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Bhringaraj- eclipta alba bhringa= bumble bee, raja= king Rasa: bitter, pungent Virya: heating Vipak: pungent Action on Doshas: V v P ^ K v internally heating, externally cooling- helps pacify pitta
Properties: • diencephalon = brahmaragumpha, primordial brain, bridges right & left brain, area where past life experiences are recorded
vibrates during brahmari pranayam- humming, keep space in between teeth so jaw slightly open, mouth closed, tongue is touching palate
• has affinity to majja dhatu, improves memory, enhances clarity, nervine tonic • alterative tonic, mild purgative • diuretic brings down BP • acts on pranavahasrotas- as bronchodilator and mild expectorant
tx dyspnoea, pulmonary congestion, bronchitis, asthma, bronchiectesis- dilation of bronchi (excess secretion of avalambaka kapha in lung)
• kindles majja and asthi dhatu agni/ by-product of asthi- hair and nails
tx brittle nails, split-ends on hair, hair loss, osteoporosis• hematotonic- acts on bone marrow, produces RBC/ tx anemia, esp. pernicious anemia • anabolic tonic- enhances tone, coordination of muscle • liver tonic, tx hepatitis A, C- bhringaraj + kutki • alkaloid ecliptin-aphrodisiac, ointment applied to pubic bone, tx lack of tone to genital organs • in saraswati product, tranquillity tea, bhringaraj quath- concoction, mahabhringaraj asava- wine acts directly on pilu & pithar agni
Tx: 200-300 mg TID = normal dose • anemia= pandu (white, pale)- bowl of yogurt or curd + 1 tsp. bhringaraj + tsp. marich (= sun, black pepper, best ama pachan & ama dipan)
have in the morning to build blood
• edema= shotha, 1 tsp. bhringaraj + 1 tsp. punarnava make tea & boil with 1 cup of water, BID- morning & evening, will act as diuretic (beauty of this diuretic is no potassium loss which usually leads to fatigue) • muscle wasting or pain- in case of poliomyelitis, boil 1 tsp. bhringaraj with 1 cup milk, drink at bedtime will strengthen muscles & induce sound sleep • hair loss- rub bhringaraj oil on scalp at bedtime • burning eyes- rub bhringaraj oil on scalp and soles of feet • psoriasis- bhringaraj bath: 2 ounces + 1 gallon of water boil dump tea in bathtub • skin diseases, lupus, scleroderma- bhringaraj bath • anemia- apply bhringaraj oil on skin and then take sunbath • bladder or kidney stones- bhringaraj does decrystallization of stone (300 mg), gokshura (300 mg), punarnava (300 mg) • tremors, tics, spasms, muscle fatigue or wasting, neuromuscular dystrophy
• 1-2 tbsp. bhringaraj- massive dose will act as vaman- emetic • awaken intelligence- bhringaraj with brahmi + jatamamsi + jyotismati
Eclipta alba false daisy
: : katu, tikta : : katu :
V - P + K -
DESCRIPTION: delicate herb / bush; flowers bloom on full moon (taking herb makes eyebrows red)
ACTIVE PRINCIPLE: alkaloid ecliptin
AFFINITY: brain, nervous system
ACTIONS: • alterative • tonic • emetic • purgative • diuretic– mild • hepato-tonic– chelation of heavy metals • bran tonic • broncho-dilation
INDICATIONS: delusion, illusion, confusion, hair loss, bronchitis, bronchial asthma, anemia, edema, alopecia, dandruff, dandritis, CFS, sexual debility, insomnia, Alzheimer’s, hypertension, glaucoma, kidney stones, GB stones, fibrocystic breasts, GM & PM epilepsy, liver toxicity,
