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 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
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 +[[Home]] | [[Clinic]] | [[Featured Content]] | [[Buddhist Ayurvedic Distance Learning |Distance Learning]] | [[About Us]] | [[Donate]] | [[Non-Profit]] | [[Recent Changes]] | Phone: 1-510-292-6696
 +
 +Part of the [[SKT220]] [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] Course on [[Sanskrit Terms]] of [[Ayurveda]] and [[Dharma]]
 +----
 +
 +
 +======= Bhikshu =======
 +
 + ​[[Bhikshu]] ​
 +
 +
 +[[Bhikshu]] is a [[Sanskrit]] [[word]]; it is the technical [[design]]ation for a fully
 +[[ordain]]ed [[Buddhist]] [[monk]], one who leads a [[pure]] and celibate [[life]] and who
 +[[uphold]]s the basic 250 [[monastic]] regulations (227 in the [[Theravada]] [[tradition]]).
 +
 +"​[[Bhikshu]] has [[Three]] [[meaning]]s,​ and so it is not translated from [[Sanskrit]]. It
 +[[means]] '​mendicant',​ '​[[frighten]]er of [[Mara]]'​[i.e.,​ the [[King]] of the [[heaven]]ly
 +[[demon]]s],​ and '​[[destroy]]er of [[evil]]'​. Above, a [[Bhikshu]] seeks the [[food]] of [[Dharma]]
 +from all the [[Buddha]]s to nourish his [[Dharma]] [[body]]. Below, he seeks [[food]] from
 +[[living beings]] to nourish the [[life]] of his [[wisdom]]. In making the [[alms]] round
 +for [[food]], he must seek [[alms]] from the [[rich]] and [[poor]] [[Equal]]ly. What [[benefit]]s
 +does making the [[alms]]-round for [[food]] bring? It [[give]]s [[living beings]] a [[Chan]]ce
 +to [[plant]] [[Blessings]]. [[living beings]] make [[offering]]s to the [[Triple Jewel]] in
 +order to [[attain]] [[Blessings]] and [[virtue]]. Unless they make [[offering]]s to the
 +[[Triple Jewel]], their [[Blessings]] thin out, and day by day they accordingly
 +undergo more [[suffering]]. Many [[people]] don't [[know]] enough to make [[offering]]s on
 +their own, and so the [[Bhikshu]]s make the [[alms]]-round for [[food]] to make them
 +[[aware]] of this [[practice]]. [[seeking]] [[alms]] helps the [[Bhikshu]]s to reduce their
 +[[greed]]. It also helps [[lay]] [[people]] [[give]] rise to charitable [[state]]s of [[mind]]. When
 +[[Bhikshu]]s seek [[alms]], they make the [[alms]]-round in succession, from one house
 +to the next; they can't skip over the [[poor]]er [[families]] and seek [[alms]] from the
 +[[rich]], hoping for better [[offering]]s. They must not [[discriminate]] in their
 +[[seeking]] [[alms]]. They have to seek [[alms]] [[Equal]]ly from all [[living beings]], so that
 +all will have an [[Equal]] opportunity to [[plant]] [[Blessings]].
 +
 +"The [[second]] [[meaning]] of the [[word]] [[Bhikshu]] is '​[[frighten]]er of [[Mara]]'​. When a
 +[[person]] leaves the home-[[life]] to [[become]] a [[Bhikshu]],​ the [[heaven]]ly [[demon]]s are
 +upset. This is like your coming here to [[study]] the [[Buddha Dharma]]: the [[demon]]
 +[[King]]s use all their tricks to get you to quit [[study]]ing,​ be[[cause]] they don't
 +like it one bit. If you leave the home-[[life]],​ the [[demon]]s are even more
 +un[[happy]]. When a [[Bhikshu]] steps up on the [[precept]] [[Plat[[form]] for the [[Bhikshu]]
 +[[precept]]s to be [[transmit]]ted,​ the [[Three]] [[Master]]s and [[seven]] certifiers,
 +representing the [[Buddha]]s of the [[ten directions]] and the [[Three]] periods of
 +[[time]], who administer and [[certify]] the [[precept]]s,​ ask him, 'Have you brought
 +forth the [[Bodhi]] [[mind]] ([[Bodhichitta]])?'​ And he says, '​Yes.'​ Then they ask him, 'Are you a
 +[[Great]] [[Hero]]?'​ And he says, 'Yes I am.' At that [[time]], an [[earth]] travelling
 +_[[yaksha]]_ takes the news to a [[space]] travelling _[[yaksha]]_,​ and the
 +[[space]]-travelling _[[yaksha]]_ flies up to the [[demon]] [[King]]s in the [[heaven]]s and
 +in[[form]]s them that, among [[human]] [[beings]], yet another one has [[left]] home to
 +[[become]] a [[Bhikshu]]. When the [[demon]] [[King]] [[hear]]s this, his [[Pala]]ce quakes, as if
 +there were an [[earth]]quake,​ and the [[demon]] [[King]] is afraid. [[thus]], [[Bhikshu]]s are
 +called '​[[frighten]]ers of [[Mara]].'​
 +
 +"​[[third]],​ the [[word]] [[Bhikshu]] [[means]] '​[[destroy]]er of [[evil]]'​. [[Bhikshu]]s break through
 +all the [[evil]]s of the [[affliction]]s. [[people]] have [[affliction]]s which come to them
 +at [[birth]]. When they are [[born]], they lose their tempers and get [[angry]] and cry.
