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 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
 +[[Home]] | [[Clinic]] | [[Featured Content]] | [[Buddhist Ayurvedic Distance Learning |Distance Learning]] | [[About Us]] | [[Donate]] | [[Non-Profit]] | [[Recent Changes]] | Phone: 1-510-292-6696
 +Part of the List of [[Dharma Terms]] from the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] Course ([[SKT220]] ) on [[Sanskrit Terms]] of [[Ayurveda]] and [[Dharma]]
 +======= Han Shan and Shi De Bodhisattvas =======
 +[[Han Shan]] and [[Shi De]] ([[Bodhisattva]]s) (fl. 627-649)
 +====== Bodhisattva Han Shan ======
 +"No one [[know]]s what sort of man [[Han Shan]] was. There are old [[people]] who knew
 +him: they say he was a [[poor]] man, a [[crazy]] [[character]]. He lived alone [[seven]]ty
 +[[li]] ([[Chinese mile]]s) [[west]] of the T'​ang-hsing district of T'​ien-t'​ai at a place called [[Cold Mountain]]. He often went down to the Kuo-ch'​ing [[Temple]]. At the [[Temple]] lived
 +[[Shi De]], who ran the dining hall. He some[[time]]s saved [[left]]overs for [[Han Shan]],
 +hiding them in a [[bamboo]] tube. [[Han Shan]] would come and carry it away; [[walking]]
 +the long veranda, calling and shouting happily, talking and laughing to
 +him[[self]]. Once the [[monk]]s followed him, caught him, and made fun of him. He
 +stopped, clapped his [[hand]]s, and laughed [[Great]]ly--Ha Ha!--for a spell, then
 +"He looked like a tramp. His [[body]] and [[face]] were old and beat. Yet in every
 +[[word]] he [[breath]]ed was a [[meaning]] in line with the [[subtle]] [[principle]]s of [[thing]]s,
 +if you only [[thought]] of it deeply. Every[[thing]] he did had a [[feeling]] of the [[Tao]]
 +in it, [[profound]] and arcane [[Secret]]s. His hat was made of [[birch bark]], his
 +[[cloth]]es were ragged and worn out, and his shoes were wood. [[thus]] men who have
 +made it hide their tracks: [[unifying]] [[categories]] and interpenetrating [[thing]]s.
 +On that long veranda calling and singing, in his [[word]]s of reply--Ha Ha!--the
 +[[Three Worlds]] revolve. Some[[time]]s at the villages and farms he laughed and
 +sang with [[cow]]herds. Some[[time]]s intractable,​ some[[time]]s agreeable, his [[nature]]
 +was [[happy]] of it[[self]]. But how could a [[person]] without [[wisdom]] [[recognize]] him?
 +"I once [[receive]]d a position as a petty official at Tan-ch'​iu. The day I was
 +to depart I had a [[bad]] [[headache]]. I called a doctor, but he couldn'​t cure me
 +and it turned worse. Then I met a [[Buddhist]] [[Master]] [[name]]d Feng-kan, who said
 +he came from the Kuo-ch'​ing [[Temple]] of T'​ien-t'​ai e[[special]]ly to visit me. I
 +asked him to rescue me from my [[illness]]. He smiled and said, 'The [[four]] [[realm]]s
 +are within my [[body]]; [[sickness]] comes from [[illusion]]. If you want to do away
 +with it, you need [[pure]] [[water]].'​ Someone brought [[water]] to the [[Master]], who spat
 +it on me. In a moment the [[disease]] was [[root]]ed out. He then said, 'There are
 +miasmas in T'ai prefecture, when you get there take care of your[[self]].'​ I
 +asked him, 'Are there any wise men in you area I could look on as [[Master]]?'​
 +He replied, 'When you see him you don't [[recognize]] him, when you [[recognize]]
 +him you don't see him. If you want to see him, you can't rely on
 +[[appearance]]s. Then you can see him. [[Han Shan]] is a [[Manjushri]] hiding at
 +Kuo-ch'​ing. [[Shi De]] is a [[Samantabhadra]]. They look like [[poor]] fellows and act
 +like madmen. Some[[time]]s they go and some[[time]]s they come. They work in the
 +kitchen of the Kuo-ch'​ing dining hall, [[ten]]ding the [[fire]].'​ When he was done
 +talking he [[left]].
