Ayurveda Dharma is distributed copyleft via this GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) and/or under Creative Commons License Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 United States: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/legalcode. Since words create our reality (see prajna), there are certain words to avoid: Please see also: Words to Avoid
Anxiety, Depression and Anger
Note: Anxiety and depression are often severe problems that require a qualified expert, such as a psychiatrist, to treat. Herbal medicines are not and cannot be substitutes for proper medical care. If you are under the care of a mental health professional, always check with them prior to using any natural medicines or herbs.
Love is our primary positive emotion, and anxiety, depression and anger are our primary negative emotions. To understand the distinction between them, it helps to recall the two branches of the autonomic nervous system. The sympathetic system is the fight-or-flight system, and it kicks in during emergency situations. Symptoms include rapid heartbeat or heart palpitations, muscle tension, constriction of the throat, cold hands, and rapid shifting of thoughts and emotions (Thomas, 1977). This nervous defense system correlates closely with either functional anger (fight) or fear (flight).
When these physical manifestations appear in response to real danger or a bona fide emergency, we classify them as the fight-or flight response, an intelligent short-term response. However, in cases of long-term anxiety, fear is excessive or amplified in relation to the actual situation. The anxiety response often results from fear of future events rather than the current reality. The same is true of prolonged or easily triggered anger. Anxiety is usually a Vata imbalance, and anger is a Pitta imbalance.
While useful in the short term, the following herbs are not substitutes for underlying causes of anxiety or anger, which can range from hypoglycemia to family problems and job dissatisfaction. Since both anger and anxiety stem from sympathetic nervous system activity, the same herbs can be used for both. However, in anxiety states, it is often necessary to add warming and nourishing herbs, and with anger states it is often helpful to add some cooling herbs.
• Calming nervine tonics such as milky oat seed tincture, ashwaghanda root, scullcap tincture, and valerian root can often (but not always) manage simple anxiety states.
• Kava root has proven useful for treating anxiety (Volz HP, Kieser M, 1997).
• Scute root and bupleurum root can be added to reduce internal heat and restriction (more for anger), and white atractylodes can be added to warm digestion and increase nourishment (more for the poor digestion associated with anxiety).
Good nutrition, exercise and study are all essential for relaxation. As a T’ai Qi teacher I know that learning to relax deeply takes some time and effort. Therefore I think of herbs as immediate and short-term solutions, while the lifestyle methods are essential for long-term solutions.
Note: Stimulating herbs like St. John’s wort and ginseng root should not be used for anxiety unless combined with calming herbs.
The symptoms of clinical depression include loss of interest in or pleasure from normal activities, a desire to sleep all the time, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, fatigue, and feelings of worthlessness and guilt. Depression is more Kaphaja (caused by Kapha) in nature. Before using herbs to treat depression, it is important to look at the whole physiology to rule out physical causes like hormone imbalances and dietary problems. Following are suggested herbal treatments for depression.
• St. John’s wort has been shown to inhibit the breakdown of several neurotransmitters including serotonin. This action makes it a useful treatment for depression (Suzuki 1984).
• Ginkgo leaf also acts on serotonin, and has been shown to relieve depression in the elderly (Haase J et al. 1996).
• Bacopa, gotu kola and white peony root can increase cognitive function.
• Siberian eleuthero root bark can improve mood and general physical energy.
• The combination of shilajatu and ashwaghanda root can be useful for depression (Schliebs 1997).
• I often find that depression relates to dampness and/or mucus accumulation. Look for a greasy coating on the tongue, and a slippery pulse. In these cases I use herbs such as pinellia tuber, acorus and tangerine peel. When there is added Qi deficiency, I add ginseng root.
• Muira puama or Eucommia bark can be particularly useful in cases where there is lack of interest in sex.
• Don’t forget the benefits of cocoa bean or chocolate as mild mood-altering herbs.
• Valerian and kava roots are sedating, and should not be used in depressive states unless combined with stimulating herbs.
Article originally appeared on Tillotson Institute of Natural Health (http://www.tillotsoninstitute.com/). See website for complete article licensing information.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) patients suffer from excessive, unrealistic worry that lasts through six months or more; the issues could be health, money, career problems, or just about anything. Its symptoms could include trembling, muscular aches, insomnia/sleep disorders, abdominal upsets, dizziness, irritability and poor concentration.
Besides excessive worry and allied physical symptoms, Anxiety Disorder also encompasses
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Panic Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Social Anxiety Disorder Other specific phobias e.g. acrophobia, arachnophobia etc.
