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 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
 +[[Home]] | [[Clinic]] | [[Featured Content]] | [[Buddhist Ayurvedic Distance Learning |Distance Learning]] | [[About Us]] | [[Donate]] | [[Non-Profit]] | [[Recent Changes]] | Phone: 1-510-292-6696
 +Part of the List of [[Dharma Terms]] from the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] Course ([[SKT220]] ) on [[Sanskrit Terms]] of [[Ayurveda]] and [[Dharma]]
 +======= Chan School =======
 + ​[[Chan School]] ​
 +The [[Dharma]] [[banner]] is raised;
 +The [[school]]'​s purport is [[establish]]ed. ​
 +The [[Buddha]] very [[clear]]ly [[direct]]ed that it was to be at Cao Creek. ​
 +With [[Kashyap]]a,​ the [[first]], began the [[transmission]] of the lamp. 
 +[[Twenty]]-[[eight]] [[generation]]s were recorded in [[India]]. ​
 +The [[Dharma]] flowed [[east]] and [[enter]]ed this [[Land]] ([[China]]). ​
 +[[Bodhidharma]] was the [[First Patriarch]]. ​
 +The [[robe]] was [[transmit]]ted to the [[sixth]] [[generation]],​
 +as all the [[world]] has [[hear]]d. ​
 +How could one count the [[people]] who since then have [[realize]]d the [[way]]? ​
 +([[SE]] 56-60)
 +[[Chan]] is an abbreviation of [[Chan]]-na;​ the [[Chinese]] [[character]]s [[sound]]ed
 +slightly different in the past and were used to represent the [[sound]] of the
 +[[Sanskrit]] [[word]] '​[[Dhyana]]'​ (see [[Dhyana]]). The general [[meaning]] of [[Dhyana]] is
 +[[meditation]]. In the [[Chan School]] the [[practice]] of [[meditation]] is [[foremost]]. The
 +[[Japan]]ese pronounce the [[character]] [[Chan]] as '​[[Zen]]'​.
 +"The [[Chan School]] is [[foremost]] among the [[Five Schools of Buddhism]] in
 +that it [[transmit]]s the [[Buddha]]'​s [[Mind Seal]], pointing [[direct]]ly to the [[mind]] so
 +that one sees one's [[nature]] and [[become]]s a [[Buddha]]. When the [[Patriarch]]
 +[[Bodhidharma]] came from [[India]], he widely propagated its [[method]]. At that [[time]]
 +the [[practitioner]]s of [[Buddhism]] were still very enamored of the [[language]] of
 +[[Prajna]] (see listing), exerting their efforts in composition and phrasing,
 +vying to outdo one another. Even in lecturing on the [[Sutra]]s they argued over
 +each [[other]]'​s [[strong]] and [[weak]] points, and in [[speaking]] [[Dharma]] they would
 +[[praise]] themselves and deprecate [[other]]s. Different [[school]]s were set up, and
 +to do battle with [[word]]s was the mode of the [[time]]s. Some resorted to
 +indivi[[dualism]],​ and in an attempt to be unique, they set up theories that
 +were distinctly different from the main[[stream]],​ and they [[perfect]]ed the art of
 +unobstructed and clever [[debate]]. [[People]] wrote books and set up [[doctrine]]s,​
 +disparaging [[other]]s while advertising themselves. In this [[way]] they forsook
 +what was [[fundamental]] and pursued [[superficial]]ities;​ the theories of 
 +[[Teaching School]]s ([[Scholastic Buddhism]]) flourished widely.
