User Tools

Site Tools


herb_name_sanskrit_chinese_latin_cross_reference

Twentyfour Commonly Used Ayurvedic Herbs

Sanskrit botanical name Mandarin Tibetan family

1. amalaki, Emblica officinalis or Phyllanthus emblica http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phyllanthus_emblica, Euphorbiaceae http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euphorbiaceae

2. ashwagandha, Withania somnifera http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Withania_somnifera, Tibetan Ba-spru (233), Solanaceae http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanaceae

3. bala Sida cordifolia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sida_cordifolia, Malvaceae http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvaceae

4. Bhringaraja Eclipta alba han4 lian2 cao3 (p. 365) Composhitae 5. bibhitaki Terminalia belerica Combretaceae 6. Candana Santalum alba tan2 xiang1 (p. 240) Santalaceae 7. chitrak Plumbago zeylancia Plumbaginaceae 8. gokshura Tribulus terrestris bai2 ji2 li2 / ji li zi (p. 425) Zygophyllaceae 9. guduchi Tinospora cordifolia kuan1 jin1 teng2, jin guo lan (p. 169) Menispermaceae 10. guggulu Commiphora mukul Burseraceae 11. haritaki Terminalia chebula he1 zi3 (p. 380) Combretaceae 12. kutki, kukti Picrorrhiza kurroa hu2 huang2 lian2 (p. 84) Scrophulariaceae 13. jatamamsi Nardostachys jatamamsi gan song xiang (Holmes:245) sPang-spos (235) Valerianaceae 14. Mandukhaparni Centella, hydrocotyle asiatica di qian4 cao3, Luo de da, Ji xue cao Umbelliferae 15. Manjishtha Rubia cordifolia qian4 cao3 gen1 (p. 257) bTsod (297) Rubiaceae 16. neem Azadirachta indica ku3 lian4 gen1 pi2 (p. 434) Meliaceae 17. pippali Piper longum bi4 ba2 (p. 309) Piperaceae 18. punarnava Boerrhavia diffusa Nyctagineae 19. Shardunika Gymnema sylvestra Asclepiadaceae 20. shatavari Asparagus racemosus tian1 men2 dong1 (p. 359) Nye-shing (83) Liliaceae 21. tagar Valeriana spp. Valerianaceae 22. vidanga Embelia ribes Myrsinaceae 23. vidari Ipomoea digitata Convolvulaceae 24. yashtimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabhra gan1 cao3 (p. 323) Papilionaceae