FORMULATIONS: • anemia– 1/2t marica 1/4t 1/2 c. yogurt • edema– , punarnava, goksura 1/3 each 1/4t TID • CFS– boil 1/2t 1c. milk at bed time • hair loss, etc.– oil to scalp bed time • sexual debility– 1/2t boil in 1c. milk bedtime = break down bed formula • emetic– 1t - 2t • insomnia– rub oil to soles and scalp • memory, Alzheimer’s– 1/4t brahmi 1/4t sarasvati 1/2t • longevity– + milk • purgative– tea • hypertension– 1/4 t 1/4t sarpagandha 1/2t punarnava • glaucoma– same as hypertension (passion flower may be substituted for sarpagandha or use 1/4t hawthorn berry also). • fibrocystic breasts– gentle massage with oil and castor oil 50% each • GM and PM epilepsy– 1/4t 1/4t brahmi 1/2t sarasvati (also when this is taken as powder for inhalation helps prevent attacks– not immediately before, after food, shower. It will derange Pv, Uv = allow I hour gap for these events. Also not for child under 12 or aged over 80 or during pregnancy or menses. If done during menses may increase endometrial congestion. (LadHrb95:34-35)
NOTE: Regarding stones: each type has a different pathogenesis. Remember is stones occurs from Ca free-floating in body then asthi agni is weak. Thyroid / parathyroid are implied in Ca metabolism. If there is a problem here then Ca may come out of the bone to create stones, swollen joints, calcified valves and so on. This micro-calcification may become the nucleus of cancer. In the GB it is the nucleus of stones. While in the GB the “stones” may be soft they may calcify with the Ca present. is useful here. The consciousness of the herbs in satyuga is very high but now very low. ..probably less than 25% of value. This means that the is reduced. For spiritual possession burn vaca or sankhapuspi or brahmi or take them internally. These will relieve congestion of the synaptic space. Spirits like a dirty, untidy, smelly person and these aromas are not liked by spirits. Ushira, sandalwood, henna, white sage (for indian spirits). Works on multiple personality, manic depressive, bi-polar syndrome. (LadHrb95:35)
Bhringaraj energetics: bitter, pungent/ heating/ pungent
VK- increases Pitta only in excessTissues: also for reproductive It is rejuvenative for the liver and an excellent medicine for cirrhosis. (LadYogaHrb)
ECLIPTA Latin: Eclipta alba Eclipta prostrata Sanskrit: Bhringaraja (alba) Chinese: Han lian cao (prostrata) WHAT IT DOES: Eclipta is cooling in action. Ayurvedic eclipta (bhringaraja) is bitter in taste, while Chinese eclipta (han lian cao) is sweet and sour in taste. Both reduce inflammation, obstructive swelling and pain from the liver and blood. They also calm stress and nourish the hair roots. RATING: yellow, due to limited applications. SAFETY ISSUES: None known. STARTING DOSAGE: dried powder, dried decoction or fresh leaf juice Dried powder: two grams two times per day 4:1 dried decoction: 500 mg two times per day Fresh leaf juice: one to two teaspoons three times per day Two distinct species of eclipta are differentiated by my Ayurvedic teacher in Nepal, one with white flowers, and one with yellow flowers (Bajracharya, 1979). TAM doctors use eclipta to treat liver cirrhosis, infectious hepatitis, and liver and spleen enlargement. They boil the leaf juice with sesame or coconut oil and apply it topically, both to retard graying of the hair and to make the hair more luxuriant. Doctors in Nepal use eclipta drops dissolved in sesame oil to treat sinusitis, migraine headache, and inflammation of the eye, nose, and ears. TCM doctors use a similar species (milder in taste) internally to treat dizziness, blurred vision, vertigo and premature graying of hair, especially in cases of Yin deficiency. The simple combination of ligustrum fruit (nu shen zi / Ligustrum lucidum) and eclipta is a well-known and effective Yin tonic. 