The various biological, psychological, and social factors that may cause Anxiety Disorder include:
Heredity Brain chemistry Personality Life experiences
Anxiety Disorders cost the USA more than $42 billion a year, according to a recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry More than $22.84 billion is spent on the repeated use of healthcare services, as those with Anxiety Disorders suffer physical symptoms as well People with Anxiety Disorders are three to five times more likely to need treatment/ hospitalization for psychiatric disorders.
Anxiety Disorder: The Modern View
Anxiety Disorders are treated with psychosocial therapies (including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), exposure therapy, anxiety management and relaxation therapies and general psychotherapy). Medication includes selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepines, beta-blockers, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).
Ayurvedic treatment of Anxiety Disorder
Ayurveda, which takes a comprehensive view of an individual's physical, emotional and spiritual conditions, attributes anxiety disorder symptoms to aggravated prana vata, a subsidiary of vata dosha which is associated with worry, anxiety and depression. Prana vata weakens the nervous system and triggers mental imbalance. It also weakens the neuro-hormonal system and nerve impulses. Ayurvedic treatment of anxiety disorder would involve curbing aggravated prana vata and increasing sattva guna, which envisages a stable and peaceful mind through self-realization and self-control, and appropriate changes in diet and lifestyle.
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Modern medicine uses strong neuro-psychiatric drugs that alter the levels of chemicals in the brain, which often has far-reaching side-effects on general health. Ayurveda has been successful in calming the minds of patients using time-tested safe herbs, supplemented with corrective diet-lifestyle plans. To know more about the disease and treatment, consult our online doctor at Ayunique.
Seminar on Sunday, January 25, 2009 at Medicine Buddha Healing Center
http://www.Ayurveda-America.com http://CorrespondenceCourse.Ayurveda-DistanceLearning.com http://www.Ayurveda-School.net http://Ayurveda-TCM.com/ayurvedic-chinese-medicine-distance-learning http://ayurvedic.blip.tv - Excellent Quality Full Length Ayur-Vedic Documentary http://vimeo.com/ayurveda - Full Length Ayur-Vedic Documentary http://www.archive.org/details/ayurveda_institute - Full Length Ayur-Veda Documentaries http://www.flickr.com/photos/ayurvedic - Short Ayurved Vid-Clips http://www.youtube.com/user/AyurvedicMedicine - 9 minute Indo-Tibetan Medicine Video Clips
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This is the first of 131 (1.5 to 3 minutes long Ayur-Ved video clips) of a 4 hour long seminar.
In this free (Creative Commons license) Anxiety Disorder Complementary Medicine Treatment class, there are a total of one hundred and thirty one (131) one and a half (1.5) to three minutes long video clips (~3.5 hours worth) on Ayurvedic Medicine.
Please visit Medicine Buddha Healing Center's Wikipedia Ayurveda Article on “Ayurveda, Chinese Medicine and Anxiety Disorder” at: CorrespondenceCourse.Ayurveda-DistanceLearning.com/wiki/Anxiety
Please download our full length MPEG-2 DVD videos on this “Healing Anxiety” class at:
There are also sample case studies of MP3 audio recordings of Ayurvedic Consultations with Anxiety and Depression patients available on:
HRB338 is an In-Depth Ayurvedic and Chinese Medicine Study (Diagnosis and Treatment) of Anxiety Disorder and Mental Illnesses (Unmad in Ayurvedic Sanskrit), along with examination of related Vata Anxiety Disorders, Pitta Anger Violence Mania, Suicidal Tendencies (Suicide), Kapha Sadness Depression and Melancholy. Comparison - Contrast of Anxiety Depression classical Diagnosis (Assessment), Etiology (Causes), Pathology (Disease Process - Progress) and Treatment (Therapies) in both Traditional Chinese Medicine (T.C.M. or Traditional Oriental Medicine and Acupuncture) and Ayurveda – both styles Indo-Tibetan Buddhist and Hindu Ayurveda with along with Tibetan Medicine (Traditional Ayurvedic Medicine - T.A.M.).