Sanskrit Botanical name mandarin]] kula (Family) Latin Family 1. Agaru (Kashthagaru) Aquilaria agallocha Agaru kula Aloeswood, Eaglewood, (Gogte: 288, 574), Agaru kula, Thymelaecae 2. Ahifen Papaver somniferum Linn. Ying Su Ku (Opium) Ahifen kula Papaveraceae 3. Ajmoda Carum roxburghianum Benth. (Gogte:290) shatapushpa kula Umbellifereae 4. Akarkarabh (Gogte:531) 5. a[[malaki]], a[[malaki]] Emblica officinalis Gaertn. An Mwo Le (Gogte:309) Eranda kula, Emblic myrobalan Euphorbiaceae 6. amlavetas (Gogte:547) 7. Anannas (Gogte:538) 8. Adrak (Gogte:313) 9. Apamarga[[ Achyranthes aspera Linn. Wei Niu Xi, Ju Niu Xi, Dou Kou Cao Apa[[marga[[ [[kula Amaranthaceae (Gogte:294 10. arjuna Terminalia arjuna Wight. and Avn. haritaki kula Combretaceae (Gogte:299) 11. Arka Calotropis procera R. Br. Arka kula Asclepiadaceae (Gogte:296) 12. ashoka saraca indica Linn. Shimbi kula Leguminoceae (Gogte:303) 13. Ashwagandha Withania somnifera kantakari kula Solanaceae (Gogte:301) 14. Ativisha Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Chuan Wu, Fu Zi Vatsanabha kula Ranunculaceae (Gogte:291) 15. Babbul (Babul chall) (Bazaar of India) (Acacia arabica Wild.), Acacia tree, Shimbi kula (Gogte:674) 16. Badaram (Zizyphus sativus) (Gogte:673) 17. bakuchi (Gogte:436) 18. Bhallataka (Gogte:444) 19. Bhanga (Gogte:447) 20. bhringaraj, Brungaraj, Bhringaraja Eclipta alba Hask., Eclipta prostata han4 lian2 cao3 mo han lian (Bensky:365) bhringaraj kula Composhitae (Gogte:451) 21. bhumy[[a[[malaki]] (Gogte:682) 22. bibhitaki, Vibhitaki, Terminalia belerica, Beleric myrobalan (Gogte:438) (Pashupati 1996:85) 23. bilva (Gogte:440) 24. Bimbi (Coccinia indica) – Chinese? (Gogte:677) 25. Bolam (Commiphora myrrh) – Myrrh, Chinese Mo Yao(Gogte:680) 26. brahmi (Gogte:437) 27. Bruhati (Solanum indicum Linn.), kantakari kula (Gogte:443) 28. c[[handana]] (Gogte:366) 29. Chakshushya (Cassia absys Linn.), Shimbi kula, (Gogte:604) 30. c[[handra]]shur (Gogte:606) 31. chitrak (Gogte:370) 32. Choraka, Chorak – Angelica glouca Edgw. (Gogte:609) Angelica archangelica (Pashupati 1996:6) 33. Dadim (Gogte:392) 34. Danti (Gogte:400) 35. daruharidra, Barberry, Berberis aristata (Gogte:394) (Pashupati 1996:15) 36. devadaru (Gogte:396) 37. Dhataki (Gogte:403) 38. Dhattura (Gogte:402) 39. Draksha (Gogte:636) 40. Ela, Elettaria cardamomum, cardamom (Gogte:323) (Pashupati 1996:34) 41. Eranda, Castor bean, castor oil (Gogte:321) 42. gokshura, gokshura Tribulus terrestris bai2 ji2 li2 / ji li zi (Bensky:425) gokshura kula Zygophyllaceae (Gogte:361) 43. guduchi Tinospora cordifolia, Tinospora sinensos kaun1 jin1 teng2 (Bensky:169), jin guo lan guduchi kula Menispermaceae (Gogte:359) 44. guggulu – Commiphora mukul Hook ex stocks. (Gogte:357) 45. Hapusha (Juniperus communis Linn.) (Gogte:752) 46. haridra (Gogte:514) 47. haritaki (Gogte:515) 48. hingu, hing, Ferula asafoetida (Gogte:519) (Pashupati 1996:38) 49. Hrutpatri (Digitalis purpurea), kukti kula (Gogte:755) 50. jatamamsi (Gogte:372) 51. Jati (Gogte:614) 52. Jeeraka (Gogte:376) 53. Jivanti – Leptadenia reticulata (Bazaar of India) (Gogte:616) 54. jyotishmati (Gogte:378) 55. Kanchanar (Gogte:339) 56. kantakari Solanum xanthocarpum Huang Shui Qie kantakari kula Solanaceae (nightshade) (Gogte:327) 57. Kapikacchu (Atma Gupta) (Gogte:329) 58. Karpur (Karpoor, Karpura) (Gogte:332, 569) (Pashupati 1996:38) 59. kukti (kutki) (Gogte:325) 60. Katphala, Myrica nagi, Bayberry (Pashupati 1996:54) 61. Khadir – Acacia catechu Willd. (Gogte:354) 62. Kiratatikta (Gogte:341) 63. Koshataki (Luffa