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copyleft [2016/02/02 14:51]
Dorjay Zopa
copyleft [2018/02/26 18:11] (current)
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-====== Copyleft is FREE ====== +== Copyleft is FREE ==
 Copyleft is a general method for making a program or other work free (such as [[Ayurveda Dharma]]), and requiring all modified and extended versions of the program or work of [[Ayurveda Dharma]] to be free as well. Copyleft is a general method for making a program or other work free (such as [[Ayurveda Dharma]]), and requiring all modified and extended versions of the program or work of [[Ayurveda Dharma]] to be free as well.
  
 The simplest way to make a program or work of [[Ayurveda Dharma]] free is to put it in the [[public domain]], uncopyrighted. This allows people to share the program and their improvements,​ if they are so minded. But it also allows uncooperative people to convert the program into proprietary software (http://​www.gnu.org/​philosophy/​categories.html#​ProprietarySoftware). They can make changes, many or few, and distribute the result as a proprietary product. People who receive the program in that modified form do not have the freedom that the original author gave them; the middleman has stripped it away. The simplest way to make a program or work of [[Ayurveda Dharma]] free is to put it in the [[public domain]], uncopyrighted. This allows people to share the program and their improvements,​ if they are so minded. But it also allows uncooperative people to convert the program into proprietary software (http://​www.gnu.org/​philosophy/​categories.html#​ProprietarySoftware). They can make changes, many or few, and distribute the result as a proprietary product. People who receive the program in that modified form do not have the freedom that the original author gave them; the middleman has stripped it away.
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 In the GNU project (http://​www.gnu.org/​gnu/​thegnuproject.html),​ our aim is to give all users the freedom to redistribute and change GNU software. If middlemen could strip off the freedom, we might have many users, but those users would not have freedom. So instead of putting GNU software in the public domain, we “copyleft” it. Copyleft says that anyone who redistributes the software or other work such as [[Ayurveda Dharma]], with or without changes, must pass along the freedom to further copy and change it. Copyleft guarantees that every user has freedom. In the GNU project (http://​www.gnu.org/​gnu/​thegnuproject.html),​ our aim is to give all users the freedom to redistribute and change GNU software. If middlemen could strip off the freedom, we might have many users, but those users would not have freedom. So instead of putting GNU software in the public domain, we “copyleft” it. Copyleft says that anyone who redistributes the software or other work such as [[Ayurveda Dharma]], with or without changes, must pass along the freedom to further copy and change it. Copyleft guarantees that every user has freedom.
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 Copyleft also provides an incentive (http://​www.gnu.org/​philosophy/​pragmatic.html) for other programmers or authors to add to free software, free documentation or free [[Ayurveda Dharma]]. Important free programs such as the GNU C++ compiler exist only because of this. Copyleft also provides an incentive (http://​www.gnu.org/​philosophy/​pragmatic.html) for other programmers or authors to add to free software, free documentation or free [[Ayurveda Dharma]]. Important free programs such as the GNU C++ compiler exist only because of this.
  
 Copyleft also helps programmers or other content developers and redactors who want to contribute improvements (http://​www.gnu.org/​prep/​tasks.html) to free software (http://​www.gnu.org/​philosophy/​free-sw.html) get permission to do that. These programmers often work for companies or universities that would do almost anything to get more money. A programmer may want to contribute her changes to the community, but her employer may want to turn the changes into a proprietary software product. Copyleft also helps programmers or other content developers and redactors who want to contribute improvements (http://​www.gnu.org/​prep/​tasks.html) to free software (http://​www.gnu.org/​philosophy/​free-sw.html) get permission to do that. These programmers often work for companies or universities that would do almost anything to get more money. A programmer may want to contribute her changes to the community, but her employer may want to turn the changes into a proprietary software product.