Continuing Education Course Title is:
“One-Earth Therapeutics - Kaya Chikitsa - Integrated Ayurvedic-Chinese-Western Remedies for Anxiety (Atattvabhinivesha), Panic, Post Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD), Obsessive Compulsive (OCD) and Depression according to 200 B.C. Charaka Samhita - Level I”
Course Codes are: HRB338, HRB538, HRB638, HRB738
These Hi-Def HDTV videos and the MP3 audio files are the first in a 1.5 trimester unit (22.5 class hours long) series of lectures aimed and comparing, contrasting and synthesizing Anxiety Diagnosis and Anxiety Treatment in both the 2500 year old Chinese Medicine (Zhong Yi or TCM) with the 2500 year old Indian Ayurveda and 1300 year old Tibetan Ayurveda systems (TAM). The goal of this lecture program is to assist the student in seeing and understanding their vast commonalities in both theory (concepts) and practice (clinic) of ancient Indo-Sino-Tibetan psychological - psychiatric therapies in order to learn integrated practice modalities.
This rarely presented synthesis of the healing wisdom of these three great cultures (China, India and Tibet) will not only compare-contrast the theoretical and practical aspects of psychology - psychiatry within the framework of these two time-honored healing systems, but more importantly, will examine in detail the clinical practice aspects of manic - depressive bi-polar treatment – both herbal connections (Indian, Tibetan and Chinese herbs and minerals) and acupressure (Marmas in Ayurvedic Sanskrit) with acupuncture in the Chinese system.
We examine the mind and mental illness from the perspective of the Ayurvedic three doshas (Tridosha - Vata-Pitta-Kapha) and look at their relationship to major concepts in Chinese Medicine that are often spoken of by acupuncturists to their patients. Some of these relationship comparisons include:
1. Vata Dosha (Space and Air - Wind, Cold, Qi [Prana in Ayurvedic Sanskrit]),
2. Pitta Dosha (Fire and Water - Spleen Qi [Jathar Agni in Sanskrit], Heat, Damp-Heat, Blood [Rakta Dhatu in Sanskrit], and Yang),
3. Kapha Dosha (Water and Earth - Phlegm-Mucous [Ama in Sanskrit], Damp-Cold, Jing Qi [Ojas in Sanskrit] and Yin).
Commentary on and Lectures from the ancients texts of Indo-Sino-Tibetan Medicine: Chinese Classic of the Yellow Emperor - Huang Di Nei Jing (~200 B.C.), Shang Han Lun (~150 A.D. traditional Chinese Shang Hán Lùn), Divine Farmers Materia Medica (~150 A.D. The Divine Farmer's Herb-Root Classic (traditional Chinese Shénnóng bencao jing) with Charaka of Patanjali (~200 B.C.), Sushruta of Nagarjuna (~200 A.D.), Astanga Hridayam of Vagbhata (~700 A.D.) and the “Four Tibetan Medical Tantras” (~800 A.D. “rGyud - bzhi” in Tibetan, pronounced “Ju Shee” — “Si-Bu-Yi-Dian in Mandarin — in Sanskrit it is called the “Amrta-hrdaya-astanga-guhyopadesa-tantra” or Amrita Hridaya Astanga Guhyopadesha Tantra)
Be sure you ALSO watch - listen to all of the Introduction to Ayurvedic lectures (usually 30 minute long for each video or audio) found at:
Ayurvedic Nutritional Background on Ayurved Dietary Therapies for Mental Disorders:
Technical Introduction to Chinese Medicine Comparison with Ayurved:
If not, you will miss out on the foundation explanations of vata, pitta and kapha.
This class is a basic level yet detailed introduction to diseases of the mind and spirit (Ayurvedic Psychology) focusing on diagnosis of Prakruti (genetic constitution of vata-pitta-kapha) and Vikruti (imbalance of three doshas of vata-space-air-movement, pitta-fire-water-metabolism, kapha-water-earth-phlegm-fat).
Indo - Tibetan medicine – enshrined in the classic medical text called Rgyud bzi which was originally composed in Sanskrit and still available in Tibetan – is a veritable treasure of centuries of accumulated experience with rational fundamentals and scientifically analyzable therapeutic measures meant for the preservation and promotion of positive health, and prevention and cure of obstinate and otherwise incurable diseases.
Five Element Herbal and Food Therapies for Anxiety – from the Himalayan wisdom of Tibet, India, China, and Nepal - Ayurvedic-College.com - Ayurveda-Institute.com Distance Learning: Ayurvedic Medicine system of Nalanda University Tradition (based on Nagarjuna – see below) of Buddhism of Tibet and India; Herbal medicine with vata herbal remedies from Indo-Tibetan Ayur-Veda.
