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ayurvedic_chinese_herbs [2018/02/26 18:10] (current)
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 +“Our research paper aims to help Ayurvedic practitioners in the USA to knowledgably expand their repertoire of medicinal herbs from 100 to 150 by using otherwise unavailable Ayurvedic herbs from reliable USA-based Chinese Medicine herbal import sources.”
 +Charaka, the 2nd century B.C. wandering sage monk Ayurvedic physician is claimed to have said, “A physician cannot accurately diagnose and treat the patient in all cases without having studied multiple unrelated medical sciences.” ​ Hence, a fellowship of three kindred herbal practitioners have decided in 2003 to reunite the three ancient herbal traditions of India, China and Tibet for the first time since the eighth century A.D.  An experienced Ayurvedic Herbalist who studied Chinese and Tibetan Medicine, a renowned Licensed Acupuncturist who studied Ayurveda and a Doctor of Tibetan Medicine from H.H. the Dalai Lama’s Tibetan Medicine and Astrological Institute ( have seen the ancient shared brotherhood in their three Asian medical systems and to this end have compiled a 108 page research paper.
 +Of the Asian herbs commonly available in North America, the time-tested Asian systems of Ayurveda, Tibetan Medicine and Chinese Medicine share more than 100 herbs in common. ​ These three herbal medical systems also share a large commonality of theory while retaining diverging points of view (culturally,​ spiritually,​ scientifically and medically). ​ But throughout the world most Ayurvedic herbalists, Tibetan Medicine doctors, and Chinese herbalists are unaware of these practical commonalities due to their lack of knowledge of the Latin pharmaceutical or botanical scientific names (Latin/​Greek-named genus and species). ​ Chinese herbal practitioners (like L.Ac.'​s,​ O.M.D.'​s and D.O.M.'​s) either learn the Mandarin Pinyin names or the English pharmaceutical names; Tibetan doctors know only Tibetan or sometimes Sanskrit names; and the Ayurvedic practitioners either master either the Sanskrit or the Hindi names. ​ Additionally most Ayurvedic, Tibetan and Chinese Medicine practitioners don't really dialogue with each other due to lack of understanding,​ "​one-upmanship",​ and language translation difficulties between the unique jargon and vocabulary of the three Asian systems. ​
 +Most Ayurvedic practitioners in North America are unaware that long established reliable Chinese Medicine pharmacies and suppliers (such as MayWay ( - 800-262-9929),​ Evergreen Herbs (626-333-1101),​ Nuherbs ( - 800-233-4307),​ KPC Herbs ( 949-727-4000 and 800-729-8509) offer more than 25 lesser-known "​Ayurvedic"​ herbs that are GMP-manufactured (Good-Manufacturing-Practices certified), sulphur-free and lab-tested (for contamination by pesticides and heavy metals). ​ These lesser-known "​Ayurvedic"​ products are herbal and mineral substances that are commonly used in Ayurveda in India (see V.M. Gogte’s Ayurvedic Pharmacology and Therapeutic Uses of Medicinal Plants (Dravyagunavignyan) 2001), but generally not known to Ayurvedic practitioners in North America. ​  ​Through the combined import efforts of Banyan Botanicals (,​ Om Organics (,​ Bazaar of India (,​ and Dr. Vasant Lad’s Ayurvedic Institute (,​ since at least 1992, North American Ayurvedic herbalists commonly have access to approximately 100 single Ayurvedic herbs. ​ Our research paper aims to help Ayurvedic practitioners in the USA to knowledgably expand their repertoire of medicinal herbs from 100 to 125 by using otherwise unavailable Ayurvedic herbs from reliable USA-based Chinese Medicine herbal import sources.  ​