 +[[Bhikshu]]s break through [[affliction]]s,​ and just that is [[Bodhi]]. They [[give]] rise
 +to the [[Bodhi]] [[mind]] ([[Bodhichitta]]).
 +
 +"Since the [[word]] [[Bhikshu]] includes these [[Three]] [[meaning]]s,​ it is not translated
 +but is [[left]] in the [[Sanskrit]]."​ ([[DFS]] IX 1683-1685)
 +
 +The [[Three]] [[meaning]]s of [[Bhikshu]] complement the [[Three]] [[meaning]]s of [[Arhat]] (see
 +entry).
 +
 +1) [[Chinese]]:​ bi qiu_ , 2) [[Sanskrit]]:​ [[Bhikshu]],​ 3) _bhikkhu_, 4) Alternate [[translation]]s:​
 +[[alms]]man,​ [[mendicant]],​ a [[Buddhist]] [[monk]] or [[priest]], (etymologically 'one who
 +[[wish]]es to share or partake'​).
 +
 +[[See Also]]: [[Shramana]],​ [[Bhikshuni]],​ [[Sangha]], [[Moral Precepts]].
 +
 +[[BTTS References]]:​ [[EDR]] I 166-167; [[FAS]] Ch11 106-116, [[FAS]] Ch16 30-31; [[SS]] I
 +63-64; [[SS]] V]] 148-149; [[DFS]] II 181, 345; [[DFS]] IX 1683-1685.
 +
 +
 +----
 +[[Previous Term]] | [[Anuttara Samyak Sambodhi |Next Term]]
 +
 +----
 +Return to the [[Buddhist Ayurveda Encyclopedia]] and 
 +[[Glossary of Dharma]] and [[Ayurvedic Terms]] | [[Recent Changes]]
 +
 +[[Fair Use]]: [[Vaidya]] [[Vasant Lad]], [[Textbook of Ayurveda]], [[Ayurvedic Press]], 2002; 
 +[[Vasant Lad]], [[BAMS]], [[MAsc]], [[Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes]], [[Ayurvedic Institute]],​ 1994-2006; ​
 +and [[Ron Epstein]], [[Buddhism A to Z]], Burlingame, [[California]],​ [[Buddhist Text Translation Society]], 2003, p. and many other sources (see [[Bibliography]]).
 +Adapted from Fair Use Source: [[Upasaka]] [[Ron Epstein]], [[Buddhism A to Z]], 1999: p. 
 +Primary Original Source: The [[Tripitaka]] of [[Sutra]], [[Shastra]] and [[Vinaya]] [[Dharma]] teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the [[India]]n [[Sanskrit]]- [[Siddham]],​ [[Chinese]],​ [[Tibetan]] and [[Japanese]] traditions of the [[Nalanda Tradition]] of ancient [[Nalanda University]]) of [[Shakyamuni Buddha]], and his [[Arya]] [[Sagely]] [[Bodhisattva]] [[Bhikshu]] [[Monk]] and [[Upasaka]] disciples.
