Obesity is a medical classification regarding an extreme level of excessive body weight. It is a more serious classification on the Body Mass Index (BMI) scale than the overweight classification is. From a medical perspective, an obese person has accumulated enough body fat that it can negatively impact health.
If an adult's weight is at least 20% higher than his ideal weight (which is based upon the person's height), he is generally considered obese. An adult with a Body Mass Index (BMI) between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight. A BMI is 30 or over is considered obese.<ref>http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/obesity/</ref>
Because ideal weights vary by age and gender, childhood obesity is normally determined using a modified BMI table. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) publishes a set of tables used to determine BMI percentages children and teens. In these tables, children whose weight is equal to or greater than the 95% bracket are considered obese.<ref>About BMI for Children and Teens</ref>
In addition, the term obese can be used in a more general way to simply mean the “excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body”.<ref>Definition of obesity</ref>
Two of the major risk factors for becoming obese according to the Mayo Clinic are poor dietary choices and inactivity.<ref>http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/obesity/DS00314/DSECTION=causes</ref> Most individuals are overweight due to their dietary and exercise habits.<ref>
Although many people attempt to excuse away their overweight condition on their genetic makeup rather than exercise self-discipline when it comes to their diet and exercise habits, according to the Harvard University School of Public Health, most people can maintain a healthy weight through the establishment of healthy habits and maintaining an environment conducive to good health (emptying their refrigerator and cupboards of junk foods, etc.).<ref>Obesity - Genes are not destiny</ref>
In 2009, an Australian university study was done concerning the association between leisure time internet and computer use with being overweight/obese and also sedentary.<ref>http://www.jmir.org/2009/3/e28/</ref> The study concluded: “These findings suggest that, apart from nutritional and physical activity interventions, it may also be necessary to decrease time spent in sedentary behaviors, such as leisure-time Internet and computer use, in order to reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity.”<ref>http://www.jmir.org/2009/3/e28/</ref>
In the journal article Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: Associations, explanations, and implications, psychologists McCullough and Willoughby theorize that many of the positive links of religiousness with health and social behavior may be caused by religion's beneficial influences on self-control/self-regulation.<ref>Religion, Self-Regulation, and Self-Control: Associations, Explanations, and Implications</ref><ref>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19210054</ref> Furthermore, a 2012 Queen's University study published in Psychological Science found that religion replenishes self-control.<ref>''Religion Replenishes Self-Control'', ''Psychological Science'', June 2012 vol. 23 no. 6 635-642, Kevin Rounding, Albert Lee, Jill A. Jacobson and Li-Jun Ji at Queen’s University</ref><ref>Study finds religion helps us gain self-control</ref> Also, numerous studies indicate that those who engage in regular spiritual practices have lower mortality rates.<ref>Religious involvement and mortality: a meta-analytic review. McCullough ME, Hoyt WT, Larson DB, Koenig HG, Thoresen C., Health Psychol. 2000 May;19(3):211-22.</ref> <ref>''The role of spirituality in health care'', roc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2001 October; 14(4): 352–357.</ref>
According to the Gallup Inc., “Very religious Americans are more likely to practice healthy behaviors than those who are moderately religious or nonreligious.”<ref>http://www.gallup.com/poll/145379/Religious-Americans-Lead-Healthier-Lives.aspx</ref>
For more information, please see: Atheism and obesity
Although obesity is usually the result of overeating and lack of exercise, in a small percentage of cases excess weight gain is a symptom of a disease such as hypothyroidism or Cushing's syndrome.<ref>Medical causes of obesity, WebMD</ref>
Obesity has many causal factors. It can also be caused by improper hormone production or other malfunctions of various brain structures, including in particular the hypothalamus (site of the reward pathways, [this action=release of serotonin=feeling of pleasure]) and thyroid gland. A 2003 Duke University study shows a possible relationship between the number of children a person has and an increased risk of obesity. A woman's risk of obesity is raised 7% with each child; a man's risk is raised by 4%.<ref>Number of Children Associated with Obesity in Middle-Aged Women and Men: Results from the Health and Retirement Study</ref>
Obesity is most dangerous among the children and the elderly, whose bones, livers, and lungs are too weak to deal with the excess weight and fat. Obesity can significantly shorten a person's lifespan.