 +====== Bodhisattva Shi De ======
 +"I proceeded on my [[Journey]] to my job at T'​ai-chou,​ not [[forget]]ting this
 +af[[fair]]. I arrived [[Three]] days later, immediately went to a [[Temple]], and
 +[[question]]ed an old [[monk]]. It seemed the [[Master]] had been [[Truth]]ful,​ so I gave
 +orders to see if T'​ang-hsing really contained a [[Han Shan]] and [[Shi De]]. The
 +District Magistrate reported to me: 'In this district, [[seven]]ty li [[west]], is a
 +[[mountain]]. [[people]] used to see a [[poor]] man [[head]]ing from the cliffs to stay
 +awhile at Kuo-ch'​ing. At the [[Temple]] dining hall is a [[similar]] man [[name]]d
 +[[Shi De]].' I made a [[bow]] and went to Kuo-ch'​ing. I asked some [[people]] around
 +the [[Temple]], 'There used to be a [[Master]] [[name]]d Feng-kan here. Where is his
 +place? And where can [[Han Shan]] and [[Shi De]] be seen?' A [[monk]] [[name]]d [[Tao]]-ch'​iao
 +spoke up: '​Feng-kan the [[Master]] lived in back of the library. Nowadays no[[body]] lives there; a tiger often comes and
 +roars. [[Han Shan]] and [[Shi De]] are in the kitchen.'​ The [[monk]] led me to
 +Feng-kan'​s yard. Then he opened the gate: all we saw was tiger tracks. I
 +asked the [[monk]]s [[Tao]]-ch'​iao and Pao-te, 'When Feng-kan was here, what was his
 +job?' The [[monk]]s said, 'He pounded and hulled rice. At [[night]] he sang [[Song]]s to
 +amuse him[[self]].'​ Then we went to the kitchen before the stoves. [[two]] men were
 +facing the [[fire]], laughing loudly. I made a [[bow]]. The [[two]] shouted HO! at me.
 +They struck their [[hand]]s together--Ha Ha!--[[Great]] laughter. They shouted. Then
 +they said, '​Feng-kan--loose-[[tongue]]d,​ loose-[[tongue]]d. You don't [[recognize]]
 +[[Amitabha]],​ why be courteous to us?' The [[monk]]s gathered round, surprise going
 +through them. 'Why has a big official [[bow]]ed to a pair of clowns?'​ The [[two]]
 +men grabbed [[hand]]s and ran out of the [[Temple]]. I cried, 'Catch them'​--but they
 +quickly ran away. [[Han Shan]] returned to [[Cold Mountain]]. I asked the [[monk]]s,
 +'Would those [[two]] men be willing to settle down at this [[Temple]]?'​ I ordered
 +them to find a house, and to ask [[Han Shan]] and [[Shi De]] to return and live at
 +the [[Temple]].
 +"I returned to my district and had [[two]] sets of clean [[cloth]]es made, got some
 +[[incense]] and such and sent it to the [[Temple]]--but the [[two]] men didn't return.
 +So I had it carried up to [[cold]] [[mountain]]. The packer saw [[Han Shan]], who called
 +out in a loud voice, '​[[thief]]! [[thief]]!'​ and [[retreat]]ed into a [[mountain]] [[cave]]. He
 +shouted, 'I tell you man, strive hard!'​--[[enter]]ed the [[cave]] and was [[Gone]]. The
 +[[cave]] closed of it[[self]] and they weren'​t able to follow. [[Shi De]]'s tracks
 +dis[[appear]]ed [[complete]]ly.
 +"I ordered [[Tao]]-ch'​iao and the [[other]] [[monk]]s to find out how they had lived, to
 +hunt up the poems written on [[bamboo]], wood, [[stone]]s, and cliffs--and also to
 +[[collect]] those written on the walls of [[people]]'​s houses. There were more than
 +[[Three]] [[hundred]]. On the wall of the [[earth]]-shrine [[Shi De]] had written some
 +[[Gatha]]. It was all brought together and made into a book.
 +"I [[hold]] to the [[principle]] of the [[Buddha]]-[[mind]]. It is fortunate to meet with
 +men of [[Tao]], so I have made this eulogy."​
 +Lu Ch'​iu-[[yin]],​ Governor of T'ai Prefecture (Snyder, tr.)
 +The place where I spend my days
 +Is farther away than I can tell. 
 +Without a [[word]] the wild vines stir,
 +No fog, yet the [[bamboo]]s are always dark. 
 +Who do the valleys sob for?
 +Why do the mists huddle together?
 +At noon, sitting in my hut
 +I [[realize]] for the [[first]] [[time]] that the sun has risen. ​
 +Han Shan
 +Have I a [[body]] or have I none?
 +Am I who I am or am I not?
 +Pondering these [[question]]s,​
 +I sit leaning against the cliff as the years go by,
 +Till the [[green]] [[grass]] grows between my [[feet]]
 +And the red [[dust]] settles on my [[head]],
 +And the men of the [[world]], [[thinking]] me [[dead]],
 +Come with [[offering]]s of wine and [[fruit]] to [[lay]] by my corpse. ​
 +[[Han Shan]] (Watson, tr. p. 114)
 +1) [[Chinese]]:​ [[Han Shan]] , [[Shi De]] , 4) Alternate [[translation]]s of their [[name]]s:
 +[[Cold Mountain]] and Pick Up.