 +"[The [[four]] main [[enlightened]] [[teacher]]s in [[China]] just prior to the introduction
 +of the [[Chan]] [[lineage]] were the [[Venerable]] [[Daosheng]],​ [[Vinaya]] [[Master]] Daoxun, the
 +[[Great]] [[Master]] Zhiyi, and the [[Venerable]] [[Dao Yuan]]. Each taught [[meditation]] in the
 +context of the [[teachings]] of his own [[school]].] When the [[Venerable]] [[Daosheng]]
 +(see [[Daosheng]]) was [[slander]]ed,​ he [[retreat]]ed to Tiger [[mountain]] and spoke
 +[[Dharma]] to the rocks. From this came the saying that even '​in[[sentient]] rocks
 +nodded their [[head]]s in agreement.'​ The [[Vinaya]] [[Master]] Daoxun hid his tracks on
 +[[Zhongnan]] [[mountain]],​ where he [[enjoy]]ed the [[food]]-[[offering]]s of the [[Gods]]. The
 +[[Great]] [[Master]] [[Zhi Zhe]] ("Wise One") (see *[[Zhi Zhe]]*) proclaimed the [[teachings]],​
 +and the [[Master]] of Lu [[mountain]] ([[Rev.]] [[Dao Yuan]]) propagated the [[Pure Land]]
 +[[method]]. Those to whom their [[teachings]] were [[transmit]]ted held them in esteem,
 +yet the [[scholar]]s were [[confuse]]d by them. Every[[body]] had a different opinion,
 +and [[people]] were at a [[loss]] as to which [[way]] to follow. Standing perplexed at
 +the [[cross]]roads,​ one didn't [[know]] which [[way]] to turn. Gazing out at the [[vast]]
 +ocean of different [[teachings]],​ one could only heave a big sigh.
 +"In [[light]] of such circumstances,​ the [[First Patriarch]] [[Bodhidharma]] made amends
 +for such biased [[teachings]] and [[patch]]ed up the [[flaw]]s. His [[compassion]]ate
 +[[instruction]]s were apart from [[speech]]; his [[teachings]] were not imparted through
 +[[word]]s. He taught that this [[mind]] of ours is none [[other]] than the [[Buddha]], that
 +the [[precious]] [[Pearl]] hidden within our [[robe]] is not some[[thing]] obtained from
 +[[outside]]. One only needs to [[concentrate]] one's [[energy]] and refine one's [[mind]] to
 +a single [[focus]], then:
 +One day suddenly all connects [[right]] through, and then the [[myriad]] [[substance]]s
 +are reached everywhere, whether [[external]] or [[internal]],​ fine or coarse. The
 +[[Great]] functioning of the entire [[substance]] of the [[enlightened]] [[mind]] is nowhere
 +without [[clarity]].
 +One [[become]]s open to the [[vast]] and [[ultimate]] [[enlightenment]],​ returns to the
 +[[source]] and plumbs the [[origin]]. At this [[time]] one can appreciate the [[subtle]]ty
 +behind this inter[[Chan]]ge:​ the [[World-Honored One]] held up a [[Flower]],
 +[[Maha]] [[Kashyapa]],​ the [[gold]]en-Hued Ascetic, smiled: [[origin]]ally it was like this!
 +"This [[method]] is one in which the [[Mind Seal]]s the [[mind]], a [[transmission]] [[outside]]
 +of the [[teachings]]. One takes one's own [[nature]] a[[cross]]. And after one has made
 +one's [[way]] a[[cross]] the [[river]] (of [[affliction]]s),​ one leaves the raft (of [[Dharma]])
 +behind. How can there be any[[thing]] else but this?" ([[WM]] 70-71)
 +"As to the [[Dharma]] of our [[sect]], when the [[Buddha]] ascended to his seat for the
 +last [[time]], he held up and showed to the [[Assembly]] a [[gold]]en [[Flower]] of
 +sandalwood, [[offer]]ed to him by the [[King]] of the [[eighteen]] [[Brahma]]lokas
 +([[Maha]][[Brahma]] [[deva]][[Raja]]). All men and [[Gods]] ([[deva]]s) who were [[present]] did not
 +[[understand]] the [[Buddha]]'​s ([[meaning]]). Only [[Maha]] [[Kashyapa]] (ac[[knowledge]]d it with
 +a) broad smile. Thereupon the [[World-Honored One]] declared to him: 'I have the
 +[[Treasure]] of the [[correct]] [[Dharma Eye]], [[Nirvana]]'​s [[wonderful]] [[mind]] and the
 +[[formless]] [[reality]] which I now [[transmit]] to you.' This was the [[transmission]]
 +[[outside]] the [[teaching]],​ which did not make use of [[scripture]]s and was the
 +[[Unsurpassed]] [[Dharma Door]] of [[direct]] [[realization]].
