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 +Part of the List of [[Dharma Terms]] from the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] Course ([[SKT220]] ) on [[Sanskrit Terms]] of [[Ayurveda]] and [[Dharma]]
 +----
 +
 +
 +======= Ngondro - Preliminary Practices =======
 +
 +
 +[[Ngondro]] - [[Preliminary Practice]]
 +
 +{{Tibetan Buddhism}}
 +'''​Ngöndro'''​ (Tib., wylie: ''​sngon '​gro'',<​ref>​Dharma Dictionary (2008). ''​Preliminary Practices (sngon '​gro)''​. Source: [http://​rywiki.tsadra.org/​index.php/​Ngondro] (accessed: January 29, 2008)</​ref>​ pronounced "​nundro";​ known in Sanskrit as pūrvaka<​ref>​Source:​ [http://​books.google.com.au/​books?​id=K6cG-Y35YcUC&​pg=PA193&​lpg=PA193&​dq=purvaka&​source=bl&​ots=b3f5Cb1lgD&​sig=83oXx0RqiAcho-l9su6baUVpSUg&​hl=en&​ei=PrtqS7e-PNCHkAW4pOD4Aw&​sa=X&​oi=book_result&​ct=result&​resnum=8&​ved=0CB8Q6AEwBw#​v=onepage&​q=&​f=false] (accessed: Thursday February 4, 2010)</​ref><​ref>​Dharma Fellowship (2009). ''​The Way of the Yogi''​. Source: [http://​www.dharmafellowship.org/​library/​essays/​way-of-the-yogi.htm] (accessed: Thursday February 4, 2010)</​ref>​) refers to the preliminary,​ preparatory or foundational '​practices'​ or '​disciplines'​ (Sanskrit: ''​[[sadhana]]''​) common to all four schools of [[Tibetan Buddhism]] and also to [[Bön]]. The Tibetan term ''​ngöndro ''​ literally denotes meanings in the range of "​something that goes before, something which precedes."<​ref>​Rangjung Yeshe Tibetan-English Dictionary of Buddhist Culture. Source [http://​www.nitartha.org/​dictionary_search04.html] (accessed: June 17, 2008),</​ref>​ The preliminary practices establish the foundation for the more advanced and rarefied [[Vajrayana]] [[sadhana]] which are held to engender realization and the embodiment of [[Dzogchen|enlightenment]]. In addition to what is generally denoted by the term ''​ngöndro'',​ preparatory practices may also be prescribed for senior and advanced sadhana, eg.: "​differentiating saṃsāra and nirvāṇa"​ (Wylie: ''<​nowiki>'</​nowiki>​khor <​nowiki>'</​nowiki>​das ru shan''​) is the preparatory practice of ''​[[Kadag Trekchö]]''​.<​ref>​Pettit,​ John Whitney (1999). ''​Mipham'​s Beacon of Certainty: Illuminating the View of Dzogchen, the Great Perfection''​. Boston: Wisdom Publications (1999). ISBN 0861711572. p.81</​ref>​. ​
 +
 +== History ==
 +The use of the practices of [[Vajrasattva]],​ [[Mandala]] offering and [[Guru Yoga]] as preliminaries to the practice of [[anuttarayogatantra]] [[sadhana]]s was well established in [[India]].{{Citation needed|date=August 2009}} In Tibet, the tradition came to include [[prostration]] practice and the accumulation of large numbers of each practice.
 +
 +==Outer and inner preliminaries==
 +
 +In general the preliminary practices are divided into two sections or kinds: the first are the common or ordinary kind of preliminary practices, and the second are the special or extraordinary kind of preliminaries.