2001 Alan Keith Tillotson 36 In 1996, I created a treatment by adding Ayurvedic eclipta to some of the standard TCM herbs for hair loss. I soon had a regular clientele of men and women using the formula. After an average of three months of use (it takes time to grow hair), they reported better results than we had previously experienced with the TCM formula alone. I remember in particular a young African-American woman who was so ashamed of her severe hair loss (complete with bald patches) that she wore a cap at all times. After a year or so she came back to show me her lush hair, all in beautiful braids. Research highlights In one study, topical application of fresh eclipta leaf juice mixed with neem oil reportedly stimulated hair growth, and in some cases changed gray hair to black (Chandra K, 1985). Seven pharmacological and histological animal studies reported in India by the Central Council for Research on Ayurveda and Siddha have shown strong protective effects on the liver. Histopathlogical studies showed significant reduction in elevated liver enzymes and alkaline phosphate, and healing of liver tissues, within four weeks following chemical insults (reported in Pandey, 1996). The liver protective effects of eclipta (alba) seem to result from its ability to regulate levels of drug metabolizing enzymes in the liver (Saxena et al., 1993). Researchers have also reported a calming hypotensive effect (reported in Pandey, 1996, Gupta, 1976), as well as anti-bacterial and anti-viral activity (reported in Pandey, 1996). Additionally, eclipta (prostrata) and some of its constituents were shown in animal experiments to neutralize toxicity and bleeding caused by snake venom and mushroom toxins (Melo et al., 1994, (Mors, 1991).
Sanskrit Name: Bhringaraja syn.: markava, kesharanjana, kesharaja, ravipriya, abhedakaraja, keshali, ravivallabha
Common Name: false daisy
Botanical Name: Eclipta alba Compositae (to be deficient; white)
Source: Gogte 2000: pp. 451-453
Brief Botanical Description: grows to 4-5” all over India, especially in moist places
Parts Used: roots, leaves
Constituents: Fe, silica, cobalt, alkaloid ecliptine K = large amount of resin and alkaloid ecliptine. reducing sugar in whole plant, sterols in seeds, wedelolactone from leaves and stem, desmethyl wedelolactone and sulfur-containing peptides; two thiophene derivatives and a polyacetylenic compound. alpha-terthienylmethanol, beta amyrin, and stigmasterol
Affect on Vata, Pitta, Kapha: - + -
Guna / Attributes: ruksha (dry - ruksha), laghu (light - laghu)
Rasa / Tastes: katu (pungent, acrid, spicy - increases pitta, decreases kapha), tikta (bitter - decreases pitta-kapha)
Virya / Energy: Ushna (heating - ushna)
Vipaka / Post-Digestive Effect: Katu (pungent, spicy, acrid) vipaka Pharmacological Actions: hair growth (pitta), hepato-detoxifier (pitta-vata), promotes memory (vata); alterative, choleretic, digestive, decongestant (kapha), augments hemoglobin, ophthalmic (night blindness), emetic, purgative (pitta), diuretic–mild (kapha), broncho-dilation (kapha), chelation of heavy metals in liver (pitta), antioxidant, anti toxic; K= kapha vata shamaka (soothing), shotha hara (edema remover), vran shodhana (vrana means wounds, shodhana means cleansing), vran ropana, netra bala vardhaka (eye-vision strength increaser), kesya vardhaka ((keshya means head-hair – hair-growth stimulator), dipana (kindles agni - metabolic fire), pacana (pachana means burns ama-toxins), yakrt (liver is yakrita or yakruta in Sanskrit) vikar, nasaka (destroyer-remover), krumi hara (worms-parasite remover), rakta vardhaka (blood increaser), rasayana (rejuvenative-adaptogen); juice of the leaves is hepatic tonic and deobstruent, root is tonic and alterative, alcoholic extract antiviral against Ranikhet disease virus