 +"Those who came afterwards got [[confuse]]d about it and ([[wrong]]ly) called it
 +[[Chan]] ([[Dhyana]] in [[Sanskrit]] and [[Zen]] in [[Japan]]ese). We should [[know]] that over
 +[[twenty]] [[kind]]s of [[Chan]] are enumerated in the [[Maha Prajna Paramita Sutra]], but
 +none of them is the final one.
 +The [[Chan]] of our [[sect]] does not set up (progressive) [[stage]]s and is, therefore,
 +the [[Unsurpassed]] one. (Its aim) is the [[direct]] [[realization]] leading to the
 +[[perception]] of the ([[self]]-)[[nature]] and [[attainment]] of [[Buddhahood]]. Therefore, it
 +has [[nothing]] to do with the sitting or not sitting in [[meditation]] during a
 +[[Chan]] week. However, on account of [[living beings]]'​ dull [[root]]s and due to their
 +numerous [[false]] [[thought]]s,​ ancient [[Master]]s devised expediencies to [[guide]] them.
 +Since the [[time]] of [[Maha]] [[Kashyapa]] up to now, there have been [[six]]ty to [[seven]]ty
 +[[generation]]s. In the Tang and [[Song]] dynasties (619-1278), the [[Chan]] [[sect]] [[spread]]
 +to every part of the [[country]],​ and how it prospered at the [[time]]! At [[present]]
 +it has reached the bottom of its decadence (and) only those [[Monasteries]] like
 +Jinshan, Gaomin and Bao[[Guan]] can still manage to [[present]] some [[appearance]].
 +This is why men of outstanding ability are now so rarely found and even the
 +[[Holding]] of [[Chan]] weeks has only a [[name]] but lacks its [[spirit]]."​ ([[Luk]], tr.
 +"​[[Master]] [[Hsu Yun]]'​s Discourses and [[Dharma]] [[word]]s,"​ [[Chan]] and [[Zen]] [[teachings]],​
 +Series One, 49-50)
 +"One sits (in [[meditation]]) to [[cultivate]] the [[Dharma]] of [[Chan]] inquiry in order
 +not to have any [[thought]]s. . . . That which is called the [[Buddha]] is not even
 +a single [[thought]] arising. But can you go without having a single [[thought]]
 +[[arise]]? As you sit there, you think of all sorts of [[thing]]s you don't
 +ordinarily think of, and a lot of long-forgotten circumstances that suddenly
 +pop up again in your [[mind]]. . . . Is that not having a single [[thought]] [[arise]]?
 +Of course not. How do you do it? There is no [[way]]. There is no [[way]] to keep a
 +single [[thought]] from arising--but you can keep a single [[thought]] from [[being]]
 +[[destroy]]ed. And if you [[prevent]] its [[destruct]]ion]],​ you'll keep it from arising.
 +. . . For example, in the one [[thought]],​ 'Who is [[mindful]] of the [[Buddha]]?',​ you
 +can keep the '​Who?'​ going non-stop. '​Who?'​ This is searching for the '​Who',​
 +not reciting '​Who?'​. As long as you keep searching, that single [[thought]]
 +isn't [[destroy]]ed,​ and therefore it won't [[arise]]. A single [[thought]] not arising
 +is the [[Buddha]].
 +"​That'​s the [[doctrine]] of the [[Chan School]]. If you can be such that not a
 +single [[thought]] is [[produce]]d or [[destroy]]ed,​ then the [[light]] of your [[wisdom]] will
 +[[appear]]."​ ([[LY]] II 15)
 +1) [[Chinese]]:​ [[Chan Zong]].
 +[[See Also]] [[Dzogchen]],​ [[Maha Mudra]], [[lineage]],​ [[Five Types of Buddhist Study and Practice]] -- [[meditation]],​ [[Maha]] [[Kashyapa]],​ [[Bodhidharma]],​ [[Hui Neng]], [[Clear Light]], [[Vipassana]],​ [[Shamatha]],​ [[Calm Abiding]], [[Wisdom]], [[Prajna Paramita]], [[Vajra Sutra]], [[Heart Sutra]], [[Shurangama Sutra]]
 +[[BTTS References]]:​ [[LY]] II 14-17; [[WM]] 70-73; [[SE]] 65-70.