 +
 +==='​Four preliminaries'​ or 'Four reminders'​ (Tibetan: ''​thun mong ngon dro nam pa zhi'';​ ''​tun mong gi ngon dro shi''​)===
 +
 +The [http://​www.rinpoche.com/​glossary.htm Namo Buddhist Glossary] ​ (undated) renders the "Four preliminaries"​ as the:
 +<​blockquote>​
 +*...four foundations of [[meditation]] (Tib. tun mong gi ngon dro shi) These are the four thoughts that turn the [[mind]]. They are reflection on [[precious human birth]], [[impermanence]] and the inevitability of [[death]], [[karma]] and its effects, and the [[pervasive]]ness of [[suffering]] in [[samsara]].<​ref>​The Namo Buddha Glossary (undated). ''​Four Foundations of Meditation''​. Source: [http://​www.rinpoche.com/​glossary.htm] (accessed: January 29, 2008)</​ref>​
 +*...four ordinary foundations (Tib. tün mong gi ngon dro shi) This is meditation on the four thoughts that turn the mind towards dharma which are the precious human birth, impermanence,​ samsara, and karma.<​ref>​The Namo Buddha Glossary (undated). ''​Four Ordinary Foundations''​. Source: [http://​www.rinpoche.com/​glossary.htm] (accessed: January 29, 2008)</​ref>​
 +*...four thoughts that turn the mind (Tib. blo do nam shi) These are realizing the preciousness of human birth, the impermanence of life, the faults of samsara, and realizing that [[pleasure]] and suffering result from good and bad actions.<​ref>​The Namo Buddha Glossary (undated). ''​Four Thoughts That Turn The Mind''​. Source: [http://​www.rinpoche.com/​glossary.htm] (accessed: January 29, 2008)</​ref>​
 +</​blockquote>​
 +
 +The common or ordinary preliminaries are often referred to as the "four thoughts which turn the mind towards [[Dharma]]"​.{{Citation needed|date=January 2008}} These consist of contemplations,​ reflections or meditations on:
 +# the freedoms and advantages of precious human rebirth
 +# the truth of impermanence and [[change]]
 +# the workings of [[karma]]
 +# the suffering of living beings within [[Samsara]]
 +
 +NB: the Four Ordinary Foundations should not be conflated with the [[Satipatthana]].
 +
 +===Inner preliminaries===
 +The special or extraordinary kind of preliminaries consist of :
 +
 +# taking of [[refuge]] in the [[Three Jewels|three roots]] in conjunction with the performance of 100,000 [[prostration]] (Buddhism)|[[prostration]]s]] (purifying pride)<​ref>'​[[prostration]]s'​ may also be subsumed within sadhana repetitions of various [[vinyasa]] forms of [[yogic]] [[discipline]],​ such as [[Trul Khor]], eg.</​ref><​ref>​{{cite web|url=http://​blog.dwbuk.org/​diamond-way-buddhism/​lama-gendun-rinpoche-on-[[prostration]]s/​|title =Lama Gendun Rinpoche on [[prostration]]s|accessdate =2010-11-07|publisher =Diamond Way Buddhism}}</​ref>​
 +# cultivation of [[Bodhichitta]] ([[purify]]ing [[jealous]]y). In some formulations this is included under 1.    ​
 +# 100,​000 ​ [[recitation]]s of [[Vajrasattva]]'​s [[Hundred Syllable Mantra]] (purifying [[hatred]] - [[aversion]])
 +# 100,000 [[mandala]] offerings (purifying [[attachment]])
 +# 100,000 [[guru yoga]] practices (purifying [[delusion]])
 +
 +These practices purify negative deeds and accumulate [[merit]]. ​
 +Traditionally ngöndro practice is done for the [[enlightenment]] of the spiritual aspirant and for the benefit of all sentient beings. That is, the merit of doing the practices is dedicated to all sentient beings.
 +These practices can take 1,500 hours of work to accomplish once. Some practitioners do them multiple times. In retreat, that might take six months. Done mixed into daily life it might take years.
 +
 +==Various ngöndros==
 +
 +Ngöndro is an essential practice of all schools of [[Tibetan Buddhism]] as well as the indigenous Yungdrung Bön tradition. Each of the [[four main schools of Tibetan Buddhism]] — [[Gelug]], [[Kagyu]], [[Nyingma]] and [[Sakya]] have variations as to the order of the preliminaries,​ the [[refuge tree]]s visualized, the [[lineage]] [[Guru]]s and [[deities]] invoked, [[prayer]]s etc. 