 +[[BTTS References]]:​ [[UW]] 139-141; [[VBS]] #27 p. 1, #17, p. 37, #28, p. 1, #60
 +("​Poetry of [[Shi De]]" by James M. Hargett), #200, p. 11.
 +List of [[Dharma Terms]] | [[Previous Term]] | [[Anuttara Samyak Sambodhi |Next Term]]
 +Return to the [[Buddhist Ayurveda Encyclopedia]] and 
 +[[Glossary of Dharma]] and [[Ayurvedic Terms]] | [[Recent Changes]]
 +====== Fair Use Bibliographic Sources ======
 +[[Fair Use]]: ​
 +Primary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Ron Epstein]], Ph.D, compiler, [[Buddhism A to Z]], Burlingame, [[California]],​ [[Buddhist Text Translation Society]], 2003, p. 
 +[[ISBN 0881393533]] ​ Paperback: 284 pages. ​ http://​www.BTTSOnline.org ​    ​www.Amazon.com ​  
 +and many other sources (see [[Bibliography]]).
 +Primary Original Source: The [[Tripitaka]] of [[Sutra]], [[Shastra]] and [[Vinaya]] [[Dharma]] teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the [[India]]n [[Sanskrit]]- [[Siddham]],​ [[Chinese]],​ [[Tibetan]] and [[Japanese]] traditions of the [[Nalanda Tradition]] of ancient [[Nalanda University]]) of [[Shakyamuni Buddha]], and his [[Arya]] [[Sagely]] [[Bodhisattva]] [[Bhikshu]] [[Monk]] and [[Upasaka]] disciples.
 +These [[Good and Wise Advisors]] ([[Kaliyanamitra]]) [[Dharma Master]] teachers include [[Arya]] [[Venerable]]s [[Om Tare Tuttare Ture]] [[Om Ah Hum]] and [[Namo]] to [[Jivaka]], [[Charaka]],​ [[Lao Zi]] - [[Mahakashapa]],​ [[Ashwagosha]],​ [[Shantideva]] - [[Hui Neng]] - [[Shen Kai]] [[Sheng Ren Shr]], [[Bodhidharma]],​ the 16 [[Nalanda Acharyas]] 1. [[Nagarjuna]]-[[Manjushri]],​ 2. [[Arydeva]],​ 3. [[Buddhapalita]],​ 4. [[Bhavaviveka]],​ 5. [[Chandrakirti]] and [[Chandragomin]],​ 6. [[Shantideva]],​ 7. [[Shantarakshita]],​ 8. [[Kamalashila]],​ 9. [[Asanga]]-[[Maitreya]],​ 10. [[Vasubhandu]],​ 11. [[Dignaga]],​ 12. [[Dharmakirti]],​ 13. [[Vimuktisena]],​ 14. [[Haribhadra]],​ 15. [[Gunaprabha]],​ 16. [[Shakyaprabha]];​ [[Dharmarakshita]],​ [[Atisha]], [[Tsong Khapa]], [[Thogme Zangpo]], [[Nyingma]] [[Padmasambhava]],​ [[Yeshe Tsogyel]], [[Machig Lapdron]], [[Tilopa]], [[Naropa]], [[Milarepa]],​ [[Sakya Pandita]], [[Kumarajiva]],​ [[Baozhi]], [[Hui Yuan]], ​ [[Daosheng]],​ [[Changzhi]],​ [[Fazang]], [[Han Shan]], [[Shi De]], [[Yunmen]], [[Nichiren]],​ [[Honen]], [[Shinran]],​ [[Kukai]], [[Dogen]], [[Hakuin]], [[Jamgon Kongtrul]], [[Nyingma]] [[Penor Rinpoche]], [[Bakula Rinpoche]], [[Dagri Rinpoche]], [[Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Lama Kongchog]], [[Longchen Rapjampa]] - [[Gosok Rinpoche]], [[Phabongkha Rinpoche]], [[Patrul Rinpoche]], [[Tenzin Gyatso]] the [[Dalai Lama]], [[Sakya Trizin]], [[Hsu Yun]], [[Hsuan Hua]], [[Lama Zopa Rinpoche]], [[Choden Rinpoche]], [[Garchen Rinpoche]], [[Karmapa]],​ [[Mingyur Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Ngwang Dakpa]], [[Geshe Sopa Rinpoche]], [[Seung Sahn]], [[Thich Nhat Hanh]], [[Ajahn Chah]], [[Ajahn Sumedho]], [[S. N. Goenka]], [[Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha]], making [[offerings]] and [[b [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]]. And [[Om Ah Hum]] thanks to other [[modern day masters]]. ​ We consider them to be in accord with [[Tripitaka Master]] [[Hsuan Hua]]’s "​[[Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers]]"​