 +
 +These [[Good and Wise Advisors]] ([[Kaliyanamitra]]) [[Dharma Master]] teachers include [[Arya]] [[Venerable]]s [[Om Tare Tuttare Ture]] [[Om Ah Hum]] and [[Namo]] to [[Jivaka]], [[Charaka]],​ [[Lao Zi]] - [[Mahakashapa]],​ [[Ashwagosha]],​ [[Shantideva]] - [[Hui Neng]] - [[Shen Kai]] [[Sheng Ren Shr]], [[Bodhidharma]],​ the 16 [[Nalanda Acharyas]] 1. [[Nagarjuna]]-[[Manjushri]],​ 2. [[Arydeva]],​ 3. [[Buddhapalita]],​ 4. [[Bhavaviveka]],​ 5. [[Chandrakirti]] and [[Chandragomin]],​ 6. [[Shantideva]],​ 7. [[Shantarakshita]],​ 8. [[Kamalashila]],​ 9. [[Asanga]]-[[Maitreya]],​ 10. [[Vasubhandu]],​ 11. [[Dignaga]],​ 12. [[Dharmakirti]],​ 13. [[Vimuktisena]],​ 14. [[Haribhadra]],​ 15. [[Gunaprabha]],​ 16. [[Shakyaprabha]];​ [[Dharmarakshita]],​ [[Atisha]], [[Tsong Khapa]], [[Thogme Zangpo]], [[Nyingma]] [[Padmasambhava]],​ [[Yeshe Tsogyel]], [[Machig Lapdron]], [[Tilopa]], [[Naropa]], [[Milarepa]],​ [[Sakya Pandita]], [[Fazang]], [[Yunmen]], [[Nichiren]],​ [[Honen]], [[Shinran]],​ [[Kukai]], [[Dogen]], [[Hakuin]], [[Jamgon Kongtrul]], [[Nyingma]] [[Penor Rinpoche]], [[Bakula Rinpoche]], [[Dagri Rinpoche]], [[Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Lama Kongchog]], [[Longchen Rapjampa]] - [[Gosok Rinpoche]], [[Phabongkha Rinpoche]], [[Patrul Rinpoche]], [[Mingyur Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Ngwang Dakpa]], [[Geshe Sopa Rinpoche]], [[Garchen Rinpoche]], [[Karmapa]],​ [[Sakya Trizin]], [[Tenzin Gyatso]] the [[Dalai Lama]], [[Hsu Yun]], [[Hsuan Hua]], [[Lama Zopa Rinpoche]], [[Choden Rinpoche]], [[Ajahn Chah]], [[Seung Sahn]], [[Thich Nhat Hanh]], [[Ajahn Sumedho]], ​ [[S. N. Goenka], [[Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha]], [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]]. And thanks to other [[modern day masters]]. ​ We consider them to be in accord with [[Tripitaka Master]] [[Hsuan Hua]]’s "​[[Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers]]"​
 +
 +[[Nalanda Online University]]'​s teachings are based especially on the following [[Buddhist Scriptures]]:​ [[Lama]] [[Tsong Khapa]]'​s [[Lam Rim]], the Dharma Flower [[Lotus Sutra]], the [[Avatamsaka Sutra]], the [[Shurangama Sutra]], the [[Ksitigarbha Sutra]], the [[Bhaisajya Guru Sutra]], the [[Dharani Sutra]], the [[Vajra Sutra]], the [[Prajna Paramita]] Hridayam [[Heart Sutra]], the [[Vimalakirti Sutra]], the [[Sanghata Sutra]], the [[Sutra of Golden Light]], the [[Srimala Devi Sutra]], the [[Sutra in 42 Sections]], the [[Mahaparinirvana Sutra]], the [[Hui Neng Sutra]], [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Shastra on the Door to Understanding the Hundred Dharmas]], Maitreya'​s [[Ornament for Clear Realizations]] ([[Abhisamayalamkara]]),​ [[Chandrakirti]]'​s [[Supplement to Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way]] ([[Madhyamakavatara]]),​ [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Treasury of Manifest Knowledge]] ([[Abhidharmakosha]]) and the [[Tantra]]s and [[Mantra]]s of the [[Vajrayana]] the [[42 Hands and Eyes]], [[Guhyasamaja]],​ the [[Kalachakra]],​ the [[Vajrayogini]],​ the [[Heruka]], the [[Chakrasamvara]],​ the [[Chod]], the [[Hayagriva]],​ the [[Hevajra]],​ the [[Yamantaka]],​ the [[Kalarupa]],​ the [[Manjushri Nama Samgiti]], the [[Vajrakilaya]],​ the [[Vajrapani]],​ the [[Vajra Claws Dakini]], the [[Mahakala]],​ the [[Tara]], the [[White Umbrella Goddess]] ([[She Dan Do Bo Da La]]), [[Kirti Losang Trinle]]'​s [[Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra]], and [[Aku Sherab Gyatso]]'​s [[The Two Stages of the Guhyasamaja Tantra]] and their commentaries ([[shastra]]s) by the above Arya [[Tripitakacharya]] [[Dharma Master]]s.
 +----
 +NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under [[Shastra tradition]] and "​[[Fair Use]]" by an [[Anonymous]] [[Buddhist Monk]] [[Redactor]] (Compiler) of this Online [[Buddhist Encyclopedia]] Compilation) ​
 +
 +----
 +----
 +====== Course Codes ======
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 +
 +----
 +====== Technical Notes ======
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 +
 +====== Contact Us ======
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 +----
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bhikshu.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:10 (external edit)