Lectured on January 25, 2009 at the Medicine Buddha Healing Center (Ayurveda-Oakland.com) and their Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute by an anonymous American Buddhist Monk (D.Ayur, Ph.D) of the Nagarjuna Nalanda Tradition of Indian - Chinese - Tibetan Buddhism - Nalanda University Buddhist Studies Program Distance Learning - Nalanda-University.com. This American Monk studied with renowned Ayurvedic physician Dr. Vasant Lad, B.A.M.S., M.A.Sc. for a six-year 1800-hour 1900-patient Ayurveda apprenticeship. This American Monk has served over 5600 patients over the last 11 years.
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Anxiety From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other uses, see Anxiety (disambiguation). Anxiety Emperor Traianus Decius (Mary Harrsch).jpg
A marble bust of the Roman Emperor Decius from the Capitoline Museum. This portrait “conveys an impression of anxiety and weariness, as of a man shouldering heavy [state] responsibilities.”  MeSH D001007
Anxiety is a psychological and physiological state characterized by somatic, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components. The root meaning of the word anxiety is 'to vex or trouble'; in either presence or absence of psychological stress, anxiety can create feelings of fear, worry, uneasiness and dread. Anxiety is considered to be a normal reaction to a stressor. It may help someone to deal with a difficult situation by prompting them to cope with it. When anxiety becomes excessive, it may fall under the classification of an anxiety disorder. Contents
1 Description 2 Biological and psychological basis 3 Varieties 3.1 In medicine 3.2 Existential anxiety 3.3 Test and performance anxiety 3.4 Stranger and social anxiety 3.5 Trait anxiety 3.6 Choice or decision anxiety 3.7 Paradoxical anxiety 3.8 Positive psychology 4 See also 5 References 6 External links
Anxiety is a generalized mood condition that can often occur without an identifiable triggering stimulus. As such, it is distinguished from fear, which is an emotional response to a perceived threat. Additionally, fear is related to the specific behaviors of escape and avoidance, whereas anxiety is related to situations perceived as uncontrollable or unavoidable. Another view defines anxiety as “a future-oriented mood state in which one is ready or prepared to attempt to cope with upcoming negative events”, suggesting that it is a distinction between future vs. present dangers which divides anxiety and fear. In a 2011 review of the literature, fear and anxiety were said to be differentiated in four domains: duration of emotional experience, temporal focus, specificity of threat, and motivated direction; fear was defined as short-lived, present-focused, geared towards a specific threat, and facilitating escape from threat while anxiety was defined as long-acting, future-focused, broadly focused towards a diffuse threat, and promoting caution while approaching a potential threat.
Physical effects of anxiety may include heart palpitations, muscle weakness and tension, fatigue, nausea, chest pain, shortness of breath, stomach aches, or headaches. The body prepares to deal with a threat: blood pressure and heart rate are increased, sweating is increased, blood flow to the major muscle groups is increased, and immune and digestive system functions are inhibited (the fight or flight response). External signs of anxiety may include pale skin, sweating, trembling, and pupillary dilation. Someone who has anxiety might also experience it as a sense of dread or panic. Although panic attacks are not experienced by every person who has anxiety, they are a common symptom. Panic attacks usually come without warning, and although the fear is generally irrational, the perception of danger is very real. A person experiencing a panic attack will often feel as if he or she is about to die or pass out.
Emotional effects may include “feelings of apprehension or dread, trouble concentrating, feeling tense or jumpy, anticipating the worst, irritability, restlessness, watching (and waiting) for signs (and occurrences) of danger, and, feeling like your mind's gone blank” as well as “nightmares/bad dreams, obsessions about sensations, deja vu, a trapped in your mind feeling, and feeling like everything is scary.”
Cognitive effects of anxiety may include thoughts about suspected dangers, such as fear of dying. “You may…fear that the chest pains [a physical symptom of anxiety] are a deadly heart attack or that the shooting pains in your head [another physical symptom of anxiety] are the result of a tumor or aneurysm. You feel an intense fear when you think of dying, or you may think of it more often than normal, or can’t get it out of your mind.”
Behavioral effects may include withdrawal from situations where unpleasant effects of anxiety have been experienced in the past. It can also be affected in ways which include changes in sleeping patterns, nail biting and increased motor tension, such as foot tapping.  Biological and psychological basis
The psychologist David H. Barlow of Boston University conducted a study that showed three common characteristics of people suffering from chronic anxiety, which he characterized as “a generalized biological vulnerability,” “a generalized psychological vulnerability,” and “a specific psychological vulnerability.” While chemical issues in the brain that result in anxiety (especially resulting from genetics) are well documented, this study highlights an additional environmental factor that may result from being raised by parents suffering from chronic anxiety themselves.
