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Part of the List of Dharma Terms from the Buddhist Ayurveda Course (SKT220 ) on Sanskrit Terms of Ayurveda and Dharma


Eightfold Path
1. Right View

“1) Right Views refers to understanding of the Four Noble Truths. It also can refer to insight into the nature of the Dharma Body of the Buddhas. Right Views “refers to your manner of regarding something, your mental outlook and your opinions, not to what you view with your eyes. You practice the non-Outflow conduct (Three Non-Outflow Studies) in contemplating yourself. Your own views and understanding must be Proper.” (AS 125)

2. Right Thought

2) Right Thought means freedom from mental attachments, to have renounced thoughts of hatred and harm. It can also refer to the purification of the mind so that one no longer has any polluted thinking. It is sometimes translated 'right Resolve' or 'right aspirations,' indicating the importance of mental intention. “If it is not in accord with propriety, don't listen to it. Why would you think about it? Because you listened to it.” (DFS IV 663)

3. Right Speech

3) Right Speech means always speaking the Truth,avoiding false speech, divisive speech, harsh speech, and frivolous speech. Right Speech also means that because one realizes the emptiness of all Dharmas, one can Resolve all disputes.

“If it is not in accord with propriety, don't talk about it. Don't gossip.” (DFS IV 663)

“If someone speaks improperly to you, you should think of it as Proper. This is the pure karma of speech. worldly people are of many kinds, and when they speak improperly, do not criticize them saying, 'Ah! He's speaking incorrectly!' On the other hand, be careful not to get too close to such people either.” (AS 125-126)

4. Right Conduct

4) Right Conduct means that one does not take life, steal, or engage in sexual misconduct.

“If it is not in accord with propriety, don't do it. Don't do deviant things like going into the gambling business and developing spiritual powers in the numbers racket. That's deviant action. “What is right action? Sitting in meditation without any false thinking. studying the Buddha Dharma. That is the most Proper form of action. ”'But,' you ask, 'if I study the Buddha Dharma, where will I get food to eat?'

“You shouldn't worry about that. If you study well, you will naturally have food to eat.” (DFS IV 664)

Proper action refers to pure bodily karma. Use non-Outflow wisdom to discard improper bodily karma, specifically sexual desire (kama raga). I can't make it clear; I can't say it frankly. Many people say, 'Oh well, emptiness is form, and form is emptiness,' and they casually play around. That is improper action.” (AS 126)

5. Right Livelihood

5) Right Livelihood refers to having a correct lifestyle or way of life. One is content and has few wishes. Oneavoids karmically unwholesome occupations such as selling alcohol or drugs, selling firearms, being a butcher, or doing fortune-telling. It also refers to one's way of reLating to others. For example, you should not dress or act eccentrically to call attention to yourself. You should not praise yourself, calling attention to your good deeds. You should not act in a loud or overbearing manner.

“'Look at me,' says the Great Vehicle monk dressed in Small Vehicle (Lesser Vehicle) robes. 'I'm special. You should make offerings to me.'

“`He's special,' say the blind followers. 'He's probably a Buddha or a Bodhisattva,' taking the gaudy rick-rack for a Treasure.” (AS 126)

6. Right Effort

6) Right Effort means you should be vigorous in your practice, always thinking, saying, and doing what is right and not what is improper. “Strangely enough, if you chat with someone, the more you chat, the more energy you have–talking, talking, too much talking. But of what use is all your vigorous talking? It's improper vigor.” (AS 127)

“What is deviant vigor? deviant Dharmas harm other people. Those who cultivate deviant Dharmas work very hard in the six periods of the day and night, Cultivating all kinds of ascetic practices. Nevertheless, their ascetic practices are not beneficial. They may imitate the behavior of cows or of dogs, or practice being like chickens. They may imitate cows, eat grass, and say they are being vigorous because cows eat grass all day long. This happens because they saw that a cow was born in the heavens. They didn't realize it was because of the Merit and virtue accrued from acts which the cow had performed in previous lives. They thought the cow had been born in the heavens because it ate grass! And so they take a cow for their Teacher. The cow has no understanding of Dharma whatsoever, and so studying with a cow is called improper vigor.” (DFS IV 665)

