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Holarrhena antidysenterica - Kutaja

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Holarrhena antidysenterica

Holarrhena antidysenterica

Kutaja, org (1/2 lb.)

Item Number : 7632 Price: $13.95 Quantity :

USDA Organic

Certified Organic Kutaja bark powder (Holarrhena antidysenterica)

Supports a healthy GI tract and the proper function of the colon*

   * Supports intestinal health and comfortable elimination*
   * Bolsters the GI tract's natural defenses*
   * Promotes healthy, well-formed stools*
   * Promotes digestion and dispels natural toxins*

Ayurvedic Energetics:

   * Rasa (taste): astringent, bitter
   * Virya (action): cooling
   * Vipaka (post-digestive effect): pungent
   * Doshas (constitutions): Balancing for pitta and kapha, may increase vata in excess.

Commentary: As its botanical name 'antidysenterica' implies, Kutaja is one of the best Ayurvedic herbs for bolstering the natural defenses of the GI tract. A good herb to be aware of when traveling to exotic, foreign lands where maintaining healthy, well-formed stools is no joke. Kutaja enkindles the digestive fire, burns natural toxins and helps dispel excess pitta and kapha from the intestines. It's astringent and cooling properties soothe the mucous membranes of the GI tract and promote intestinal health and comfort.*

For a 1 lb bag click here For five lbs or more in bulk click here

Herbal tablets that contain Kutaja include: Mahasudarshan and Para Cleanse

Herbal powder formulas that contain Kutaja include: Mahasudarshan

This product is organically grown and processed in accordance with the USDA's National Organic Program (NOP).

For more information on Kutaja visit:

Herbs for life: Kutaja monograph

http://www.herbsforlife.co.uk/monograph.asp?h=65&p=m&t=d

Search index page description Banyan Botanicals Kutaja bark powder is USDA certified organic, sustainably sourced, and fairly traded. Kutaja is also known as Kurchi or Kureya (Hindi), Kutaja (Sanskrit), Kelindhal (Sinhalese), and Kurchi tree or Conessi tree (English). The botanical name of Kutaja is Holarrhena antidysenterica. Kutaja bark powder is available in ½ lb and 1 lb bags and in bulk bags of 5 lbs or more.

Fair Use Source: http://www.banyanbotanicals.com/prodinfo.asp?number=7632&variation=&aitem=79&mitem=125


Botanical name: Holarrhena antidysenterica, H. pubescens, Apocynaceae

Other names: Indrayava, ‘Indra’s seeds’ (S), Kurchi, Kuda (H), Kutashappalai, Veppalai (T), Kurchi tree, Conessi tree (E), Dong gua (C)

KutajaBotany: Kutaja is a shrub or small tree with pale coloured bark that exudes a whitish latex when cut. The leaves are simple, broadly ovate to elliptic, glabrous or pubescent, with 10-14 pairs of conspicuous nerves, oppositely arranged on short petioles. The flowers are white, without odour, borne in terminal flat-topped cymes, giving rise to long narrow fruits that are tipped with a crown of brown hairs. Kutaja is found throughout India and Southeast Asia, in deciduous forests up to 900 meters (Warrier et al 1995, 156; Kirtikar and Basu 1935, 1570).

Part used: Bark (Kutaja), seeds (Indrayava).

Dravyaguna:

   *
     Rasa: katu
   *
     Vipaka: laghu
   *
     Virya: shita
   *
     Karma: dipana, chardinigrahana, purishasangrahaniya, krimiaghna, jvaraghna, kasahara, svasahara, raktasthambhana, kushtaghna, Kaphahara (Srikanthamurthy 2001, 183, 245; Warrier et al 1995, 156; Dash 1991, 49).

Constituents: Researchers have isolated only a few classes of constituents from Kutaja, mostly alkaloids, as well as steroidal alkaloids and steroids. Among the alkaloidal constituents are conessine, conessimine, kurchine, conamine, conimine, conessidine, conarrhimine, holarrhimine, holarrhine and kurchicine. Steroidal alkaloids include antidysentericine and regholarrhenines A-F. Recently isolated steroidal compounds include pubadysone, puboestrene and pubamide. Other constituents include ?-sitosterol, a triterpene alcohol, lupeol, gum, lettoresinols A and B, and tannins (Williamson 2002, 173; Siddiqui et al 2001; Kumar and Ali 2000; Yoganarasimhan 2000, 272; Kapoor 1990, 205-6).