 +
 +Despite these differences all Ngöndro practices have as their goal the enlightenment of the practitioner so that he/she may be of the greatest benefit to all [[sentient being]]s, i.e. the [[cultivation]] of "​[[bodhichitta]]"​. ​ While some novices may feel that the Ngöndro are somehow "​lesser"​ than various [[tantric practice]]s,​ they are a [[complete path to enlightenment]] in and of themselves. ​ The renowned Lama [[Patrul Rinpoche]] (1808-1887) is said to have practiced the [[Longchen Nyingthig]] Ngöndro repeatedly through of his life.
 +
 +Before receiving advanced tantric practices from a [[qualified spiritual teacher]] a Ngöndro usually must be completed and fully internalized. ​ Without this foundation, practicing Tantra would be like, "​planting a scorched seed, nothing will come of it."​{{Citation needed|date=January 2008}} ​ This was not the case in India or early Tibet, however, as the formalized Ngöndro known today was developed in Tibet.  ​
 +
 +===Bön===
 +*[[Nyam Gyud Ngöndro]] There are actually 2 cycles of Ngöndro in Bön - Zhang Zhung Nyam Gyud and A Khrid. There are some minor differences between the two, however generally the practices are:
 +** Opening the Heart
 +** [[Meditation on Impermanence]]
 +** Admitting Misdeeds ([[Repentance]]
 +** [[Bodhichitta]]
 +** [[Refuge]]
 +** [[Mandala Offering]]
 +** Purification Through Mantra
 +** Offering the Body
 +** [[Guru Yoga]]
 +
 +===Gelug===
 +*[[Lam Rim]] Ngöndro - sometimes enumerated as having nine rather than five components, with the additional ones being: ​ (6) [[Dorje Khadro]] ([[Vajra Daka]]) practice, in which [[black sesame seed]]s are visualized negativities offered in a fire to the mouth of the fierce deity Dorje Khadro, who consumes them; offering of (7) [[water bowl]]s, 8) [[Tsa tsa]] (clay or plaster images of the [[Gautama Buddha|Buddha]]),​ and (9) [[Samaya Vajra]] ([[Damtsig Dorje]]) [[mantra]].
 +
 +===Kagyu===
 +
 +The various subsects of the [[Kagyu]] [[lineage]] tend to practice slightly different ngöndro practices. ​
 +One of the most common in the [[Karma Kagyu]] lineage, called the ''​Chariot for Travelling the Path to Freedom'',​ was written by 9th [[Karmapa]] [[Wangchuk Dorje]].
 +In the [[Shambhala Buddhist]] community, a Primordial [[Rigden]] Ngöndro written by [[Sakyong Mipham Rinpoche]] is practiced as a preliminary to various [[Terma (religion)|terma]]-derived practices received by [[Chogyam Trungpa]] [[Rinpoche]]. Practitioners later go on to practice the [[Karma Kagyu]] ngöndro and in some cases one of the [[Nyingma]] ngöndro practices.
 +
 +There is also a recent english transliteration of Drukpa Kargyud Ngondro written by HH Shakya Rinchen, the 9th Jey Khenpo of [[wp>​Bhutan]],​ titled ​ " The Chariot of Liberation to the Vajra Abode" with detailed footnote and important commentaries by HH Jey Tenzin Dondup, the 69th Supreme Lord Abbot of Bhutan.
 +
 +===Nyingma===
 +*[[Longchen Nyingthig]] Ngöndro (Wyl. klong chen snying thig)
 +
 +The Longchen Nyingthik (Tib. "Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse"​) is a Terma cycle revealed by the master [[Jigme Lingpa]]. Since its inception in the late 18th century, it has become one of the most widespread sets of teachings in the [[Nyingmapa]] tradition. It is particularly known and loved for its extensive [[commentarial literature]] ([[shastra]]),​ which includes practice manuals such as the famed Kunzang Lama'i Shelung ("​[[Words of my Perfect Teacher]]"​).
 +
 +These teachings were originally transmitted by the master [[Padmasambhava]] to King [[Trisong Deutsen]], the [[Dakini]] [[Yeshe Tsogyal]] and the [[Lotsawa]] ​ ("​translator"​) [[Vairotsana]] at [[Samye]] Monastery in central Tibet. As the time for these teachings to spread was not yet right, they were then written in symbolic [[script]] by Yeshe Tsogyal, entrusted to the [[Dakini]]s,​ and hidden to be revealed at a later time. The king later [[reincarnate]]d as the [[terton]] ("​[[treasure revealer]]"​) Jigme Lingpa. ​ Then, recognizing the time was ripe for them to be practiced, put them down in writing and began to teach.
