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bodhisattvacharyavatara [2018/02/26 18:10] (current)
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 +{{buddhism}}
 +The '''''​Bodhisattvacharyāvatāra'''''​ or '''''​Bodhicaryāvatāra''''',​ sometimes translated into English as ''​A Guide to the [[Bodhisattva|Bodhisattva'​s]] Way of Life'',​ is a famous [[Mahāyāna]] [[Buddhism|Buddhist]] text written c. 700 AD in Sanskrit verse by [[Shantideva]] (Śāntideva),​ a Buddhist monk at [[Nālandā]] Monastic University in India. ​ It has ten chapters dedicated to the development of [[bodhicitta]] (the mind of enlightenment) through the practice of the [[paramitas|six perfections]] (''​Skt.''​ Pāramitās). The text begins with a chapter describing the benefits of the wish to reach enlightenment. ​ The sixth chapter on the Pāramitā of patience (''​Skt.''​ [[Kshanti|{{IAST|Kṣānti}}]],​ kshanti) is considered by many Buddhists to be the pinnacle of writing on this subject and is the source of numerous quotations attributed to Śāntideva. Tibetan scholars consider the ninth "​Wisdom"​ chapter to be one of the most succinct expositions of the [[Madhyamaka]] view. The tenth chapter is used as one of the most popular Mahāyāna prayers.  ​
 +
 +Many [[Tibetan Buddhism|Tibetan]] scholars have written commentaries on this text.
 +
 +==Chapter summary==
 +
 +* 1. The benefits of bodhicitta (the wish to reach full enlightenment for others)
 +* 2. Purifying bad deeds
 +* 3. Adopting the spirit of enlightenment
 +* 4. Using conscientiousness
 +* 5. Guarding awareness
 +* 6. The practice of patience
 +* 7. The practice of joyous effort
 +* 8. The practice of meditative concentration
 +* 9. The perfection of wisdom
 +* 10. Dedication
 +
 +==Exegetical discourse and commentary==
 +Many [[Tibetan Buddhism|Tibetan]] scholars, such as Ju Mipham, have written commentaries on this text.
 +
 +===Mipham'​s ''​Commentary''​ to Chapter Nine===
 +Pettit (1999: p.&​nbsp;​129) holds that '​[[apperception]]'​ (Wylie: rang rig) is key to [[Jamgon Ju Mipham Gyatso|Mipham'​s]] (1846–1912) system of [[epistemology]] and [[hermeneutics]] and that apperception is central to his commentary to the ninth chapter of the ''​Bodhisattvacaryāvatāra''​.<​ref>​{{Citation
 +  | last = Pettit
 +  | first = John Whitney
 +  | title = Mipham'​s Beacon of Certainty: Illuminating the View of Dzogchen, the Great Perfection
 +  | publisher = Wisdom Publications ​
 +  | year = 1999
 +  | location = Boston
 +  | isbn = 0861711572
 +  | pages = 129}}</​ref>​
 +
 +==Translations==
 +
 +*{{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva ​
 +  | last2 = 
 +  | first2 = 
 +  | author2-link = 
 +  | title = Santideva'​s Bodhicharyavatara:​ Original Sanskrit text with English translation and exposition based on Prajnakarmati'​s Panjika ​
 +  | place = Delhi 
 +  | publisher = Aditya Prakashan
 +  | year = 1990
 +  | edition = 
 +  | isbn = 818517914X}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | last2 = Batchelor
 +  | first2 = Stephen (trans)
 +  | author2-link = Stephen Batchelor
 +  | title = A Guide to the Bodhisattva'​s Way of Life
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Snow Lion Publications
 +  | year = 1992
 +  | edition = 6th Revised ​
 +  | isbn = 8185102597}}
 +*{{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | last2 = Berzin
 +  | first2 = Alexander
 +  | author2-link = Alexander Berzin (scholar) ​
 +  | title = Engaging in Bodhisattva Behavior
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = 
 +  | year = 
 +  | volume = 
 +  | edition = 
 +  | url = http://​www.berzinarchives.com/​web/​x/​nav/​group.html_1487505749.html
 +  | doi = 
 +  | id = 
 +  | isbn = }}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | last2 = Crosby
 +  | first2 = Kate (trans.)