Medical research:

Antidysenteric: Williamson reports the details from a study published in 1968 in which Kutaja was shown to be effective in chronic and amoebic dysentery, conessine reported as the most active alkaloid (2002, 173), similar in action to emetine (Duke 2002, 219).

Antimicrobial: Holarrhena pubescens stem bark was tested for antibacterial efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Streptococcus faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa using the microdilution broth and disc diffusion methods. The crude methanolic extract was active against all tested bacteria, and was particularly active against S. aureus (Chakraborty and Brantner 1999).

Immunomodulant: An ethanolic extract of Holarrhena antidysenterica was studied on delayed type hypersensitivity, humoral responses to sheep red blood cells, skin allograft rejection, and phagocytic activity of the reticuloendothelial system in mice. H. antidysenterica appeared to stimulate phagocytic function while inhibiting the humoral component of the immune system (Atal et al 1986).

Toxicity: No data found

Indications: Dyspepsia, diarrhea, dysentery, amoebic dysentery, intestinal parasites, hemorrhoids, fever, malaria, asthma, pneumonia, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, internal hemorrhaging, menorrhagia, rheumatism, skin diseases.

Contraindications: Constipation, Vatakopa.

Medicinal uses: Kutaja is an exceptionally important and useful remedy in diarrhea and dysentery, and for this purpose the bark is preferred, which in addition to containing antimicrobial alkaloids also contains tannins that help to astringe the gut mucosa. Among the best remedies to treat infectious diarrhea is Kutaja arishta, a fermented preparation mentioned in the Bhaishajyaratnavali comprised of 10 parts Kutaja bark, 5 parts Draksha (Vitis vinifera), 2 parts Dhataki (Woodfordia fructicosa), and one part each of Madhukapushpa (Madhuca indica) and Gambhari (Gmelia arborea). Kutaja arishtam is taken in dosages of 12-24 mL in the treatment of dysentery, bloody diarrhea, malabsorptive syndromes, and fever (India 1978, 7). In the treatment of diarrhea the Chakradatta recommends a churna comprised of equal parts Trikatu, Indrayava, Nimba, Bhunimba, Bhringaraja, Chitraka, Katuka, Patha (Cissampelos pariera), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata) and Ativisha (Aconitum heterophyllum), the total of which is mixed with an equal quantity of Kutaja, taken in doses of 3-5 g with rice water or honey (Sharma 2002, 47). Simpler formulations mentioned by the Chakradatta include a decoction of Indrayava, Kutaja and Musta, 30-120 mL, taken with sugar and honey, or Kutaja and Dadima (Punica granatum pericarp) prepared as a thick extract by decoction, taken in teaspoonful doses with buttermilk (Sharma 2002, 53). In the treatment of hemorrhoids the Chakradatta recommends Kutajaleha, Kutajarasak riya, and Kutajadya ghrita, the latter of which is prepared by medicating ghee with equal parts Kutaja, Nagakeshara, Nilotpala (Monochoria hastata), Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa), and Dhataki (Woodfordia fructicosa), taken in doses of 3-12 g (Sharma 2002, 90). Beyond its ability to check the secretions of the digestive tract, Kutaja is also widely used as an antihemorrhagic. In the treatment of menorrhagia Kutaja can be combined with herbs such as Arjuna, Bilva and Nilotpala (Monochoria hastata), or Western herbs such as Shepherd’s Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) and Cranesbill (Geranium maculatum). For pthisis and tuberculosis Kutaja can be used to check bleeding, in combination with herbs such as Vasaka, Amalaki, Pushkaramula (Inula helenium) and Arjuna. Combined with equal parts Amalaki, Arjuna and Nimba, Kutaja is taken as a powder with honey for the Paittic variants of polyuria, indicated by polyuria with symptoms of burning sensations, the urine colored deep yellow to red, with a pungent odour (Sharma 2002, 326).

Dosage:

• Churna: bark and/or seed, 3-8 g b.i.d.-t.i.d. • Tincture: bark, 1:3, 70% alcohol, 2-5 mL b.i.d.-t.i.d.

Fair Use Source: http://www.toddcaldecott.com/index.php/herbs/learning-herbs/301-kutaja

holarrhena_antidysenterica.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:12 (external edit)