 +At the same time we endeavor to help Chinese Medicine practitioners to broaden their understanding of their own “Chinese” herbs by looking at them through the ancient wisdom eyes of India and Tibet. ​ This noble purpose can only be realized through an accurate common translation of, clarification of and drawing of parallels and contrasts between the diverse jargon of Chinese and Ayurvedic herbal medicine. ​ For Chinese Medicine practitioners this means comprehending,​ comparing, contrasting and synthesizing the several thousand year old Ayurvedic-Tibetan medical paradigms of the Five Elements, the Six Rasa Tastes, Two Virya Energies and Three Vipaka, Prabhava, 20 Gunas, Prakruti-Vikruti,​ Dosha-Dhatu-Mala (Dosha-Dushya-Samurchana),​ Ojas-Tejas-Prana,​ Manas-Ahamkara-Atman (Mind-Ego-Spirit),​ VPK Subtype – Organ Relationship (Deep-Solid versus Superficial-Hollow),​ Sattva-Rajas-Tamas,​ Shad Samprapti 6 Pathogenesis Phases, Asthavidha Pariksha (8 Diagnosis Methods) and Sroto-Dushti (see Dr. Vasant Lad’s Textbook of Ayurveda Volume I – 2001 and Volume II – 2004 ​ For Ayurvedic and Tibetan Herbalists this means fathoming, comparing, contrasting and integrating with Ayurveda the Chinese paradigms of Five Elements, the Chinese Five Tastes, the Five Energies, Channel / Organ Tropism, the Chinese Eight Principles (Ba Gang Bian Zheng: External-Internal,​ Excess-Deficiency,​ Hot-Cold, Yang-Ying), J. Worsley and Huang Di Nei Jing 5 Element Constitutional Typing – Organ Relationship (Zang-Fu), Qi (from a VPK perspective),​ Blood (Xue), Essence (Jing), Fluids (Jin), Shen (Mind and Spirit), and Bian Zheng (Pattern Discrimination Diagnosis Methods), the Five Stagnations,​ Root and Branch Pathogenesis,​ and Meridian Disease Patterns (see Nigel Wiseman’s Practical Dictionary of Chinese Medicine – 1998 - ​  We examine both the shared and not-shared indications and contraindications for these 50 herbs and the commonalities in tongue, pulse, urine, bowel movement and mucous diagnosis. ​ Our research elaborates on the commonalities,​ which have stood the clinical test of time through long-standing in-the-field use by three major world herbal traditions.  ​
 +Our inspiration comes from the pioneering research of Dr. Lad’s and Dr. David Frawley'​s seminal work Yoga of Herbs (1986), Michael Tierra'​s influential PlanetHerbs ( Planetary Herbology (1989) and Chinese Herbal Medicine (1998), Dr. Bhagwan Dash’s Materia Medica of Tibetan Medicine (1994) (,​ Candis Cantin Packard'​s Pocket Guide to Ayurvedic Healing (1996) (,​ Andrew Gaeddert’s Health Concerns products (,​ Peter Holme'​s most comprehensive Jade Remedies (1996) and Energetics of Western Herbs - Treatment Strategies Integrating Western and Oriental Herbal Medicine (1998) (,​ Dr. Pasang Yonten Arya’s Dictionary of Tibetan Materia Medica (1998) (,​ Doctor Dawa’s A Clear Mirror of Tibetan Medicinal Plants (1999) (,​ Alan Keith Tillotson'​s The One Earth Herbal Sourcebook (2001) ( and Subhuti Dharmananda’s Institute for Traditional Medicine’s A Bag of Pearls (2002) ( ​ Our paper expands upon the influential synthesis research of these early pioneers in the domain of integrating Ayurvedic-Chinese-Western herbal traditions.
 +The 100 shared herbs we will briefly examine from a dual Indo-Sino medical perspective and where possible from a Tibetan perspective will include the following (Sanskrit name listed first, followed by Latin-Greek botanical name, followed by Tibetan name if available in brackets [], followed by the Latin-Greek pharmaceutical name, followed by the Chinese Mandarin pinyin name, followed by the Sanskrit kula name or therapeutic-use-based family name according to the ancient Sanskrit classic sources, followed by the Latin-Greek botanical-morphological family name). ​ The first list is 51 “old favorites” of American Ayurvedic herbalists. ​ The second list is 46 “new herbs” for American Ayurvedists,​ which are old standards for Chinese herbalists.