 +  | author2-link = 
 +  | last3 = Skilton
 +  | first3 = Andrew (trans.)
 +  | author3-link = 
 +  | title = The Bodhicaryavatara:​ A Guide to the Buddhist Path to Awakening ​
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Oxford ​
 +  | year = 1998
 +  | isbn = 1899579494}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | last2 = Gyatso ​
 +  | first2 = Kelsang
 +  | author2-link =Geshe Kelsang Gyatso ​
 +  | title = Guide to the Bodhisattva'​s Way of Life
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Tharpa
 +  | year = 
 +  | volume = 
 +  | edition = 
 +  | url = 
 +  | doi = 
 +  | id = 
 +  | isbn = 0948006897}}
 +*{{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | author2 = Sazang Mati Panchen
 +  | author2-link = Sabzang Mati Panchen
 +  | author3 = Kalsang Gyaltsen (trans)
 +  | author4 = Ani Kunga Chodron (trans)
 +  | title = Bodisattvacharyavatara:​ Engaging in the Conduct of the Bodhisattvas:​ with the commentary of Sazang Mati Panchen (2 vol.)
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Tsechen Kunchab Ling 
 +  | year = 2006
 +  | volume = 
 +  | edition = 
 +  | isbn = }}
 +*{{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | last2 =  Matics ​
 +  | first2 = Marion L.
 +  | author2-link = 
 +  | title =  Entering the Path of Enlightenment:​ The Bodhicaryavatara of Santideva
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = George Allen & Unwin
 +  | year = 1972
 +  | volume = 
 +  | edition = Collection of representative works: Indian series / Unesco
 +  | url = 
 +  | doi = 
 +  | id = 
 +  | isbn =0042940729 }}
 +*{{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | author2 = Padmakara Translation Group
 +  | author2-link = 
 +  | title = The Way of the Bodhisattva ​
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Shambhala
 +  | year = 2006
 +  | edition = Revised ​
 +  | isbn = 1590303881}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author= Shantideva
 +  | author-link = Shantideva
 +  | last2 = Wallace
 +  | first2 = Vesna A. (trans)
 +  | last3 = Wallace
 +  | first3 = B. Alan (trans)
 +  | author3-link = 
 +  | title = A Guide to the Bodhisattva Way of Life
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Snow Lion Publications
 +  | year = 1997
 +  | volume = 
 +  | edition = 
 +  | url = 
 +  | doi = 
 +  | id = 
 +  | isbn = 1559390611
 +  | authorlink2 = }}
 +
 +===Commentaries & Studies in English===
 +
 +* {{Citation
 +  | last =  Brassard ​
 +  | first =Francis ​
 +  | title = The Concept of Bodhicitta in Santideva'​s Bodhicaryavatara
 +  | series = History of religions
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = State University of New York (SUNY) Press 
 +  | year = 2000
 +  | isbn = 0791445755}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author= Dalai Lama, XIV 
 +  | author-link = 14th Dalai Lama
 +  | author2 = Padmakara Translation Group
 +  | title = A Flash Lightning in the Dark of Night: Guide to the Bodhisattva'​s Way of Life 
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Shambhala
 +  | year = 1994
 +  | edition = 1st 
 +  | isbn = 0877739714}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author= Dalai Lama, XIV 
 +  | author-link = 14th Dalai Lama
 +  | author2 = Geshe Thupten Jinpa (trans & ed)
 +  | title = Practicing Wisdom: The Perfection of Shantideva'​s Bodhisattva Way
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Wisdom Publications,​U.S
 +  | year = 2004
 +  | edition =  ​
 +  | isbn = 0861711823}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author = Geshe Yeshe Topden ​
 +  | author-link = 
 +  | title = The Way of Awakening: A Commentary on Shantideva'​s Bodhicharyavatara
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Wisdom Publications,​U.S
 +  | year = 2005
 +  | isbn = 0861714946}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | last = Gyatso