acutangulata Roxb.) (Gogte:591) Luffa Si Gua Luo: Spongegourd 64. Krishnajirak (Krishnajeerak) – Carum carvi Linn. (Gogte:353) 65. kumari, Aloe vera gel, Aloe barbadensis (Gogte:347) 66. Kumkum, keshar, Kesar, saffron (Crocus sattivus Linn., Crocus sattiva), keshar kula, Iridaceae (Gogte:585) 67. Kupeelu – Strychnos nux-vomica Linn. (Gogte:345) 68. Kushtham – Saussurea lappa (Gogte:350) 69. Kutaja (Gogte:343) 70. lavanaga (Gogte:475) 71. Lasunghas, Alfalfa, Medicago sativa (Pashupati 1996:51) 72. Lodhra (Gogte:477, 713) 73. mandanaphala – Randia dumetorum L.A.M., emetic nut – Manjishtha kula, Rubiaceae (Gogte:454) 74. Mandookparni, Mandukparni, (Gogte:466) 75. Manjishtha (Gogte:464) 76. ma[[richa]]ha]], ma[[richa]]ha]], Piper nigrum, black pepper (Gogte:459) (Pashupati 1996:64) 77. ma[[richa]]ha]]i-phalan, Capsicum annum, cayenne pepper (Pashupati 1996:17) 78. Meshashringi (Gogte:701) 79. Methika – trigonella foenunm-graecum (Gogte:700) 80. Mishreya, Dill (Anethum sowa Roxb.), shatapushpa kula, Umbellifereae (Gogte:461) 81. Mushali – asparagus adscendens Roxb., Rasona kula, Liliaceae, Gana: shukrajana (Gogte:698) 82. Mutak (musta) (Gogte:462) 83. nagakesara (Gogte:406) 84. Nagbala (Gogte:408) 85. neem (neem) Mellia? – Compare with Chinese (Gogte:409) 86. Nimbuka (Gogte:412) 87. Nirgundi Vitex negundo Linn. Huang Jing Zi, Mu Jing Zi Nirgundi kula Verbenacea (Gogte:413) 88. padmakam (Gogte:653) 89. Palandu (Gogte:658) 90. parasik Yavani (Hyocymus reticulata Linn.) – Henbane, kantakari kula, Solanacease (comforting) 91. Pashanbhed (Bazaar of India) (Gogte:662) 92. Patol (Gogte:415) 93. Peelu (Gogte:664) 94. pippali (Gogte:424) 95. Puga (Areca catachu Linn.) (Gogte:672) 96. punarnava (Gogte:427) 97. Pushkarmula Pushkarmula (Gogte:429) 98. putiha (Metha spicate) – Spearmint, Tulasi kula (Gogte:670) 99. Ranjika (Gogte:707) 100. raktac[[handana]] (Gogte:704) 101. Rasna 102. Rasona (Gogte:471) 103. Rokitak (Gogte:708) 104. Sallaki, Shallaki (Boswellia serrata), guggulu kula (Gogte:739) 105. Sarpagandha (Gogte:510) Check out Chinese Rauwolfia in Belanger MM) 106. Sarshap (Brassica alba) (Gogte:736) 107. Shal (Gogte:494) 108. Shaliparni (Gogte:496) 109. shankhapushpi (Gogte:506) 110. shatapushpa (Gogte:489) 111. shatavari (Gogte:491) 112. Shati, Kachur (Hedychium spicatum, Curcuma zedoaria, Long zedoary (Gogte:216) 113. soma (Gogte:749) 114. tagar (Gogte:621) 115. Tailparni (Gogte:631) 116. Talees (Talisa) (Abies webbiana Linndle.) (Gogte:655) 117. Talesspatram (Talisapatram) (Gogte:381) 118. Tamalpatra (Gogte:619) 119. Taruni – Rosa centifolia (Rose), shatapatri (Gogte:620) 120. Tavaksheeram (Gogte:622) 121. Tilam (sesame) (Gogte:629) 122. Tilparni (Gogte:625) 123. Tintidik (Gogte:626) 124. Trayamana (Gentiana kurroa, Thalictrum foliotosum) (Gogte:633) Long Dan Cao 125. trivrut (Gogte:383) 126. tulsi, Tulasi, Occinum sanctum, holy basil (Gogte:385) (Pashupati 1996:58) 127. Twak (Gogte:390) 128. Udumbar (Gogte:317) 129. Usheeram (ushira) (Gogte:319) 130. vacha, Bach, Acorus chalamus, chalamus roots (Gogte:479) (Pashupati 1996:02) 131. Vanapsika (Gogte:714) 132. Vansha, Vanshalochan, Vamsha-rochana, B.A.M.S.halochan (bamboo manna), Bambusa bambos, Bambusa arundinaceae Yava kula V-P-K+ Banshalochan vatapittashamaka V-P-, tender leaves pittavardhak P+ (Gogte:716) (Pashupati 1996:14) 133. Varahi (Gogte:719) 134. vasa (Gogte:485) 135. vata (Gogte:714) 136. Vatsanabh (Aconitum ferox?) (Gogte:481) 137. vidanga (Gogte:487) 138. vidari (Gogte:721) 139. yashtimadhu (madhuyashti) (Gogte:457)