 +
 +Jigme Lingpa was a reincarnation of two important masters, [[Vimalamitra]]<​ref>​[http://​www.rigpawiki.org/​index.php?​title=Longchen_Nyingtik Longchen Nyingtik] at Rigpawiki</​ref>​ and King Trisong Deutsen.<​ref>​Approaching the [[Great Perfection]] Simultaneous and [[Gradual Method]]s of [[Dzogchen]] Practice in the Longchen Nyingtig (2003) [[Sam van Schaik|Van Schaik, Sam]], [[Wisdom Publications]],​ ISBN: 0-86171-370-2 p 33</​ref>​ As the embodiment of these two figures, Tibet'​s two primary Dzogchen lineages were combined in him—the [[Vima Nyingthik]] and [[Khandro Nyingthik]],​ both of which are contained in the [[Nyingthik Yabshi]]. Hence, the [[Longchen Nyingthig]] terma cycle is considered a condensation of these profound teachings.
 +
 +The texts that were revealed by Jigme Lingpa, in their present-day form, comprise three volumes, known as the [[Nyingthig Tsapod]] (Wylie:''​snying thig rtsa pod''​). The numerous [[treatise]]s ([[shastra]]),​ sadhanas and prayers it contains deal primarily with tantric practice, in particular the '​stages of Development'​ ([[generation stage]] - Tibetan: ''​[[kye-rim]]''​) and [[Dzogchen]].
 +* [[Nam Cho]] Ngöndro
 +
 +The Nam Cho is the "sky / space treasure"​ [[Terma (Buddhism)|terma]] as revealed by [[Terton]] [[Migyur Dorje]] in the [[Palyul]] tradition. ​ This Ngöndro practice is known as "​Buddha in the Palm of your Hand" ([[Liberation in the Palm of Your Hand]]) and is preliminary for Dzogchen practice, where one can realize the [[mind'​s nature]].
 +
 +The uncommon preliminaries are: [[Refuge]], [[Bodhichitta]],​ [[Mandala Offering]], [[Long Mandala Offering]], The Kusali [[Chod]], [[Vajrasattva]],​ [[Guru Yoga]], [[Phowa]] ([[Transference of Consciousness]]),​ [[Chenrezig]] Generation in the [[Six Realms]]. ​ It includes "The Vajra Verses of the Nam Cho Dzogchen."​
 +
 +Terton Migyur Dorje received them from [[Arya]] [[Avalokiteshvara]] and [[Guru Rinpoche]] ([[Padmasambhava]]) and then transmitted them to Karma Changmed Rinpoche. ​  
 +
 +*[[Dudjom Rinpoche#​Dudjom_Tersar|Dudjom Tersar]] Ngöndro
 +*[[Chokling Tersar]] Ngöndro
 +*[[Könchok Chidü]] Ngöndro
 +*[[Rangjung Pema Nyingthig]] Ngöndro
 +
 +===Sakya===
 +*Sakya Ngöndro
 +
 +==The practice of ngöndros==
 +
 +Like other [[Vajrayana]] practices, ngöndro was once held in greater [[secrecy]] than today. Fifty years ago the only Westerners that would have known about Ngöndro would have been Himalayan seekers such as [[John Blofeld]], [[Heinrich Harrer]], and [[Alexandra David-Neel]]. Today, with the spread of Tibetan Buddhism to the West, there are many practitioners working on different stages of ngöndro at the various Tibetan Buddhist centers in the West, in addition to practitioners at centers and monasteries in [[Tibet]], [[wp>​Nepal]],​ [[wp>​Ladakh]],​ [[India]] and [[wp>​Bhutan]].
 +
 +==References==
 +{{Reflist|2}}
 +
 +==Further reading==
 +* Blofeld, John. ''​The Tantric [[Mysticism]] of Tibet''​. Prajna Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1982
 +* Chagdud [[Tulku]] Rinpoche. ''​Ngondro Commentary: Instructions for the Concise Preliminary Practices of the New Treasure of Dudjom''​. Padma Publishing, Junction City, CA., 1995.