Many in the medical establishment consider obesity to be an illness<ref>Is Obesity a Disease? Medical News Today</ref>, in the sense that it is a serious medical condition, but disagree about the root causes of non-hormone related obesity. The medical world is nearly unanimously agreed that obesity is a big problem in the Western world, and in fact becoming a problem world wide.<ref>“… when it comes to obesity—which dominates nutrition problems even in some of the poorest countries of the world—it is the calories that count.” Eating Made Simple - Scientific American</ref>
Liberals' answer to this problem has been to shift responsibility from those who are overeating (not including people with medical factors that cause the problems), to regulating how much fat can be in foods, what foods can be served at what restaurants, and trying to put financial penalties on restaurants that serve “fatty” foods.
For more information on weight loss methods, please see: Bariatric science
See also: Health risks linked to obesity
Some of the medical conditions associated with obesity include: type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and triglycerides, coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, arthritis, cancer, sleep apnea, reproductive problems in women and varicose veins. Diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and CAD are most closely associated with unhealthy diets, while arthritis comes from the stress extra weight places on the body. Stokes, cancer, and reproductive problems less closely correlate with obesity. <ref>
research indicates that excess weight impairs brain function.<ref>
According to the Mayo Clinic some of the symptoms associated with obesity can include:
Concerning the issue of depression, atheists do have higher rates of suicide than the general population. For more information please see: Atheism and depression and Atheism and suicide.
The incidence of obesity varies by region within the United States. In 2010, the five leanest states (that is, the states with the lowest rates of obesity) were Colorado, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Massachusetts, and Hawaii. The five states with the highest rates of obesity were Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, West Virginia,and Louisiana. <ref>http://calorielab.com/news/2010/06/28/fattest-states-2010/</ref> A recent study states that in 2010, the only state with less than a 20% obesity rate is Colorado. Twenty years ago, there were no states with an obesity rate higher than 15%.<ref>More bad news about the obesity epidemic in-America</ref>
It has been noted that world obesity has risen, yet there is still an endless problem with starvation and hunger and malnutrition in both America and the world at large. A growing problem is food being horded and poorly distributed by groups like the United Nations, as well as poor food choices made by the less fortunate who would rather spend limited dollars on treat-like foods than on (admittedly harder to cook and less tasty, but better for you) choices like beans, rice, and canned vegetables. Liberals tend to deny the roles of personal choice and problems like greed in the UN, rather blaming the “establishment” for the entire problem of both hunger and obesity.
According to the Gallup Organization, “Very religious Americans are more likely to practice healthy behaviors than those who are moderately religious or nonreligious.”<ref>http://www.gallup.com/poll/145379/Religious-Americans-Lead-Healthier-Lives.aspx</ref> For more information please see: Atheism and obesity.
Many people overeat in response to negative emotions such as depression, anxiety and boredom.<ref>http://www.obesitypsychiatry.com/id2.html</ref> Concerning atheism and mental and physical health, there is considerable amount of scientific evidence that suggest that theism is more conducive to mental and physical health than atheism. For example, atheists have higher rates of suicide than the general population. For more information, please see: Atheism and obesity.
Below are some resources related to weight loss:
General weight loss tips:
Weight loss resources and tips:
Strength training and cardio exercise:
Other resources on how much exercise is needed to lose weight and importance of one day of rest per week:
Documentary on weight loss:
signs and symptoms]]: obesity means having too much body fat (adipose tissue). obesity generally is determined by calcuLating your body mass index (BMI), which measures weight for height and is stated in numbers. A BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese in adults – you are at a higher risk for certain health problems than those with a lower BMI. As BMI increases, your risk of health problems increases. obesity is considered a long-term, complex disease. Many factors are involved in determining why some people are heavier than others and how much risk they have for developing other health conditions. Some of these factors are genetic (you have inherited them) and others have to do with your culture, environment, and behavior. If your BMI is between 25 and 30, you are considered overweight (and also at increased risk for certain diseases).