1. agnijar (Gogte:782) 2. Dugdha varga (Gogte:760) 3. ghrita varga (Gogte:763) 4. Gorochana varga (Gogte:780) 5. Ikshu varga (Gogte:767) 6. Jala varga (Gogte:759) 7. Kasturi (Gogte:779) 8. lavana varga (Gogte:773) 9. madhu varga (Gogte:765) 10. Madya varga (Gogte:769)

Total of 160 Medicines 50 Most Important Medicines 25 Important Medicines 37 Secondary Medicines 48 Less Important Medicines

Asava – Arishta – Kada (Quath Deconction) Asava Drakshasava kumari Asava No. 1 kumari Asava No. 3 Lodhrasava Lohasava Panchakolasava Pippalyasava Prasham Ushirasava vasakasava

Arishta abhayarishta arjunarishta Askokarishta Ashwagandharishta dashamularishta Kutajarishta punarnavadyarishta saraswatarishta vidangarishta

Kada (Quath – decoction) bhuminbadi Kada mahamanjishthadi Kada maharasnadi Kada mahasudarshan Kada

Avaleha (Jam) Chavanprash brahmiprash

Single bhasma churna (Single metal, mineral powders) abhrak bhasma abhrak bhasma (shataputi) Jasad bhasma Kapardika bhasma Loha bhasma Mandoor bhasma naga bhasma Praval bhasma (agniputi) Praval bhasma (without Mouktik) Roupya bhasma shankha bhasma Shouktika bhasma Shringa bhasma Suvarna bhasma Suvarna Makshik bhasma Tamra bhasma trivanga bhasma Mishram Vanga bhasma

Choorna Ekeri churna Anantamul churna

Mishra Choorna Ashwagandhadi churna avipattikar churna lavana Bhaskar churna Chopchinyadi churna gandharva haritaki gulwel sattva hingashtaka churna maha mahasudarshan churna mutral churna sitopaladi churna talisadi churna triphala churna

siddha ghrita brahmi Grhita mahatikta ghrita]] phala ghrita shatavari ghrita tikta ghrita]] triphala ghrita Yashtyadi ghrita

Guti – vati (vati) tablets bhasma Guti – vati (vati) – bhasma tablets Mouktik Pishti vati Praval Panchamrut (without mouktik) Praval Pishti vati shankha bhasma vati

guggulu Guti – vati (vati) – guggulu tablets abhayadi guggulu Amrutadi guggulu gokshuradi guggulu Kaishor guggulu Kanchanar guggulu mahaYogaraj]] guggulu punarnava guggulu Simhanad guggulu Swayanbhuva guggulu triphala guggulu Yogaraj]] guggulu

parapati Guti – vati (vati) – parapati tablets Bola Parpati vati Loha Parpati vati Panchamrut Parpati vati Suvarna Parpati vati

rasa Guti – vati (vati) – Mercurial and other bhasma-based tablets Abana agnitundi Ras vati a[[malaki]] vati Amapachaka vati Amex vati Aroghyavardini vati brahmi vati Calcipral vati Calciprite vati c[[handra]]prabha vati gandhak rasayana]] (Baraputi) vati gandhak rasayana]] vati Kamadudha (with mouktik) vati Kamadudha Sadha Karpuradi Guti Khadiradi vati krumikuthar vati krumimudgar rasa vati Kutaj Parpati vati laghumalini vasant vati LIV-52 Lashunadi vati Laxminarayan rasa vati laghumalini vasant vati madhumalini vasant vati mahashankha vati Malla Sindoor vati naga Guti pachaka vati Praval Pancha Amrut (with Mouktik) vati Pregatone punarnava Mandoor vati raktagandha vati rasagandha vati Sarpagandha Ghana vati shankha vati smritisagar Ras Sookshma tripahala vati Sootashekhar Sadha vati Shwasa Kuthar vati Tapyadi Loha vati tribhuvan Kirit vati

Suvarna Yukta Guti – vati (vati) – gold bhasma-based tablets Bhruhatvat Chintamani vati Fortex vati Hemagarbha matra vati Laxmivilas rasa vati Makardhwaja vati Suvarna Malini vasant vati Suvarna Sootashekhar matra vati Suvarna Sameer Pannaga vati vasant Kusumakar vati

Kupipakva rasayan Guti – vati (vati) – bhasma-based tablets Makardwaja vati Mallasindoor vati rasa Sindoor vati Sameerpannaga vati

malam (Ointments)

netra bindu (eye drops) netra bindu Parpati rasa Parpati Suvarna rasa Parpati Tamra Parpati

Pishti Mouktik Pishti Praval Pishti

Sharkara kalpa (Granules) shatavari kalpa

siddha Tailam (Medicated Oils) anu Tailam bala Tailam bhringaraj Tailam bilva Tailam brahmi Tailam c[[handana]]balalakshadi Tailam Madhavi Tailam mahanarayan Tailam Narayan Tailam Nirguni Tailam Paribhadra Tailam vacha Tailam Vishagarbha Tailam

tester

Ayurvedic Spices for cooking and Home Remedies

Cover the following spices: 1. rock salt 2. black pepper 3. dry ginger 4. cumin 5. coriander 6. fennel 7. Tumeric 8. clove 9. cin[[Namon]] 10. cardamom 11. saffron 12. hinga 13. ajwain 14. mustard seeds 15. sesame seeds 16. flax seeds 17. poppy seeds 18. garlic

Ayurvedic Herbs

Cover the 21 Herbs listed and state the following:

vata 1. Ashwagandha 2. bala 3. vidari 4. guggulu 5. tagar 6. ginger roots 7. Castor plant 8. jatamamsi 9. haritaki

pitta shatavari guduchi neem kumari sandalwood bhringaraj shankha pushpi brahmi a[[malaki]]

kapha punarnava gokshura tulsi pippali chitrak kutki shilajit licorice bibhitaki

herb_name_sanskrit_chinese_latin_cross_reference.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:12 (external edit)