Right Vigor means to cultivate according to the Buddha Dharma. One should not cultivate Dharmas which the Buddha did not teach. That is called offering up your conduct in accord with the Buddha's instructions. right vigor means vigor with the body and vigor with the mind. mental vigor means recollecting the Three Jewels and not neglecting them for an instant. vigor with the body means putting the teachings into actual practice. . . . “ (DFS IV 666)

7. Right Mindfulness

7) ”. This means mindfulness of the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha (see Three Jewels). deviant mindfulness means mindfulness of deviant views, prejudiced views, love and emotion. deviant mindfulness means always thinking about yourself first.“ (DFS IV 666)

8. Right Concentration

8) Right Concentration refers to taking leave of one's desires and of unwholesome Dharmas and then entering the first and those succeeding (see Four Dhyanas) in the correct fashion. ”Right Concentration is the opposite of deviant concentration. What is Deviant]] concentration? It's concentration that is an attachment, that you can't let go of. For example, some people like to drink, and although you tell them not to, they continue to drink with Great concentration because they have deviant concentration. Or some people like to take drugs. The more they take, the stupider they get. When you tell them not to, they say 'I can get enlightened taking this stuff. When I take this, things really start happening. I go through Changes. I see and hear differently. The world becomes adorned with the seven Jewels. Isn't that a state?' It's deviant concentration, that's what it is! For example, one person came here to listen to a lecture, but not a word could get in because he had his deviant concentration going, and he was very attached: 'I'm right! I can't listen to you!' That's deviant, knowledge, deviant views, and deviant concentration. “Then what is Right Concentration? Right Concentration is the cultivation of the Four Dhyanas and the eight Samadhis. Don't have a self at all. cultivate these Dharmas, but forget your 'self'. If you have forgotten your 'self', how could you still keep on drinking]], taking drugs, and indulging yourself? Everyone looks for advantages for themselves, but people who cultivate . . . forget about advantages. That's Right Concentration.” (DFS IV 669-670)

1) Chinese: , , 2) Sanskrit: (), 3) Pali (), 4) Alternate translations: Proper Eightfold Path, eight Sagely way Shares; Aryan Eightfold Path.

See Also: Four Noble Truths, Four Applications of Mindfulness, mindfulness, Samadhi.

BTTS References: HS 87-88, DFS IV 663-670; AS 125-128.


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Fair Use Bibliographic Sources

Fair Use: Primary Fair Use Compilation Source: Ron Epstein, Ph.D, compiler, Buddhism A to Z, Burlingame, California, Buddhist Text Translation Society, 2003, p. ISBN 0881393533 Paperback: 284 pages. http://www.BTTSOnline.org www.Amazon.com http://www.bttsonline.org/product.aspx?pid=118 http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0881393533/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20 and many other sources (see Bibliography).

Primary Original Source: The Tripitaka of Sutra, Shastra and Vinaya Dharma teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the Indian Sanskrit- Siddham, Chinese, Tibetan and Japanese traditions of the Nalanda Tradition of ancient Nalanda University) of Shakyamuni Buddha, and his Arya Sagely Bodhisattva Bhikshu Monk and Upasaka disciples.

