti . . . . Ananda was particularly handsome, and when Matangi's daughter saw him she was immediately attracted to him. But she didn't know how to snare him. And so she went back and told her mother, 'You absolutely must get Ananda to marry me. If you don't, I'll die.'

“The mother, Matangi, belonged to the religion of the Kapilas, the 'tawny haired', and she cultivated that religion's mantras and Dharma-devices, which were extremely effective. Since Matangi truly loved her daughter, she used a mantra of her sect – it was a Mantra formerly of the Brahma Heaven – to confuse Ananda. Ananda didn't have any Samadhi-power, and so he couldn't control himself. He followed the mantra and went to Matangi's daughter's house, where he was on the verge of breaking the precepts.

“The Five Precepts prohibit killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, and the taking of intoxicants (alcohol, recreational drugs, cigarettes). Ananda was about to break the precept against sexual misconduct. The Buddha knew about it as it was happening. Realizing his cousin was in trouble, he quickly spoke the Shurangama Mantra (Shurangama Five Hearts Mantra) to break up the Mantra formerly of the Brahma Heaven of the Kapila religion. Ananda's confusion had made him as if drunk or as if he had taken drugs – he was totally oblivious to everything. But when the Buddha recited the Shurangama Mantra, its power woke Ananda up from his confusion, and there he was wondering how he had gotten himself into such a situation.

“He returned, knelt before the Buddha, and cried out in distress. 'I have relied exclusively on erudition and have not perfected any strength in the Way. I have no Samadhi-power. Please tell me how the Buddhas of the ten directions have cultivated so that they were able to obtain Samadhi-power.'

In reply the Buddha spoke the Shurangama Sutra.” (SS I, pp. 25-26)

The Dharma Flower Sutra (Lotus Sutra) records the Buddha bestowing the prediction of future Buddhahood upon Ananda:

At that time the Buddha told Ananda, 'You in a future age shall become a Buddha by the name of King of Self-Control and Penetrations with Wisdom like the Mountains and Seas Thus Come One. One Worthy of Offerings, One of Proper and Universal Knowledge, One Perfect in Clarity and Practice, Well-Gone One, Unsurpassed One Who Understands the World, Hero Who Subdues and Tames, Teacher of Gods and Humans, Buddha, World-Honored One. You shall make offerings to sixty-two million Buddhas, protecting and upholding their storehouses of Dharma. After that you shall obtain Anuttarasamyaksambodhi. You shall teach and transform twenty-thousand myriads of millions of Ganges' sands of Bodhisattvas, causing them to accomplish Anuttarasamyaksambodhi. Your country (Buddha Land) shall be called Banner of Victory Always Raised. That Land will be pure, with Lapis lazuli for soil. The kalpa shall be called All Pervasive Wonderful Sound. Your lifespan as a Buddha shall be countless thousands of myriads of millions of Asankhyeyas of eons. Were someone to attempt to reckon it through countless thousands of myriads of millions of Asankhyeyas of eons, they could not do so. The Proper Dharma shall dwell in that world for twice that length of time. The Dharma Image Age shall dwell twice the length of Proper Dharma.

'Ananda, the merit and virtue of the Buddha King of Self-Control and Penetrations with Wisdom like the Mountains and Seas Thus Come One shall be praised by all the Buddhas of the ten directions equal in number to the sands of countless thousands of myriads of millions of Ganges rivers.' (DFS VIII pp. 1500-1501)


1) Chinese: A nan ;

2) Sanskrit: Ananda;

3) Pali: Ananda

See Also: Arhat

BTTS References: FAS-PI]] (door 7); AS 91-92; SS I 24-26; DFS II 124; DFS VIII 1500-1510.


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Return to the Buddhist Ayurveda Encyclopedia and Glossary of Dharma and Ayurvedic Terms | Recent Changes

Fair Use: Vaidya Vasant Lad, Textbook of Ayurveda, Ayurvedic Press, 2002; Vasant Lad, BAMS, MAsc, Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes, Ayurvedic Institute, 1994-2006; and Ron Epstein, Buddhism A to Z, Burlingame, California, Buddhist Text Translation Society, 2003, p. and many other sources (see Bibliography). Adapted from Fair Use Source: Upasaka Ron Epstein, Buddhism A to Z, 1999: p. Primary Original Source: The Tripitaka of Sutra, Shastra and Vinaya Dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the Indian Sanskrit- Siddham, Chinese, Tibetan and Japanese traditions of the Nalanda Tradition of ancient Nalanda University) of Shakyamuni Buddha, and his Arya Sagely Bodhisattva Bhikshu Monk and Upasaka disciples.

These Good and Wise Advisors (Kaliyanamitra) Dharma Master teachers include Arya Venerables Om Tare Tuttare Ture Om Ah Hum and Namo to Jivaka, Charaka, Lao Zi - Mahakashapa, Ashwagosha, Shantideva - Hui Neng - Shen Kai Sheng Ren Shr, Bodhidharma, the 16 Nalanda Acharyas 1. Nagarjuna-Manjushri, 2. Arydeva, 3. Buddhapalita, 4. Bhavaviveka, 5. Chandrakirti and Chandragomin, 6. Shantideva, 7. Shantarakshita, 8. Kamalashila, 9. Asanga-Maitreya, 10. Vasubhandu, 11. Dignaga, 12. Dharmakirti, 13. Vimuktisena, 14. Haribhadra, 15. Gunaprabha, 16. Shakyaprabha; Dharmarakshita, Atisha, Tsong Khapa, Thogme Zangpo, Nyingma Padmasambhava, Yeshe Tsogyel, Machig Lapdron, Tilopa, Naropa, Milarepa, Sakya Pandita, Fazang, Yunmen, Nichiren, Honen, Shinran, Kukai, Dogen, Hakuin, Jamgon Kongtrul, Nyingma Penor Rinpoche, Bakula Rinpoche, Dagri Rinpoche, Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche, Geshe Lama Kongchog, Longchen Rapjampa - Gosok Rinpoche, Phabongkha Rinpoche, Patrul Rinpoche, Mingyur Rinpoche, Geshe Ngwang Dakpa, Geshe Sopa Rinpoche, Garchen Rinpoche, Karmapa, Sakya Trizin, Tenzin Gyatso the Dalai Lama, Hsu Yun, Hsuan Hua, Lama Zopa Rinpoche, Choden Rinpoche, Ajahn Chah, Seung Sahn, Thich Nhat Hanh, Ajahn Sumedho, S. N. Goenka Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha, bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two attainments of Maha Punya and Maha Prajna Paramita. And thanks to other modern day masters. We consider them to be in accord with Tripitaka Master Hsuan Hua’s ”Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers

Nalanda Online University's teachings are based especially on the Lam Rim, the Dharma Flower Lotus Sutra, the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Shurangama Sutra, the Ksitigarbha Sutra, the Bhaisajya Guru Sutra, the Dharani Sutra, the Vajra Sutra, the Prajna Paramita Hridayam Heart Sutra, and the Tantras and Mantras of the Vajrayana Guhyasamaja, the Kalachakra, the Vajrayogini, the Heruka, the Chakrasamvara, the Chod, the Hayagriva, the Hevajra, the Yamantaka, the Kalarupa, the Vajrapani, the Vajra Claws, the Mahakala, the Tara, the White Umbrella Goddess (She Dan Do Bo Da La and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya Tripitakacharya Dharma Masters.


NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under Shastra tradition and ”Fair Use” by an Anonymous Buddhist Monk Redactor (Compiler) of this Online Buddhist Encyclopedia Compilation)



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ananda.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:10 (external edit)