Research upon adolescents who as infants had been highly apprehensive, vigilant, and fearful finds that their nucleus accumbens is more sensitive than that in other people when selecting to make an action that determined whether they received a reward. This suggests a link between circuits responsible for fear and also reward in anxious people. As researchers note “a sense of ‘responsibility,’ or self agency, in a context of uncertainty (probabilistic outcomes) drives the neural system underlying appetitive motivation (i.e., nucleus accumbens) more strongly in temperamentally inhibited than noninhibited adolescents.”
Neural circuitry involving the amygdala and hippocampus is thought to underlie anxiety. When people are confronted with unpleasant and potentially harmful stimuli such as foul odors or tastes, PET-scans show increased bloodflow in the amygdala. In these studies, the participants also reported moderate anxiety. This might indicate that anxiety is a protective mechanism designed to prevent the organism from engaging in potentially harmful behaviors.
Although single genes have little effect on complex traits and interact heavily both between themselves and with the external factors, research is underway to unravel possible molecular mechanisms underlying anxiety and comorbid conditions. One candidate gene with polymorphisms that influence anxiety is PLXNA2.  Varieties  In medicine Main article: Anxiety disorder
Anxiety can be a symptom of an underlying health issue such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, or heart arrythmia.
Abnormal and pathological anxiety or fear may itself be a medical condition falling under the blanket term “anxiety disorder”. Such conditions came under the aegis of psychiatry at the end of the 19th century and current psychiatric diagnostic criteria recognize several specific forms of the disorder. Recent surveys have found that as many as 18% of Americans may be affected by one or more of them.
Standardized screening tools such as Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and HAM-A (Hamilton Anxiety Scale) can be used to detect anxiety symptoms and suggest the need for a formal diagnostic assessment of anxiety disorder. The HAM-A (Hamilton Anxiety Scale) measures the severity of a patient's anxiety, based on 14 parameters, including anxious mood, tension, fears, insomnia, somatic complaints and behavior at the interview.  Existential anxiety Further information: Angst, Existential crisis, and Nihilism
The philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, in The Concept of Anxiety, described anxiety or dread associated with the “dizziness of freedom” and suggested the possibility for positive resolution of anxiety through the self-conscious exercise of responsibility and choosing. In Art and Artist (1932), the psychologist Otto Rank wrote that the psychological trauma of birth was the pre-eminent human symbol of existential anxiety and encompasses the creative person's simultaneous fear of – and desire for – separation, individuation and differentiation.
The theologian Paul Tillich characterized existential anxiety as “the state in which a being is aware of its possible nonbeing” and he listed three categories for the nonbeing and resulting anxiety: ontic (fate and death), moral (guilt and condemnation), and spiritual (emptiness and meaninglessness). According to Tillich, the last of these three types of existential anxiety, i.e. spiritual anxiety, is predominant in modern times while the others were predominant in earlier periods. Tillich argues that this anxiety can be accepted as part of the human condition or it can be resisted but with negative consequences. In its pathological form, spiritual anxiety may tend to “drive the person toward the creation of certitude in systems of meaning which are supported by tradition and authority” even though such “undoubted certitude is not built on the rock of reality”.
According to Viktor Frankl, the author of Man's Search for Meaning, when a person is faced with extreme mortal dangers, the most basic of all human wishes is to find a meaning of life to combat the “trauma of nonbeing” as death is near.  Test and performance anxiety Main articles: Test anxiety, Mathematical anxiety, Stage fright, and Somatic anxiety
According to Yerkes-Dodson law, an optimal level of arousal is necessary to best complete a task such as an exam, performance, or competitive event. However, when the anxiety or level of arousal exceeds that optimum, the result is a decline in performance.
Test anxiety is the uneasiness, apprehension, or nervousness felt by students who had a fear of failing an exam. Students who have test anxiety may experience any of the following: the association of grades with personal worth; fear of embarrassment by a teacher; fear of alienation from parents or friends; time pressures; or feeling a loss of control. Sweating, dizziness, headaches, racing heartbeats, nausea, fidgeting, and drumming on a desk are all common. Because test anxiety hinges on fear of negative evaluation, debate exists as to whether test anxiety is itself a unique anxiety disorder or whether it is a specific type of social phobia.