 +List of [[Dharma Terms]] | [[Previous Term]] | [[Anuttara Samyak Sambodhi |Next Term]]
 +Return to the [[Buddhist Ayurveda Encyclopedia]] and 
 +[[Glossary of Dharma]] and [[Ayurvedic Terms]] | [[Recent Changes]]
 +====== Fair Use Bibliographic Sources ======
 +[[Fair Use]]: ​
 +Primary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Ron Epstein]], Ph.D, compiler, [[Buddhism A to Z]], Burlingame, [[California]],​ [[Buddhist Text Translation Society]], 2003, p. 
 +[[ISBN 0881393533]] ​ Paperback: 284 pages. ​ http://​ ​    ​ ​  
 +and many other sources (see [[Bibliography]]).
 +Primary Original Source: The [[Tripitaka]] of [[Sutra]], [[Shastra]] and [[Vinaya]] [[Dharma]] teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the [[India]]n [[Sanskrit]]- [[Siddham]],​ [[Chinese]],​ [[Tibetan]] and [[Japanese]] traditions of the [[Nalanda Tradition]] of ancient [[Nalanda University]]) of [[Shakyamuni Buddha]], and his [[Arya]] [[Sagely]] [[Bodhisattva]] [[Bhikshu]] [[Monk]] and [[Upasaka]] disciples.
 +These [[Good and Wise Advisors]] ([[Kaliyanamitra]]) [[Dharma Master]] teachers include [[Arya]] [[Venerable]]s [[Om Tare Tuttare Ture]] [[Om Ah Hum]] and [[Namo]] to [[Jivaka]], [[Charaka]],​ [[Lao Zi]] - [[Mahakashapa]],​ [[Ashwagosha]],​ [[Shantideva]] - [[Hui Neng]] - [[Shen Kai]] [[Sheng Ren Shr]], [[Bodhidharma]],​ the 16 [[Nalanda Acharyas]] 1. [[Nagarjuna]]-[[Manjushri]],​ 2. [[Arydeva]],​ 3. [[Buddhapalita]],​ 4. [[Bhavaviveka]],​ 5. [[Chandrakirti]] and [[Chandragomin]],​ 6. [[Shantideva]],​ 7. [[Shantarakshita]],​ 8. [[Kamalashila]],​ 9. [[Asanga]]-[[Maitreya]],​ 10. [[Vasubhandu]],​ 11. [[Dignaga]],​ 12. [[Dharmakirti]],​ 13. [[Vimuktisena]],​ 14. [[Haribhadra]],​ 15. [[Gunaprabha]],​ 16. [[Shakyaprabha]];​ [[Dharmarakshita]],​ [[Atisha]], [[Tsong Khapa]], [[Thogme Zangpo]], [[Nyingma]] [[Padmasambhava]],​ [[Yeshe Tsogyel]], [[Machig Lapdron]], [[Tilopa]], [[Naropa]], [[Milarepa]],​ [[Sakya Pandita]], [[Fazang]], [[Yunmen]], [[Nichiren]],​ [[Honen]], [[Shinran]],​ [[Kukai]], [[Dogen]], [[Hakuin]], [[Jamgon Kongtrul]], [[Nyingma]] [[Penor Rinpoche]], [[Bakula Rinpoche]], [[Dagri Rinpoche]], [[Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Lama Kongchog]], [[Longchen Rapjampa]] - [[Gosok Rinpoche]], [[Phabongkha Rinpoche]], [[Patrul Rinpoche]], [[Mingyur Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Ngwang Dakpa]], [[Geshe Sopa Rinpoche]], [[Garchen Rinpoche]], [[Karmapa]],​ [[Sakya Trizin]], [[Tenzin Gyatso]] the [[Dalai Lama]], [[Hsu Yun]], [[Hsuan Hua]], [[Lama Zopa Rinpoche]], [[Choden Rinpoche]], [[Ajahn Chah]], [[Seung Sahn]], [[Thich Nhat Hanh]], [[Ajahn Sumedho]], ​ [[S. N. Goenka]], [[Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha]], [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]]. And thanks to other [[modern day masters]]. ​ We consider them to be in accord with [[Tripitaka Master]] [[Hsuan Hua]]’s "​[[Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers]]"​