 +* [[Jamgon Kongtrul]]. (trans. by Judith Hanson). ''​The Torch of Certainty''​. ​ [[Shambhala Publications]],​ Boston ​ 1994.  (This is a classic text by the great 19th century [[polymath]],​ [[Jamgon Kongtrul]] the Great, with contemporary commentaries by [[Kalu Rinpoche]], [[Deshung Rinpoche]], and [[Chogyam Trungpa]] Rinpoche.)
 +*Kalu Rinpoche. ''​The Foundations of Tibetan Buddhism: The Gem Ornament of Manifold [[Oral Instruction]]s Which Benefits Each and Everyone Appropriately''​. [[Snow Lion Publications]],​ Ithaca, New York, 1999.
 +*[[Patrul Rinpoche]], "​[[Words of My Perfect Teacher]]",​ translated by the [[Padmakara Translation Group]], Shambhala Publications,​ Boston, 1994 
 +*[[Khenpo]] Ngawang Pelzang, "A Guide to the Words of My Perfect Teacher"​ translated by the Padmakara Translation Group, [[Shambhala Publications]],​ Boston, 2004
 +*[[Dilgo Khytentse]] Rinpoche, "The Excellent Path to Enlightenment"​ translated by the Padmakara Translation Group, Snow Lion Publications,​ Ithaca NY, 1996
 +*Jigme Lingpa, "​Dzogchen - Innermost Essence Preliminary Practice"​ translated by Tulku Thondup, ISBN 8185102198, 1982/2002
 +*Third [[Dzogchen Rinpoche]], "Great Perfection: Outer and Inner Preliminaries"​ (Khandro Nyingtik) translated by Cortland Dahl, ISBN 1559392851, 2008, [http://​www.snowlionpub.com/​html/​product_9433.html]
 +* Entrance to the Great Perfection: A Guide to the Dzogchen preliminary Practices, translated by Cortland Dahl, ISBN 978-1-55939-339-3[http://​www.snowlionpub.com/​html/​product_9955.html]
 +
 +==External links==
 +*[http://​www.drukpa.com/​index.php/​teachings/​by-our-dragon-masters/​38-gdrukpa/​10-ngondro Ngondro Practice]
 +*[http://​www.lotsawahouse.org/​ngondro.html Lotsawa House] -Ngöndro Series with translations of texts on ngöndro by Patrul Rinpoche, [[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]] and other Tibetan masters.
 +*[http://​www.diamondway-teachings.org/​export/​en/​content/​shamar/​shamar4.html www.diamondway-teachings.org] Teaching on Chagchen Ngondro by Kunzig Shamar Rinpoche.
 +*[http://​www.saraswatibhawan.org/​dharmafree/​Dudjom%20Short%20Ngondro.pdf Dudjom Short Ngondro]
 +*[http://​www.namsebangdzo.com/​Dzogchen_Innermost_Essence_p/​5301.htm Jigme Lingpa - Longchen Nyingthig Ngondro]
 +*[http://​palyulproductions.org/​html/​ngondro_practice.html Migyur Dorje - Nam Cho Ngondro]
 +*[http://​www.lotsawahouse.org/​dudjom_tersar.html Ngondro Notes]
 +*[http://​www.abuddhistlibrary.com/​Buddhism/​A%20-%20Tibetan%20Buddhism/​Authors/​Dudjom%20Rinpoche/​The%20Dzogchen%20View%20of%20Tantra/​Dzogchen%20View%20of%20Tantric%20Ngondro.htm Dzogchen View of Tantric Ngondro]
 +
 +{{Buddhism topics}}
 +
 +{{DEFAULTSORT:​Ngondro}}
 +[[Category:​Tibetan Buddhist practices]]
 +
 +[[cs:​Ngöndro]]
 +[[de:​Ngöndro]]
 +[[es:​Ngondro]]
 +[[fr:​Ngöndro]]
 +[[it:​Ngöndro]]
 +[[pl:​Nyndro]]
 +[[ru:​Нёндро]]
 +[[uk:​Ньондро]]
 +
 +http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Ng%C3%B6ndro
 +
 +
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 +List of [[Dharma Terms]] | [[Buddha | Previous Term]] | [[Dharma | Next Term]]
 +
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[[Glossary of Dharma]] and [[Ayurvedic Terms]] | [[Recent Changes]]
 +
 +====== Fair Use Bibliographic Sources ======
 +[[Fair Use]]: ​
 +Primary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Ron Epstein]], Ph.D, compiler, [[Buddhism A to Z]], Burlingame, [[California]],​ [[Buddhist Text Translation Society]], 2003, p. 