 +[[Nalanda Online University]]'​s teachings are based especially on the following [[Buddhist Scriptures]]:​ [[Lama]] [[Tsong Khapa]]'​s [[Lam Rim]], the Dharma Flower [[Lotus Sutra]], the [[Avatamsaka Sutra]], the [[Shurangama Sutra]], the [[Ksitigarbha Sutra]], the [[Bhaisajya Guru Sutra]], the [[Dharani Sutra]], the [[Vajra Sutra]], the [[Prajna Paramita]] Hridayam [[Heart Sutra]], the [[Vimalakirti Sutra]], the [[Sanghata Sutra]], the [[Sutra of Golden Light]], the [[Srimala Devi Sutra]], the [[Sutra in 42 Sections]], the [[Mahaparinirvana Sutra]], the [[Hui Neng Sutra]], [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Shastra on the Door to Understanding the Hundred Dharmas]], Maitreya'​s [[Ornament for Clear Realizations]] ([[Abhisamayalamkara]]),​ [[Chandrakirti]]'​s [[Supplement to Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way]] ([[Madhyamakavatara]]),​ [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Treasury of Manifest Knowledge]] ([[Abhidharmakosha]]) and the [[Tantra]]s and [[Mantra]]s of the [[Vajrayana]] the [[42 Hands and Eyes]], [[Guhyasamaja]],​ the [[Kalachakra]],​ the [[Vajrayogini]],​ the [[Heruka]], the [[Chakrasamvara]],​ the [[Chod]], the [[Hayagriva]],​ the [[Hevajra]],​ the [[Yamantaka]],​ the [[Kalarupa]],​ the [[Manjushri Nama Samgiti]], the [[Vajrakilaya]],​ the [[Vajrapani]],​ the [[Vajra Claws Dakini]], the [[Mahakala]],​ the [[Tara]], the [[White Umbrella Goddess]] ([[She Dan Do Bo Da La]]), [[Kirti Losang Trinle]]'​s [[Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra]], and [[Aku Sherab Gyatso]]'​s [[The Two Stages of the Guhyasamaja Tantra]] and their commentaries ([[shastra]]s) by the above Arya [[Tripitakacharya]] [[Dharma Master]]s. Making [[offerings]] and [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]].
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: The [[Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism]], 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://​www.budaedu.org.tw
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, [[Digital Dictionary of Buddhism]] [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007:  Username is "​guest",​ with no password.
 +http://​buddhism-dict.net/​ddb - Based in large part on the [[Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms]] with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by [[Soothill]] and Hodous) Delhi, India: [[Motilal Banarsidass]],​ 1997.
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The [[Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen]], Boston, Massachusetts:​ [[Shambhala Publications]],​ 1991.  296 pages. ​ ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 ​ http://​www.Shambhala.com,​
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Vaidya]] [[Vasant Lad]], [[Textbook of Ayurveda]], [[Ayurvedic Press]], 2002; 
 +[[Vasant Lad]], [[BAMS]], [[MAsc]], [[Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes]], [[Ayurvedic Institute]],​ 1994-2006; ​
 +NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under [[Shastra tradition]] and "​[[Fair Use]]" by an [[Anonymous]] [[Buddhist Monk]] [[Redactor]] (Compiler) of this Online [[Buddhist Encyclopedia]] Compilation) ​
 +====== Course Codes ======
 +[[Course Codes]] for the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning]] Program are as follows:
 +[[AYR108]] | [[HRB108]] | [[CLN301]] | [[HUM108]] | [[HIS108]] | [[YOG108]] | [[NUT108]] | [[AYR190]] | [[AYR220]] | [[AYR230]] | [[AYR240]] | [[AYR241]] | [[AYR250]] | [[AYR260]] | [[SKT108]] | [[SKT210]] |[[SKT220]] | [[SUT310]]
 +====== Technical Notes ======
 +See the [[Technical Notes]] please.
 +====== Contact Us ======
 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
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 +[[Medicine King Bodhisattva]] [[Jeweled Ax Mantra]] 16 (Line 64 of the 
 +[[Great Compassion Mantra]] of [[Avalokiteshvara]]) of the [[42 Hands and Eyes Mantras]]: ​
 +[[Syi lu seng e mu chywe ye Nan Wei la ye Wei la ye Sa wa he]].
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han_shan.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:11 (external edit)