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asvaghosa [2018/02/26 18:10] (current)
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 +{{Buddhism}}
 +'''​{{IAST|Aśvaghoṣa}}'''​ (?​[[80]]-?​[[150]] [[Common Era|CE]]) ([[Devanagari]]:​ अश्वघोष) was an [[India]]n [[philosopher]]-[[poet]],​ born in [[Saketa]] in northern India. He is believed to have been the first [[Sanskrit]] [[dramatist]],​ and is considered the greatest [[India]] poet before [[Kālidāsa]].
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 +He was first a student of non-Buddhist teaching, but upon losing an argument with Parshva converted to Buddhism. He became a religious adviser to the [[Kushan]] king [[Kanishka]]. He was not a Mahayanist,<​ref>​Dan Lusthaus, "​Critical Buddhism and Returning to the Sources."​ Pages 30-55 of Jamie Hubbard, Paul Loren Swanson, editors, ''​Pruning the bodhi tree: the storm over critical Buddhism.''​ University of Hawaii Press, 1997, page 33.</​ref>​ and seems to have been ordained into a subsect of the [[Mahasanghikas]].<​ref>​Alexander Wynne, ''​The Origin of Buddhist Meditaiton.''​ Routledge, 2007, page 26.</​ref> ​
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 +According to [[Geshe]] Ngawang Dakpa of [[Sera Monastery|Sera Je]] Monastery in a 2008 Dharma Talk, "​Aryadeva was an [[Ayurvedic medicine]] doctor [[Bhikshu|monk]] just like [[Aśvaghoṣa]] and [[Nāgārjuna]]."​
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 +He is said to be the author of the influential [[Buddhism|Buddhist]] text ''​[[Awakening of Mahayana Faith]]'',​ although modern scholars agree that the text was composed in China.<​ref>​Nattier,​ Jan. ''​The Heart Sutra: A Chinese Apocryphal Text?''​. Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, vol 15, issue 2, pgs 180-81</​ref><​ref>''​Chinese Buddhist Apocrypha''​ by Robert E. Buswell. University of Hawaii Press: 1990. ISBN 0824812530. pgs 1-29</​ref>​ He also wrote an [[epic poetry|epic]] life of the Buddha called [[Buddhacarita]]<​ref>​The Buddha-karita [http://​www.sacred-texts.com/​bud/​sbe49/​sbe4900.htm Available online]</​ref>​ (Acts of the Buddha) in [[Sanskrit]] and the ''​[[Mahalankara]]''​ (''​Book of Glory''​). He also wrote ''​Saundaranandakavya'',​ a [[kavya]] poem with the theme of conversion of Nanda, Buddha’s half-brother,​ so that he might reach salvation. The first half of the work describes Nanda’s life, and the second half of the work describes Buddhist doctrines and ascetic practices.<​ref>​Yoshichika Honda. '​Indian Buddhism and the kāvya literature: Asvaghosa'​s Saundaranandakavya.'​ Hiroshima Daigaku Daigakuin Bungaku Kenkyuuka ronshuu ​ , 2004. [http://​cat.inist.fr/?​aModele=afficheN&​cpsidt=16560383]</​ref>​
 +==References==
 +{{Reflist}}
 +
 +{{DEFAULTSORT:​Asvaghosa}}
 +[[Category:​Indian poets]]
 +[[Category:​Buddhist philosophers]]
 +[[Category:​Converts to Buddhism]]
 +[[Category:​Zen Patriarchs]]
 +[[Category:​2nd-century people]]
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 +{{India-poet-stub}}
 +{{Buddhism-bio-stub}}
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 +[[de:​Ashvaghosha]]
 +[[es:​Aśvaghoşa]]
 +[[fr:​Ashvagosha]]
 +[[ko:​아슈바고샤]]
 +[[it:​Ashvagosha]]
 +[[la:​Asvaghosa]]
 +[[hu:​Asvaghósa]]
 +[[ja:​馬鳴]]
 +[[pl:​Aśvaghoṣa]]
 +[[ro:​Asvaghosa]]
 +[[ru:​Ашвагхоша]]
 +[[sa:​अश्वघोष]]
 +[[sv:​Asvaghosa]]
 +[[te:​అశ్వఘోషుడు]]
 +[[uk:​Ашвагхоша]]
 +[[vi:Mã Minh]]
  
asvaghosa.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:10 (external edit)