 +[[ISBN 0881393533]] ​ Paperback: 284 pages. ​ http://​www.BTTSOnline.org ​    ​www.Amazon.com ​  
 +http://​www.bttsonline.org/​product.aspx?​pid=118
 +http://​www.amazon.com/​gp/​product/​0881393533/​ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20
 +and many other sources (see [[Bibliography]]).
 +
 +Primary Original Source: The [[Tripitaka]] of [[Sutra]], [[Shastra]] and [[Vinaya]] [[Dharma]] teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the [[India]]n [[Sanskrit]]- [[Siddham]],​ [[Chinese]],​ [[Tibetan]] and [[Japanese]] traditions of the [[Nalanda Tradition]] of ancient [[Nalanda University]]) of [[Shakyamuni Buddha]], and his [[Arya]] [[Sagely]] [[Bodhisattva]] [[Bhikshu]] [[Monk]] and [[Upasaka]] disciples.
 +
 +These [[Good and Wise Advisors]] ([[Kaliyanamitra]]) [[Dharma Master]] teachers include [[Arya]] [[Venerable]]s [[Om Tare Tuttare Ture]] [[Om Ah Hum]] and [[Namo]] to [[Jivaka]], [[Charaka]],​ [[Lao Zi]] - [[Mahakashapa]],​ [[Ashwagosha]],​ [[Shantideva]] - [[Hui Neng]] - [[Shen Kai]] [[Sheng Ren Shr]], [[Bodhidharma]],​ the 16 [[Nalanda Acharyas]] 1. [[Nagarjuna]]-[[Manjushri]],​ 2. [[Arydeva]],​ 3. [[Buddhapalita]],​ 4. [[Bhavaviveka]],​ 5. [[Chandrakirti]] and [[Chandragomin]],​ 6. [[Shantideva]],​ 7. [[Shantarakshita]],​ 8. [[Kamalashila]],​ 9. [[Asanga]]-[[Maitreya]],​ 10. [[Vasubhandu]],​ 11. [[Dignaga]],​ 12. [[Dharmakirti]],​ 13. [[Vimuktisena]],​ 14. [[Haribhadra]],​ 15. [[Gunaprabha]],​ 16. [[Shakyaprabha]];​ [[Dharmarakshita]],​ [[Atisha]], [[Tsong Khapa]], [[Thogme Zangpo]], [[Nyingma]] [[Padmasambhava]],​ [[Yeshe Tsogyel]], [[Machig Lapdron]], [[Tilopa]], [[Naropa]], [[Milarepa]],​ [[Langri Tangpa]], [[Sakya Pandita]], [[Kumarajiva]],​ [[Xuan Zang]], [[Baozhi]], [[Hui Yuan]], ​ [[Daosheng]],​ [[Changzhi]],​ [[Fazang]], [[Han Shan]], [[Shi De]], [[Yunmen]], [[Nichiren]],​ [[Honen]], [[Shinran]],​ [[Kukai]], [[Dogen]], [[Hakuin]], [[Jamgon Kongtrul]], [[Nyingma]] [[Penor Rinpoche]], [[Bakula Rinpoche]], [[Dagri Rinpoche]], [[Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Lama Kongchog]], [[Longchen Rapjampa]] - [[Gosok Rinpoche]], [[Phabongkha Rinpoche]], [[Patrul Rinpoche]], [[Tenzin Gyatso]] the [[Dalai Lama]], [[Sakya Trizin]], [[Hsu Yun]], [[Hsuan Hua]], [[Lama Zopa Rinpoche]], [[Choden Rinpoche]], [[Garchen Rinpoche]], [[Karmapa]],​ [[Mingyur Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Ngwang Dakpa]], [[Geshe Sopa Rinpoche]], [[Seung Sahn]], [[Thich Nhat Hanh]], [[Ajahn Chah]], [[Ajahn Sumedho]], [[S. N. Goenka]], [[Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha]], making [[offerings]] and [[b [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]]. And [[Om Ah Hum]] thanks to other [[modern day masters]]. ​ We consider them to be in accord with [[Tripitaka Master]] [[Hsuan Hua]]’s "​[[Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers]]"​
 +
 +[[Nalanda Online University]]'​s teachings are based especially on the following [[Buddhist Scriptures]]:​ [[Lama]] [[Tsong Khapa]]'​s [[Lam Rim]], the Dharma Flower [[Lotus Sutra]], the [[Avatamsaka Sutra]], the [[Shurangama Sutra]], the [[Ksitigarbha Sutra]], the [[Bhaisajya Guru Sutra]], the [[Dharani Sutra]], the [[Vajra Sutra]], the [[Prajna Paramita]] Hridayam [[Heart Sutra]], the [[Vimalakirti Sutra]], the [[Sanghata Sutra]], the [[Sutra of Golden Light]], the [[Srimala Devi Sutra]], the [[Sutra in 42 Sections]], the [[Mahaparinirvana Sutra]], the [[Hui Neng Sutra]], [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Shastra on the Door to Understanding the Hundred Dharmas]], Maitreya'​s [[Ornament for Clear Realizations]] ([[Abhisamayalamkara]]),​ [[Chandrakirti]]'​s [[Supplement to Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way]] ([[Madhyamakavatara]]),​ [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Treasury of Manifest Knowledge]] ([[Abhidharmakosha]]),​ [[Eight Verses of Training the Mind]] ([[Logong]]),​ and the [[Tantra]]s and [[Mantra]]s of the [[Vajrayana]] the [[42 Hands and Eyes]], [[Guhyasamaja]],​ the [[Kalachakra]],​ the [[Vajrayogini]],​ the [[Heruka]], the [[Chakrasamvara]],​ the [[Chod]], the [[Hayagriva]],​ the [[Hevajra]],​ the [[Yamantaka]],​ the [[Kalarupa]],​ the [[Manjushri Nama Samgiti]], the [[Vajrakilaya]],​ the [[Vajrapani]],​ the [[Vajra Claws Dakini]], the [[Mahakala]],​ the [[Tara]], the [[White Umbrella Goddess]] ([[She Dan Do Bo Da La]]), [[Kirti Losang Trinle]]'​s [[Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra]], and [[Aku Sherab Gyatso]]'​s [[The Two Stages of the Guhyasamaja Tantra]] and their commentaries ([[shastra]]s) by the above Arya [[Tripitakacharya]] [[Dharma Master]]s. Making [[offerings]] and [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]].
 +
 +
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: The [[Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism]], 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://​www.budaedu.org.tw
 +
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, [[Digital Dictionary of Buddhism]] [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007:  Username is "​guest",​ with no password.
 +http://​buddhism-dict.net/​ddb - Based in large part on the [[Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms]] with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by [[Soothill]] and Hodous) Delhi, India: [[Motilal Banarsidass]],​ 1997.
 +
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The [[Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen]], Boston, Massachusetts:​ [[Shambhala Publications]],​ 1991.  296 pages. ​ ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 ​ http://​www.Shambhala.com,​
 +http://​www.amazon.com/​gp/​product/​0877735204/​ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20,​
 +http://​www.shambhala.com/​html/​catalog/​items/​isbn/​978-0-87773-520-5.cfm
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Vaidya]] [[Vasant Lad]], [[Textbook of Ayurveda]], [[Ayurvedic Press]], 2002; 
 +[[Vasant Lad]], [[BAMS]], [[MAsc]], [[Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes]], [[Ayurvedic Institute]],​ 1994-2006; ​
 +
 +----
 +NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under [[Shastra tradition]] and "​[[Fair Use]]" by an [[Anonymous]] [[Buddhist Monk]] [[Redactor]] (Compiler) of this Online [[Buddhist Encyclopedia]] Compilation) ​
 +
 +----
 +----
 +====== Course Codes ======
 +[[Course Codes]] for the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning]] Program are as follows:
 +[[AYR108]] | [[HRB108]] | [[CLN301]] | [[HUM108]] | [[HIS108]] | [[YOG108]] | [[NUT108]] | [[AYR190]] | [[AYR220]] | [[AYR230]] | [[AYR240]] | [[AYR241]] | [[AYR250]] | [[AYR260]] | [[SKT108]] | [[SKT210]] |[[SKT220]] | [[SUT310]]
 +
 +----
 +====== Technical Notes ======
 +See the [[Technical Notes]] please.