 +1. Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia - Bu gu zhi) 
 +2. Bhringaraja (Eclipta alba, E. prostata - Han4 lian2 cao3, Mo han lian) 
 +3. Chandana (Santalum alba - Tan2 xiang1) ​
 +4. Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica [Tibetan: kru tug tres / kru trug tres] - Hei mian ma, Bai hua dan) (Gogte 2000: 370) (Dash Tibetan ​ 1994: 19)
 +5. Dhanyaka (Coriandrum sativum - Herba Coriandri - Coriander herb - Hu sui; Fructus Coriandri - Coriander seed - Yan sui zi) (Mandukaparni kula, Umbellifereae) (Gogte 2000:405)
 +6. Eranda (Ricinus communis [Tibetan Dan-rog] - Castor Oil Bean - Semen Ricini - Bi ma zi) (Eranda kula) (Gogte 2000: 321) (Dawa 1999:292)
 +7. Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris [Tibetan: gZe-ma] - Bai2 ji2 li2 / ji li zi) (Gogte 2000: 361) (Dawa 1999:336)
 +8. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia ; Tinospora sinensis - Caulis Tinosporae sinensis - Chinese Tinospora stem - Kuan1 jin1 teng2; Tinospora sagittata, T. capillipes - Radix Tinosporae - Jin guo lan) (Guduchi kula) (Bensky: 169) 
 +9. Haritaki (Terminalia chebula - He1 zi3) (Holmes 1996:271)
 +10. Haridra (Curcuma longa – C. aromatica - Rhizoma Curcumae - Turmeric root -  Jiang huang, Tuber Curcumae - Turmeric ​ tuber - Yu jin)
 +11. Hing (Ferula foetida – Asafoetida – A wei) (Holmes 1996:286)
 +12. Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia - Jin guo lan) (Holmes 1996:596)
 +13. Jatamamsi (Nardostachys jatamamsi [Tibetan: sPang-spos] - Gan song xiang) (Holmes 1996:245) (Gogte 2000: 372, 754) (Dawa 1999:234)
 +14. Jatiphala (Myristica fragrans - Rou dou kou) (Holmes 1996:270)
 +15. Jiraka / Jeerak, Krishna (Carum carvi [Tibetan: Go-snyod] - Black cumin seed) (Shatapushpa kula, Umbellifereae) (Gogte 2000:353) (Dawa 1999:104)
 +16. Kanchanar (Bauhinia variegata, B. purpura - Cortex Bauhiniae variegatae - Lao bai hua pi) (Gogte 2000: 339)
 +17. Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum – Long kui, Huang shui qie)
 +18. Katuka / Kutki (Picrorrhiza kurroa - Hu2 huang2 lian2) (Holmes 1996:585)
 +19. Katuvira / Katuveera (Capsicum annum - Red chilly) (Gogte 2000:​564) ​
 +20. Kutaja (Holarrehena antidysenterica [Tibetan: Dug-mo-nyung,​ dun mo yuns] - Cortex Holarrheniae - Zhi xie mu pi) (Gogte 2000: 343) (Dawa 1999:196) (Dash Tibetan ​ 1994: 12)
 +21. Kumkum (Crocus sativus - Stigma Croci - Saffron - Xi hong hua, Fan hong hua) (Keshara kula, Iridaceae) (Gogte 2000:585)
 +22. Lavanga (Eugenia caryophyllata - Clove buds - Ding xiang) (Holmes 1996:282)
 +23. Loha / Lauha Bhasma (Ferrum - Chen sha - Black iron oxide) (Kulkarni 2000:108)
 +24. Mandukaparni-Brahmi (Centella/​Hydrocotyle asiatica - Di qian4 cao3, Luo de da, Ji xue cao, Peng da wan) 