 +[[Nalanda Online University]]'​s teachings are based especially on the following [[Buddhist Scriptures]]:​ [[Lama]] [[Tsong Khapa]]'​s [[Lam Rim]], the Dharma Flower [[Lotus Sutra]], the [[Avatamsaka Sutra]], the [[Shurangama Sutra]], the [[Ksitigarbha Sutra]], the [[Bhaisajya Guru Sutra]], the [[Dharani Sutra]], the [[Vajra Sutra]], the [[Prajna Paramita]] Hridayam [[Heart Sutra]], the [[Vimalakirti Sutra]], the [[Sanghata Sutra]], the [[Sutra of Golden Light]], the [[Srimala Devi Sutra]], the [[Sutra in 42 Sections]], the [[Mahaparinirvana Sutra]], the [[Hui Neng Sutra]], [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Shastra on the Door to Understanding the Hundred Dharmas]], Maitreya'​s [[Ornament for Clear Realizations]] ([[Abhisamayalamkara]]),​ [[Chandrakirti]]'​s [[Supplement to Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way]] ([[Madhyamakavatara]]),​ [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Treasury of Manifest Knowledge]] ([[Abhidharmakosha]]) and the [[Tantra]]s and [[Mantra]]s of the [[Vajrayana]] the [[42 Hands and Eyes]], [[Guhyasamaja]],​ the [[Kalachakra]],​ the [[Vajrayogini]],​ the [[Heruka]], the [[Chakrasamvara]],​ the [[Chod]], the [[Hayagriva]],​ the [[Hevajra]],​ the [[Yamantaka]],​ the [[Kalarupa]],​ the [[Manjushri Nama Samgiti]], the [[Vajrakilaya]],​ the [[Vajrapani]],​ the [[Vajra Claws Dakini]], the [[Mahakala]],​ the [[Tara]], the [[White Umbrella Goddess]] ([[She Dan Do Bo Da La]]), [[Kirti Losang Trinle]]'​s [[Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra]], and [[Aku Sherab Gyatso]]'​s [[The Two Stages of the Guhyasamaja Tantra]] and their commentaries ([[shastra]]s) by the above Arya [[Tripitakacharya]] [[Dharma Master]]s.
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: The [[Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism]], 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://​
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, [[Digital Dictionary of Buddhism]] [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007:  Username is "​guest",​ with no password.
 +http://​​ddb - Based in large part on the [[Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms]] with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by [[Soothill]] and Hodous) Delhi, India: [[Motilal Banarsidass]],​ 1997.
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The [[Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen]], Boston, Massachusetts:​ [[Shambhala Publications]],​ 1991.  296 pages. ​ ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 ​ http://​,​
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Vaidya]] [[Vasant Lad]], [[Textbook of Ayurveda]], [[Ayurvedic Press]], 2002; 
 +[[Vasant Lad]], [[BAMS]], [[MAsc]], [[Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes]], [[Ayurvedic Institute]],​ 1994-2006; ​
 +NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under [[Shastra tradition]] and "​[[Fair Use]]" by an [[Anonymous]] [[Buddhist Monk]] [[Redactor]] (Compiler) of this Online [[Buddhist Encyclopedia]] Compilation) ​
 +====== Course Codes ======
 +[[Course Codes]] for the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning]] Program are as follows:
 +[[AYR108]] | [[HRB108]] | [[CLN301]] | [[HUM108]] | [[HIS108]] | [[YOG108]] | [[NUT108]] | [[AYR190]] | [[AYR220]] | [[AYR230]] | [[AYR240]] | [[AYR241]] | [[AYR250]] | [[AYR260]] | [[SKT108]] | [[SKT210]] |[[SKT220]] | [[SUT310]]
 +====== Technical Notes ======
 +See the [[Technical Notes]] please.
 +====== Contact Us ======
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 +[[Medicine King Bodhisattva]] [[Jeweled Ax Mantra]] 16 (Line 64 of the 
 +[[Great Compassion Mantra]] of [[Avalokiteshvara]]) of the [[42 Hands and Eyes Mantras]]: ​
 +[[Syi lu seng e mu chywe ye Nan Wei la ye Wei la ye Sa wa he]].
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chan_school.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:10 (external edit)