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 When we explain to the employer that it is illegal to distribute the improved version except as free software, the employer usually decides to release it as free software rather than throw it away. When we explain to the employer that it is illegal to distribute the improved version except as free software, the employer usually decides to release it as free software rather than throw it away.
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 To copyleft a program, we first state that it is copyrighted;​ then we add distribution terms, which are a legal instrument that gives everyone the rights to use, modify, and redistribute the program'​s code or any program derived from it but only if the distribution terms are unchanged. Thus, the code and the freedoms become legally inseparable. To copyleft a program, we first state that it is copyrighted;​ then we add distribution terms, which are a legal instrument that gives everyone the rights to use, modify, and redistribute the program'​s code or any program derived from it but only if the distribution terms are unchanged. Thus, the code and the freedoms become legally inseparable.
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 Proprietary software developers use copyright to take away the users' freedom; we use copyright to guarantee their freedom. That's why we reverse the name, changing “copyright” into “copyleft.” Proprietary software developers use copyright to take away the users' freedom; we use copyright to guarantee their freedom. That's why we reverse the name, changing “copyright” into “copyleft.”
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 Copyleft is a way of using of the copyright on the program. It doesn'​t mean abandoning the copyright; in fact, doing so would make copyleft impossible. The word “left” in “copyleft” is not a reference to the verb “to leave” — only to the direction which is the inverse of “right”. Copyleft is a way of using of the copyright on the program. It doesn'​t mean abandoning the copyright; in fact, doing so would make copyleft impossible. The word “left” in “copyleft” is not a reference to the verb “to leave” — only to the direction which is the inverse of “right”.
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 Copyleft is a general concept, and you can't use a general concept directly; you can only use a specific implementation of the concept. In the GNU Project, the specific distribution terms that we use for most software or other creative projects are contained in the GNU General Public License (available in HTML (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​gpl.html),​ text, and Texinfo format). The GNU General Public License is often called the GNU GPL for short. There is also a Frequently Asked Questions (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​gpl-faq.html) page about the GNU GPL. You can also read about why the FSF gets copyright assignments from contributors (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​why-assign.html). Copyleft is a general concept, and you can't use a general concept directly; you can only use a specific implementation of the concept. In the GNU Project, the specific distribution terms that we use for most software or other creative projects are contained in the GNU General Public License (available in HTML (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​gpl.html),​ text, and Texinfo format). The GNU General Public License is often called the GNU GPL for short. There is also a Frequently Asked Questions (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​gpl-faq.html) page about the GNU GPL. You can also read about why the FSF gets copyright assignments from contributors (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​why-assign.html).
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 An alternate form of copyleft, the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) (available in HTML, text, and Texinfo format), applies to a few (but not all) GNU libraries. To learn more about properly using the LGPL, please read the article Why you shouldn'​t use the Lesser GPL for your next library. An alternate form of copyleft, the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) (available in HTML, text, and Texinfo format), applies to a few (but not all) GNU libraries. To learn more about properly using the LGPL, please read the article Why you shouldn'​t use the Lesser GPL for your next library.
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 The GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) (available in HTML) (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​fdl.html),​ text and Texinfo) is a form of copyleft intended for use on a manual, textbook or other document to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifications,​ either commercially or noncommercially. The GNU Free Documentation License (FDL) (available in HTML) (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​fdl.html),​ text and Texinfo) is a form of copyleft intended for use on a manual, textbook or other document to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifications,​ either commercially or noncommercially.
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 [[Ayurveda Dharma]] is distributed via this [[GNU Free Documentation License]] (FDL) and/or under Creative Commons http://​creativecommons.org/​licenses/​by-sa/​3.0/​us/​legalcode [[Creative Commons License]]. [[Ayurveda Dharma]] is distributed via this [[GNU Free Documentation License]] (FDL) and/or under Creative Commons http://​creativecommons.org/​licenses/​by-sa/​3.0/​us/​legalcode [[Creative Commons License]].