 +25. Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia [Tibetan: bTsod] - Indian madder - Radix Rubiae - Qian4 cao3 gen1) (Gogte 2000: 464) (Holmes 1996:410) (Dawa 1999:296)
 +26. Marich (Piper nigrum - Hu jiao, Hei hu jiao) 
 +27. Methika ​
 +28. Musta (Cyperus rotundus - Xiang fu) 
 +29. Nagakeshara (Bombax ceiba [Tibetan: Pad-ma ge-sar]) (Dawa 1999:94)
 +30. Nimba (Azadirachta indica [Tibetan: ni mba] - Ku3 lian4 gen1 pi2) (Gogte 2000: 409) (Dash Tibetan ​ 1994: 6) 
 +31. Mahanimba (Melia azedarach [Tibetan: ni mba chen po], M. toosendan - Cortex radicis Meliae - Bead tree root bark - Ku lian gen pi) (Gogte 2000: Not listed) (Dash Tibetan ​ 1994: 7) 
 +32. Nirgundi (Vitex negundo - Huang Jing Zi, Mu Jing Zi) 
 +33. Pippali (Piper longum [Tibetan: pi pi lin] - Bi4 ba2, bi bo) (Gogte 2000: 424) (Holmes 1996:286) (Dash Tibetan ​ 1994: 26)
 +34. Pushkarmula (Inula racamosa, I. japonica, I. brittanica - Tu mu xiang, Zong zhuang tu mu xiang, Xuan fu) 
 +35. Rasona (Allium sativum – Da suan)
 +36. Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina - Luo fu mu) 
 +37. Sarshap (Bassica alba - Mustard seed -  ) (Gogte 2000:736)
 +38. Saindhava (Tibetan: lan tsha] - Rock salt / Mineral salt– Da qing yan) (Gogte 2000: 457) (Dash Tibetan ​ 1994: 29)
 +39. Sallaki (Boswellia serrata, B. carterii - Frankincense - Ru xiang) (Gogte 2000:739)
 +40. Sat Isabgol / Ashwagolam (Plantago ovata seed - Che qian zi)
 +41. Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus [Tibetan: Nye-shing]- Tian1 men2 dong1) (Dawa 1999:82)
 +42. Sister of Shatavari (Asparagus cochinchinensis - Rhizoma Asparagi cochinensis - Tian men dong)
 +43. Shunthi / Adrak (Zingiber officinalis - Gan jiang / Sheng jiang) (Holmes 1996:281)
 +44. Taruni (Rosa centifolia; Rosa chinensis - Gemma Rosae chinensis - Moonseason rose bud - Yue ji hua; Rosa rugosa - Flos Rosae rugosae - Japanese rose flower - Mei gui hua) (Taruni kula, Rosaceae) (Gogte 2000:620)
 +45. Tilam (Sesamum indicum - Fructus Sesami - Hei zhi ma, Hu ma ren) (Tila kula, Pedalianeae) (Gogte 2000:629)
 +46. Twak (Cinnamomum zeylanicum, C. cassia - Rou gui, Xi lan rou gui, Gui zhi) 
 +47. Tulsi (Ocimum Basilicum, Ocimum Sanctum – Luo le) 
 +48. Vacha (Acorus calamus [Tibetan: Shu-dag nag-po], A. gramineus ​ - Shi chang pu) (Gogte 2000: 479) (Dawa 1999:52)
 +49. Vidari (Pueraria tuberosa, P. lobata, P. spp - Ge gen - Kudzu root)
 +50. Vamslochan (Bamboo)
 +51. Yashti madhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra [Tibetan: Sim mnar] - Gan1 cao3) (Gogte 2000: 457) (Dash Tibetan ​ 1994: 4)  ​
 +1. Agaru / Kashthagaru (Aquilaria agallocha, A. sinensis - Chen xiang) (Aguru kula, Thymelaceae) (Gogte 2000: 288, 574)