 +
 +====== Contact Us ======
 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
 +San Francisco Bay Area: 1-510-292-6696
 +
 +====== About Medicine Buddha Healing Center ======
 +[[About Us]]: [[Clinic]] and [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of
 +[[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]]
 +• The most comprehensive Clinical multimedia audio and video-based Buddhist [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning|Ayurvedic Distance Learning Program]] on the Planet --- from introductory 225-Hour [[Clinical Ayurveda Therapist]] ([[Clinical Ayurveda Therapist|CAT]]) to most advanced 3200-Hour [[Doctorate of Ayurveda]] (PhD).
 +** No One Turned Away Due to Lack of Funds ** ([[Dana Paramita]] - Perfecting Generosity)
 +• MP3 recordings of over 2000 Patient Consultations for Clinical Experience. Searchable database of photographs of [[tongue diagnosis]] and [[iPod]]-[[iPad]]-[[iPhone]] compatible audio files of our Ayurveda client visits. (see [[CLN301]])
 + ----
 +[[http://​www.Ayurveda-Berkeley.com | Ayurveda-Berkeley.com]] ​ |  [[http://​www.Ayurveda-California.com | www.Ayurveda-California.com]]
 +[[http://​www.Ayurveda-School.net | www.Ayurveda-School.net]] ​ |  [[http://​www.Ayurveda-TCM.com | www.Ayurveda-TCM.com]]
 +http://​ayurveda-tcm.com/​ayurvedic-chinese-medicine-distance-learning
 +[[http://​www.Nalanda-University.com | www.Nalanda-University.com]] ​ |  [[http://​www.BhaisajyaGuru.com | Error! Hyperlink reference not valid.]]
 +====== Facebook-YouTube-Twitter ======
 +http://​www.facebook.com/​Ayurvedic.Healing
 +http://​twitter.com/​medicine_buddha
 +Please "​friend us" and subscribe to our Buddhist Ayurveda Television:
 +http://​www.youtube.com/​AyurvedicMedicine
 +http://​www.archive.org/​details/​ayurveda_institute
 +----
 +[[Medicine Buddha Mantra]]: [[Om]] [[Namo]] [[Bhagavate]] [[Bhaisajya]] [[Guru]] [[Vaidurya]] [[Prabaha]] [[Rajaya]] [[Tathagataya]] [[Arhate]] [[Samyamsambodhi]] [[Tadyata]] [[Om]] [[Bhaisajye]] Bhaisajye [[Bhaisajya]] [[Samudgate]] [[Svaha]]. ​
 +[[Medicine King Bodhisattva]] [[Jeweled Ax Mantra]] 16 (Line 64 of the 
[[Great Compassion Mantra]] of [[Avalokiteshvara]]) of the [[42 Hands and Eyes Mantras]]: ​
 +[[Syi lu seng e mu chywe ye Nan Wei la ye Wei la ye Sa wa he]].
 +----
 +[[Recent Changes]] | [[Disclaimers]] | [[Donate]] | [[Help]] | [[Dedication of Merit]]
 +----
 + ​[[Ayurveda Dharma]] is available under the [[Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License | Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License]];​ Additional terms may apply. See [[Terms of Use]] for details. ​
 +[[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] and its [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] and [[Karma Clinic]] is a [[Non-Profit]] 501c3 [[Religious Organization]] - [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning]] Program. ​
 +Phone: 1-510-292-6696 [[http://​www.Ayurveda-Berkeley.com | Ayurveda-Berkeley.com]]
 +
 +
  
ngondro.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:12 (external edit)