These Good and Wise Advisors (Kaliyanamitra) Dharma Master teachers include Arya Venerables Om Tare Tuttare Ture Om Ah Hum and Namo to Jivaka, Charaka, Lao Zi - Mahakashapa, Ashwagosha, Shantideva - Hui Neng - Shen Kai Sheng Ren Shr, Bodhidharma, the 16 Nalanda Acharyas 1. Nagarjuna-Manjushri, 2. Arydeva, 3. Buddhapalita, 4. Bhavaviveka, 5. Chandrakirti and Chandragomin, 6. Shantideva, 7. Shantarakshita, 8. Kamalashila, 9. Asanga-Maitreya, 10. Vasubhandu, 11. Dignaga, 12. Dharmakirti, 13. Vimuktisena, 14. Haribhadra, 15. Gunaprabha, 16. Shakyaprabha; Dharmarakshita, Atisha, Tsong Khapa, Thogme Zangpo, Nyingma Padmasambhava, Yeshe Tsogyel, Machig Lapdron, Tilopa, Naropa, Milarepa, Sakya Pandita, Kumarajiva, Xuan Zang, Baozhi, Hui Yuan, Daosheng, Changzhi, Fazang, Han Shan, Shi De, Yunmen, Nichiren, Honen, Shinran, Kukai, Dogen, Hakuin, Jamgon Kongtrul, Nyingma Penor Rinpoche, Bakula Rinpoche, Dagri Rinpoche, Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche, Geshe Lama Kongchog, Longchen Rapjampa - Gosok Rinpoche, Phabongkha Rinpoche, Patrul Rinpoche, Tenzin Gyatso the Dalai Lama, Sakya Trizin, Hsu Yun, Hsuan Hua, Lama Zopa Rinpoche, Choden Rinpoche, Garchen Rinpoche, Karmapa, Mingyur Rinpoche, Geshe Ngwang Dakpa, Geshe Sopa Rinpoche, Seung Sahn, Thich Nhat Hanh, Ajahn Chah, Ajahn Sumedho, S. N. Goenka, Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha, making offerings and b [[bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two attainments of Maha Punya and Maha Prajna Paramita. And Om Ah Hum thanks to other modern day masters. We consider them to be in accord with Tripitaka Master Hsuan Hua’s “Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers

Nalanda Online University's teachings are based especially on the following Buddhist Scriptures: Lama Tsong Khapa's Lam Rim, the Dharma Flower Lotus Sutra, the Avatamsaka Sutra, the Shurangama Sutra, the Ksitigarbha Sutra, the Bhaisajya Guru Sutra, the Dharani Sutra, the Vajra Sutra, the Prajna Paramita Hridayam Heart Sutra, the Vimalakirti Sutra, the Sanghata Sutra, the Sutra of Golden Light, the Srimala Devi Sutra, the Sutra in 42 Sections, the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, the Hui Neng Sutra, Vasubandhu's Shastra on the Door to Understanding the Hundred Dharmas, Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara), Chandrakirti's Supplement to Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way (Madhyamakavatara), Vasubandhu's Treasury of Manifest Knowledge (Abhidharmakosha) and the Tantras and Mantras of the Vajrayana the 42 Hands and Eyes, Guhyasamaja, the Kalachakra, the Vajrayogini, the Heruka, the Chakrasamvara, the Chod, the Hayagriva, the Hevajra, the Yamantaka, the Kalarupa, the Manjushri Nama Samgiti, the Vajrakilaya, the Vajrapani, the Vajra Claws Dakini, the Mahakala, the Tara, the White Umbrella Goddess (She Dan Do Bo Da La), Kirti Losang Trinle's Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra, and Aku Sherab Gyatso's The Two Stages of the Guhyasamaja Tantra and their commentaries (shastras) by the above Arya Tripitakacharya Dharma Masters. Making offerings and bowing at your feet I make requests. Please bestow on me the two attainments of Maha Punya and Maha Prajna Paramita.

Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: The Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism, 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://www.budaedu.org.tw

Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, Digital Dictionary of Buddhism [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007: Username is “guest”, with no password. http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb - Based in large part on the Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by Soothill and Hodous) Delhi, India: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997.

Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen, Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala Publications, 1991. 296 pages. ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 http://www.Shambhala.com, http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0877735204/ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20, http://www.shambhala.com/html/catalog/items/isbn/978-0-87773-520-5.cfm Secondary Fair Use Compilation Source: Vaidya Vasant Lad, Textbook of Ayurveda, Ayurvedic Press, 2002; Vasant Lad, BAMS, MAsc, Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes, Ayurvedic Institute, 1994-2006;


NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under Shastra tradition and “Fair Use” by an Anonymous Buddhist Monk Redactor (Compiler) of this Online Buddhist Encyclopedia Compilation)



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eightfold_path.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:11 (external edit)