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 The appropriate license is included in many manuals and in each GNU source code distribution. The appropriate license is included in many manuals and in each GNU source code distribution.
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 All these licenses are designed so that you can easily apply them to your own works, assuming you are the copyright holder. You don't have to modify the license to do this, just include a copy of the license in the work, and add notices in the source files that refer properly to the license. All these licenses are designed so that you can easily apply them to your own works, assuming you are the copyright holder. You don't have to modify the license to do this, just include a copy of the license in the work, and add notices in the source files that refer properly to the license.
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 Using the same distribution terms for many different programs makes it easy to copy code between various different programs. Since they all have the same distribution terms, there is no need to think about whether the terms are compatible. The Lesser GPL includes a provision that lets you alter the distribution terms to the ordinary GPL, so that you can copy code into another program covered by the GPL. Using the same distribution terms for many different programs makes it easy to copy code between various different programs. Since they all have the same distribution terms, there is no need to think about whether the terms are compatible. The Lesser GPL includes a provision that lets you alter the distribution terms to the ordinary GPL, so that you can copy code into another program covered by the GPL.
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 If you would like to copyleft your program with the GNU GPL or the GNU LGPL, please see the license instructions page (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​gpl-howto.html) for advice. Please note that you must use the entire text of our licenses, if you use one. Each is an integral whole, and partial copies are not permitted. If you would like to copyleft your program with the GNU GPL or the GNU LGPL, please see the license instructions page (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​gpl-howto.html) for advice. Please note that you must use the entire text of our licenses, if you use one. Each is an integral whole, and partial copies are not permitted.
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 If you would like to copyleft your manual with the GNU FDL, please see the instructions at the end (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​fdl.html#​SEC4) of the FDL text, and the GFDL instructions page (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​fdl-howto.html). Again, partial copies are not permitted. If you would like to copyleft your manual with the GNU FDL, please see the instructions at the end (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​fdl.html#​SEC4) of the FDL text, and the GFDL instructions page (http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​fdl-howto.html). Again, partial copies are not permitted.
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 Source Adapted from: http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​copyleft.html Source Adapted from: http://​www.gnu.org/​copyleft/​copyleft.html
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-[[Fair Use]] 
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-Free [[MP3]] [[Ayurveda Audio Recordings]] of [[Clinical]] [[Ayurvedic Consultations]] with real live [[Ayurveda patients]]: 
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-Visit here for the latest search of the free [[donation-based]] [[Clinical Apprenticeship]] Courses 
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-[[AHAI]] [[Ayurvedic Course Codes]] [[CLN301]] 
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-http://​www.archive.org/​search.php?​query=CLN301 
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-Free [[MPEG Hi-Def]] [[Ayurveda Video Recordings]] of [[Clinical]] [[Ayurvedic Seminars]]: 
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-Visit here for the latest search of the free [[donation-based]] [[Ayurvedic Diseases]] Diagnosis and Treatment Theory Courses ​ 
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-[[AHAI]] [[Ayurvedic Course Codes]] [[AYR220]] 
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-http://​www.archive.org/​search.php?​query=AYR220 
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 [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning Programs]] - [[Ayurveda Correspondence Courses]] [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning Programs]] - [[Ayurveda Correspondence Courses]]
  
-http://​Ayurveda-TCM.com/​ayurvedic-chinese-medicine-distance-learning 
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-http://​CorrespondenceCourse.Ayurveda-DistanceLearning.com 
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-http://​www.Ayurveda-School.net ​ |  http://​www.BhaisajyaGuru.com 
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 [[Vajra Yogini Acupuncture Center]] and [[Earth Treasury Ayurveda Center]]: [[Vajra Yogini Acupuncture Center]] and [[Earth Treasury Ayurveda Center]]:
 http://​Distance-Learning.Ayurveda-Acupuncture.com http://​Distance-Learning.Ayurveda-Acupuncture.com
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copyleft.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:11 (external edit)