While the term “test anxiety” refers specifically to students, many workers share the same experience with regard to their career or profession. The fear of failing at a task and being negatively evaluated for failure can have a similarly negative effect on the adult.  Stranger and social anxiety Main articles: Stranger anxiety and Social anxiety
Anxiety when meeting or interacting with unknown people is a common stage of development in young people. For others, it may persist into adulthood and become social anxiety or social phobia. “Stranger anxiety” in small children is not a phobia. Rather it is a developmentally appropriate fear by toddlers and preschool children of those who are not parents or family members. In adults, an excessive fear of other people is not a developmentally common stage; it is called social anxiety. According to Cutting, social phobics do not fear the crowd but the fact that they may be being judged negatively. Social anxiety varies in degree and severity. Whilst for some people it is characterized by experiencing discomfort or awkwardness during physical social contact (Embracing, Shaking Hands, etc.), in other cases it can lead to a fear of interacting with unfamiliar people altogether. There can be a tendency among those suffering from this condition to restrict their lifestyles to accommodate the anxiety, minimizing social interaction whenever possible. Social Anxiety also forms a core aspect of certain personality disorders, including Avoidant Personality Disorder.  Trait anxiety
Anxiety can be either a short term 'state' or a long term “trait.” Trait anxiety reflects a stable tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of threatening situations. It is closely related to the personality trait of neuroticism. Such anxiety may be conscious or unconscious.  Choice or decision anxiety
Anxiety induced by the need to choose between similar options is increasingly being recognized as a problem for individuals and for organisations:
"Today we’re all faced with greater choice, more competition and less time to consider our options or seek out the right advice."
 Paradoxical anxiety Further information: Adverse effects of meditation
Paradoxical anxiety is anxiety arising from use of methods or techniques which are normally used to reduce anxiety. This includes relaxation or meditation techniques as well as use of certain medications. In some Buddhist meditation literature, this effect is described as something which arises naturally and should be turned toward and mindfully explored in order to gain insight into the nature of emotion, and more profoundly, the nature of self.  Positive psychology Mental state in terms of challenge level and skill level, according to Csikszentmihalyi. (Click on a fragment of the image to go to the appropriate article)
In Positive psychology, anxiety is described as the mental state that results from a difficult challenge for which the subject has insufficient coping skills.  See also
Arousal Catastrophization Panic attack Paranoia Social anxiety
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v · d · eEmotions (list)
EmotionsAdoration · Affection · Aggravation · Agitation · Agony · Alarm · Alienation · Amazement · Amusement · Anger · Anguish · Annoyance · Anxiety · Apprehension · Arousal · Attraction · Bitterness · Caring · Cheerfulness · Compassion · Contempt · Contentment · Defeat · Dejection · Delight · Depression · Desire · Despair · Disappointment · Disgust · Dislike · Dismay · Displeasure · Distress · Dread · Eagerness · Ecstasy · Elation · Embarrassment · Empathy · Enjoyment · Enthrallment · Enthusiasm · Envy · Euphoria · Exasperation · Excitement · Exhilaration · Fear · Ferocity · Fondness · Fright · Frustration · Fury · Gaiety · Gladness · Glee · Gloom · Grief · Guilt · Happiness · Hatred · Homesickness · Hope · Hopelessness · Horror · Hostility · Humiliation · Hurt · Hysteria · Infatuation · Insecurity · Insult · Irritation · Isolation · Jealousy · Jolliness · Joy · Jubilation · Liking · Loathing · Loneliness · Longing · Love · Lust · Melancholy · Misery · Mortification · Neglect · Nervousness · Optimism · Outrage · Panic · Passion · Pity · Pleasure · Pride · Rage · Rapture · Regret · Rejection · Remorse · Resentment · Revulsion · Sadness · Satisfaction · Scorn · Sentimentality · Shame · Shock · Sorrow · Spite · Suffering · Surprise · Sympathy · Tenderness · Tenseness · Terror · Thrill · Torment · Uneasiness · Unhappiness · Vengefulness · Woe · Worry · Wrath · Zeal · Zest
Worldviews Compatibilism · Existentialism · Fatalism · Incompatibilism · Metaphysics · Nihilism · Optimism · Pessimism · Reclusion · Social justice · Weltschmerz Source: Parrott, W. (2001), Emotions in Social Psychology, Psychology Press, Philadelphia. Categories: Symptoms | Anxiety | Fear | Emotions | Philosophy of life
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