Indications: insomnia (vata), delusion (kapha), illusion (vata), confusion (kapha), hair loss (pitta-vata), bronchitis (kapha-pitta), bronchial asthma (kapha-vata), anemia (vata-kapha), edema (kapha), alopecia (pitta), dandruff (vata), dandritis (pitta-vata), CFS (chronic fatigue immune deficiency syndrome - CFIDS - vata-pitta in liver and kidneys), sexual debility vata-kapha), insomnia (vata), Alzheimer’s (vata), hypertension (kapha or pitta), glaucoma (kapha), kidney stones (kapha), GB stones (kapha-pitta), fibrocystic breasts (kapha-vata), grand-mal and petit mal epilepsy (vata), liver toxicity (pitta), Kapoor says it is tonic (vata) deobstruent in hepatic (pitta) and splenomegaly (pitta-kapha) and skin diseases (pitta), the leaf juice boiled with sesame or coconut oil for black and luxuriant hair, fresh juice of leaves for fever (ama jvara), dropsy (hydrops - obsolete term used to describe heart failure [kapha], chronic renal disease [kapha], and other fluid-retaining [kapha] states), liver disorders (pitta), rheumatism (ama-vata), as paste of herb mixed with sesame oil for glandular swellings (kapha in rasa dhatu), elephantiasis (kapha), skin diseases (pitta), headache (vata or vata-pitta) and toothache (vata)
Contraindications / Cautions: fresh juice is used as it loses some of its qualities-properties in boiling / decoction
Affinity (Srotas-Gamitva - Tissue-Organ connection) : asthi (osseous tissue - bone - kapha site), rakta (red blood - pitta site), meda (adipose tissue - fat - kapha site); hair (mala-waste product of asthi dhatu); eyes (alochaka pitta site - related to liver), head (shiro), intestines (pakvashaya - vata home site, and kshudradram - pitta home site), liver (yakrita - pitta site), spleen (pliha - kapha site)
Working With Bhringaraja Eclipta alba Compositae
Sources: Gogte, Nadkarni, Kapoor, Paranjpe
Make a paste (lepa) and apply to wounds, filariasis, glands, and chronic ulcers; paste with sesame oil on glandular swellings, elephantiasis, skin diseases
Drops of the juice may be put into eyes and ears for conjunctivitis and earaches.
Drops of juice for toothache
Juice applied to the hair turns greying hair black.
Juice applied to the head/scalp relieves headache. For migraine use drops of juice and goat’s milk nasally.
Juice cooked with sesame oil or coconut oil applied to scalp for beautiful hair
Main action is on digestion, liver, spleen, eyes, and hair—
N/S: Works as an analgesic on the central nervous system, and improves eyesight (myopia, night blindness);
D/S: Digestive and ama pacana; aids flow of liver bile (often combined with ajamoda/ajvain seeds); fresh juice for fevers, dropsy, liver disorders, rheumatism
C/S: Purifies blood, increases blood, reduces blood pressure
Rp/S: Spermatogenic (eat seeds)
Some Preparations: As a rasayana / rejuvenator: take drops of juice (8ml) daily and remain on a diet predominantly of milk for one month; 1gm powdered leaves, 3gm honey, 5gm rock candy, 6gm ghee; juice taken with black pepper relieves anemia Bhringaraja tailam as hair tonic, hair loss, greying of hair
Han Lian Cao eclipta Sweet, Sour, Cool KD, Liver 1) Nourishes and tonifies the Liver and KD yin Bh¶¥gar±ja Eclipta alba han4 lian2 cao3 (p. 365) Compositae
2) Cools the blood and stops bleeding
Han Lian Cao eclipta Herba Ecliptae Prostratae Bh¶¥gar±ja Eclipta alba han4 lian2 cao3 (p. 365) Compositae
Properties: Sweet, Sour, Cool
Meridians entered: KD and Liver
Actions: 1) Nourishes and tonifies the Liver and KD yin (Liver/KD yin xu with dizziness, blurred vision, vertigo, premature greying of the hair). 2) Cools the blood and stops bleeding (yin xu patterns with bleeding due to heat in the blood: vomiting/coughing blood, nosebleed, bloody stools, uterine bleeding, especially bloody urine).
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