 +2. Apamarga (Achyranthes aspera - Wei niu xi, Ju niu xi, Dou kou cao) (Gogte 2000: 294)
 +3. Aragvadha (Cassia fistula [Tibetan: Dong-ga], C. occidentalis - Wang jiang nan zi) (Gogte 2000:311) (Dawa 1999:​106) ​
 +4. Ativisha (Aconitum heterophyllum [Tibetan: Bong-nga dkar-po rigs-dang-po],​ A. carmichaeli - Chuan wu, Wu tou, Fu zi) (Gogte 2000: 291) (Dawa 1999:46)
 +5. Babbul (Acacia arabica - Er cha tree)
 +6. Bhanga / Ganja (Cannabis sativa - Huo ma ren)
 +7. Tankan (Soddii biboras - Purified sodium borate - Borax - Shu peng sha, Peng sha)
 +8. Irimed (Acacia catechu - Er cha) (Gogte 2000: 547)
 +9. Badaram / Rajbadar (Zizyphus sativus - Z. jujuba - Da zao, Hong zao)
 +10. Bola - Myrrh (Commiphora myrrha - Mo yao) (Holmes 1996:627)
 +11. Chakramarda (Cassia tora - C. obtusifolia - Semen Cassiae torae - Sickle senna seed / Ringworm plant - Jue ming zi, Cao jue ming) (Shimbi kula, Leguminoceae) (Gogte 2000:603)
 +Do not confuse with Aragvadha (Cassia fistula Gogte 2000:311)
 +12. Kasamarda (Cassia occidentalis - Nigro coffee plant, Coffee senna seed - Wang jiang nan zi) (Shimbi kula, Leguminoceae) (Gogte 2000:576)
 +13. Chandrashur (Lepidium sattivum, L. apetalum, L. virginiacum - Ting li zi) (Rajika kula, Cruciferae) (Gogte 2000:606)
 +14. Chiraita (Swertia chiraita – Zhang ya cai, Swertia psuedochinensis - Asian green gentian root - Dang yao) (Holmes 1996:279)
 +15. Choraka (Angelica glouca [Tibetan: lCa-ba g.yung-ba], A.archangelica;​ Angelica sinensis - Radix Angelicae - Dang gui) (Umbellifereae) (Gogte 2000:609) (Dawa 1999:64)
 +16. Chopchini / Dwipantar Vacha (Smilax glabra - Tu fu ling, S. china - Jin gang teng, Ba qi)
 +17. Dadima (Punica granatum [Tibetan: Se-‘bru] - Shi liu gen pi) (Holmes 1996:277) (Gogte 2000: 392) (Dawa 1999:276)
 +18. Damanak (Artemisa vulgaris - A. argyi - Ai ye) (Gogte 2000:609)
 +19. Dugdhapheni (Taraxacum officinale [Tibetan: Khur-mang], T. mongolicum - Pu gong ying) (Holmes 1996:588) (Gogte 2000: 637) (Dawa 1999:326)
 +20. Gunja (Abrus pecatorius, A. cantoniensis - Indian licorice root seeds - Radix Abri - Licorice bean root - Xiang si zi gen, Herba Abri - Ji gu cao) (Shimbi kula, Leguminoceae) (Gogte 2000:600)
 +21. (Carthamus tinctorius [Tibetan: Gur-gum] – Flos Carthami tinctorii – Safflower - Hong hua) (Dawa 1999:102)
 +22. Jati (Jasminum grandiflorum,​ Jasminum officinale - Flos Jasmini officinalis - Su xin hua) (Parijatak kula, Oleaceae) (Gogte 2000:614)
 +23. Jayapal (Croton tiglium - Semen Crotonis - Croton seed - Ba dou; Croton crassifolius - Radix Crotonis crassifolii - Thick leaf croton root - Ji gu xiang) (Eranda kula, Euphorbiaceae) (Gogte 2000:613)
 +24. Kalamegh (Andrographis paniculata - Folium Andrographis - Heart thread lotus leaf - Chuan xin lian) (Vasa kula, Acanthaceae) (Gogte 2000:580)