 +  | first = Kelsang
 +  | author-link = Geshe Kelsang Gyatso
 +  | title = Meaningful to Behold: View, meditation and action in Mahayana Buddhism : an oral commentary to Shantideva'​s A guide to the Bodhisattva'​s way of life 
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Wisdom Publications
 +  | year = 1980
 +  | isbn = 0861710037}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author = Khenchen Kunzang Pelden ​
 +  | author-link = 
 +  | author2 = Padmakara Translation Group
 +  | author2-link = 
 +  | title = The Nectar of Manjushri'​s Speech: A Detailed Commentary on Shantideva'​s Way of the Bodhisattva
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Shambhala
 +  | year = 2008
 +  | volume = 
 +  | edition = 
 +  | url = 
 +  | doi = 
 +  | id = 
 +  | isbn = 159030439X}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | author = Khenchen Kunzang Pelden ​
 +  | author-link = 
 +  | author2 = Minyak Kunzang Sonam 
 +  | author2-link = 
 +  | author3 = Padmakara Translation Group  ​
 +  | title = Wisdom: Two Buddhist Commentaries on the Ninth Chapter of Shantideva'​s Bodhicharyravatara
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = 
 +  | year = 
 +  | volume = 
 +  | edition = 
 +  | url = 
 +  | doi = 
 +  | id = 
 +  | isbn = }}
 +*{{Citation
 +  | author = Khenchen Thrangu Rinpoche ​
 +  | author-link = Thrangu Rinpoche
 +  | last2 = Holmes
 +  | first2 = Ken  (trans)
 +  | last3 = Doctor
 +  | first3 = Thomas (trans)
 +  | title = A Guide to the Bodhisattva'​s Way of Life of Shantideva
 +  | place = Kathmandu
 +  | publisher = Namo Buddha Seminar
 +  | year = 2001
 +  | id = ASIN: B000UO76C6
 +  | isbn = }}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | last = Williams ​
 +  | first = Paul
 +  | author-link = 
 +  | title = Altruism and Reality: Studies in the Philosophy of the Bodhicaryavatara
 +  | series = Routledge Curzon Critical Studies in Buddhism ​
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Routledge Curzon
 +  | year = 1997
 +  | edition = 
 +  | isbn = 0700710310}}
 +* {{Citation
 +  | last = Williams ​
 +  | first = Paul
 +  | author-link = 
 +  | title = The Reflexive Nature of Awareness (Rang Rig): Tibetan Madhyamaka Defence
 +  | series = Routledge Curzon Critical Studies in Buddhism ​
 +  | place = 
 +  | publisher = Routledge Curzon
 +  | year = 1997
 +  | edition = 1st
 +  | isbn = 0700710302}}
 +
 +==References==
 +{{reflist}}
 +
 +==External links==
 +*[http://​www.buddhanet.net/​pdf_file/​bodhic01.pdf The Bodhicaryavatara] at [http://​www.buddhanet.net/​ BuddhaNet]
 +*[http://​www.berzinarchives.com/​web/​x/​pdf/?​type=pdf&​book=true&​path=/​web/​x/​prn/​p.html_1487505749.html&​__locale=en Engaging in Bodhisattva Behavior - Shantideva english pdf] at [http://​www.berzinarchives.com/​ The Berzin Archives]
 +*[http://​www.shantideva.net/​ Shantideva Online]
 +*[http://​www.lotsawahouse.org/​bodhicharyavatara.html Bodhicharyavatara Series - Lotsawa House]
 +*[http://​www.kunpal.com/​ Translation of five chapters of a famous Tibetan commentary by Khenpo Kunpal]
 +*[http://​indica-et-buddhica.org/​sections/​repositorium-preview/​materials/​santideva/​digital-texts/​bodhicaryavatara-sanskrit-digital-text Bodhicaryavatara:​ Sanskrit]
 +*[http://​nkt-kmc-manjushri.org/​books/​gbsl Extract from the Benefits of Bodhichitta (Chapter One)] by [[Geshe Kelsang Gyatso]] and Neil Elliott
 +
 +{{Buddhism topics}}
 +
 +{{DEFAULTSORT:​Bodhisattvacaryavatara}}
 +[[Category:​Mahayana texts]]
 +[[Category:​Tibetan Buddhist texts]]
 +
 +[[et:​Bodhitšarjāvatāra]]
 +[[es:​Bodhicaryavatara]]
 +[[fr:​Bodhicaryâvatâra]]
 +[[hr:​Bodhicaryavatara]]
 +[[nl:​Bodhicharyavatara]]
 +[[no:Veien til det oppvåknede liv]]
 +[[zh:​入菩薩行論]]
  
bodhisattvacharyavatara.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:10 (external edit)