 +25. Kakamachi (Solanum nigrum - Herba Solani nigri - Long kui) (Kantakari kula, Solanaceae) ​ (Gogte 2000:579)
 +26. Kalimusli (Curculigo – Xian mao)
 +27. Kankolam / Katuphala (Piper chubeb - Litsea cubeb - Cubeb fruit - Bi cheng qie) (Pippali Kula) (Gogte 2000:565) (Holmes 1996:286)
 +52. Kankushtha (Garcinia morella - Resina Garciniae - Teng huang) ​ (Nagakeshara Kula) (Gogte 2000:567)
 +28. Karavella - Karela (Momordica charantia – Fructus Momordicae charantiae - Bitter Melon - Ku gua) (Koshataki kula)  (Gogte 2000:577)
 +29. Karpur / Karpoor (Cinnamomum camphora - Zhang mu) (Karpur Kula, Lauraceae) (Gogte 2000:569)
 +30. Kassondi (Cassia seed – Jue ming zi)
 +31. Kasani (Chicorium intybus - Endive, Chicory) (Bhringaraja Kula, Compositeae) (Gogte 2000:​578) ​
 +32. Katphala (Myrica nagi - Myrica rubra - Cortex Myricae rubrae - Red bayberry bark - Yang mei pi) (Katphala kula, Myricaceae) (Gogte 2000:568)
 +33. Kitamari / Keetamari ​ (Aristolochia bracteata - Birthwort, Aristolochia manshuriensis - Caulis Aristolochiae manshuriensis - Manchurian birthwort stem - Guan mu tong; Aristolochia fangchi, A. wetlandii - Radix Aristolochiae fangchis - Fangchi birthwort stem - Fang ji; Aristolochia contorta, A. debilis - Caulis Aristolochiae - Green birthwort - Tian xian teng)  (Ishwari kula, Aristolochiaceae) (Gogte 2000:581)
 +34. Kumari (Aloe vera powder, A. chinensis - Lu hui) (Gogte 2000: 347)
 +35. Kuûha (Saussurea lappa, Radix Saussureae lappae - Mu xiang, Yun mu xiang)
 +36. Mahabharivacha (Alpinia galanga - Da liang jiang, Alpinia katsumadai - Katsumada’s Galangal seed - Cao dou kou, Hong dou kou, Alpinia officinarum - Galangal root - Gao liang jiang,) (Gogte 2000: 688) (Holmes 1996:283, 285)
 +37. Mandanaphala (Stychnos nux-vomica, S. pierrana - Zhi Ma Qian Zi) 
 +38. Moti - Mouktik (Pteria margaritiferae - Zhen zhu) (Holmes 1996:236)
 +39. Padma (Nelumbo nucifera - Lotus seed - Lian zi) (Holmes 1996:274)
 +40. Padma Patra (Nelumbo nucifera - Lotus leaf - He ye) (Holmes 1996:277)
 +41. Parad (Cinnabarum - Zhu sha) 
 +42. Pitamula (Rueum emodi, R. palmatum, R. officinale - Da huang - Rhubarb root) 
 +43. Puga (Areca catachu - Bing lang, Da fu pi) 
 +44. Putiha (Mentha spicate - Xiang hua cai, Liu lan xiang - Spearmint) ​
 +45. Shringa Bhasma, Mrigshring (Cervus nippon, C. elaphus - Mature deer antler - Lu jiao, Lu rong lao) (Gogte 2000: 781) (Holmes 1996:406)
 +46. Soma / Dhamani (Ephedra gerardiana [Tibetan: mTshe-ldum Lug-mtshe] - Ma huang) ​ (Gogte 2000:749) (Dawa 1999:152)
 +47. Trayamana (Gentiana kurroa, Thalictrum foliotosum - Long Dan Cao) 
ayurvedic_chinese_herbs.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:10 (external edit)