(From Web MD)
IDEAL W[[eight]] - corresponding to [[Pr[[akruti]] and H[[eight]]
Height V-small Frame P-Medium Frame K-Large Frame 5’1’’ 112-120 118-129 126-141 5’2’’ 115-123 121-132 129-144 5’3’’ 118-126 124-135 132-147 5’4’’ 121-129 127-138 135-150 5’5’’ 124-132 130-141 138-153 5’10’’ 144-154 150-165 159-179 6’2’’ 160-171 167-185 178-199 6’4’’ 166-177 173-191 184-205
increase in Weight • Vata symptoms with large body weight - could be Kapha and meda blocking Vata • mamsa, meda, asthi vruddhi leads to increase in weight • low dhatu agnis undue production of raw dhatu high body weight • K disorders that lead to increase in weight: obesity, edema, Water retention, ascites, diabetes, acromegaly, underactive thyroid, hyperpituitary, nephrotic syndrome, pregnancy, K type prameha • if weight increases after intake of food low agni
[[love]] and [[food]] have deep [[relation]]ship
loss of Weight - due to dhatu kshaya hyperthyroidism, fast metabolism, chronic illness, TB, Malabsorption, Grahani]] - alternating constipation and diarrhea, malnourishment, cancer of GI track (esophagus, stomach, pancreas, colon), infective disease - typhoid, chronic anemia, V type depression or an[[xiety]], anorexia nervosa - V, ulcerative colitis - P
This chapter in Madhava agni Mandhya and Mandagni are 2 specific terms Mandagni = low gastric Fire. JA is suppressed by its antagonistic quality. For example, agni is hot, sharp, light, dry and devoid of liquid quality and subtle. opposite qualities are cold, dull, heavy, oily, excess liquid, gross. If we pay attention to these qualities of agni, as long as these qualities are there, agni is robust and healthy. cold food and drink can slow agni. Prolonged sleep or less physical activity also slow agni. dull qualities are present during sleep during day and slows agni. cheese is dull, meat is dull, w[[heat products are dull, gluten is dull. This dulling qulitity of food products slows agni.
light is another quality of agni. With light quality present food is broken down into smaller pieces quickly and feeling of heaviness and sleepiness is absent. But heavy meal slows agni and can cause mandagni.
Optimum liquid quality is present in the enzymes and that optimum liquid quality is necessary to bring about biochemical reaction. Maintained by Tyakta dravatwa. The wall of the stomach has intelligence of selectivity so that enzymes will not be diluted. Tyakta dravatwa is normal concentration of enzymes. excess liquid intake will dilute the digestive enzymes, resulting in Mandagni.
agni is subtle and penetrating, sharp. Because of these qualities, they can enter into the molecules of food, breaking them down into atoms. subtle quality of JA creates microchyle, ahararasa, the food precursors which nourish all bodily tissues.
digestion depends on 20 universal qualities. After each meal our agni is manda. Diminished agni happens after every meal, which is necessary. This agni is satisfied agni, brought by kledaka Kapha. The moment you eat food, the gastric mucus lining secrete]]s mucus secretion, which dulls the agni. That dulling brings satisfaction. When you have great hunger in the stomach and go on eating food, it calms hunger, appetite, and brings satisfaction. The Fire in the stomach is calmed by intake of food and that calming process is called mandagni. When eating is over, the appetite is finished. With healthy agni, hunger will not return until that food is digested. After a healthy meal, will not become hungry for 5 hours and will not crave food.
Ayurveda talks the language of gunas. Mandagni is temporary phase which is necessary after intake of food, present between 2 main meals. subtle digestion needs time 5 to 6 hours, and during this time agni is mandagni. Munching after 2 hours will disturb digestion, creating ama.
Munching is irregular agni, because of e[[motional reaction. If your agni is healthy, then lunch at 12:00 o’clock will satisfy the agni until 5:00 or 6:00. wrong state of agni is called agni Mandhya, imbalanced state of agni. agni Mandhya is slow state of agni. May be due to Vata, creating vishama agni; Pitta will create tikshna agni; Kapha will create mandagni. Kapha mandagni and healthy mandagni are s[[lightly different.
First study quality of agni of client. Many people have chronic agni mandhya, called dyspepsia. medical term for Mandagni is, in a different sense, anorexia, loss of appetite. Although this is not a proper term.
Vishama agni. vata disorder. Samana vaya, PP, KK and PV lose their functional integrity. Because of vishama quality of Vata, inhibition of function. This irregular status of agni creates improper digestion, sometimes appetite is strong, sometimes poor. hunger at irregular times. root cause of all vata disorders. affects digestion, absorption, assimilation. During process of digestion, bl[[oating]], constipation, discomfort. Produces ama with Vata qualities. blackish, brownish discoloration on tongue, indentations along margins of tongue, bl[[oating]] and discomfort. May create insomnia.
[[Ashwagandha]] 500 [[Chitrak]] 300 [[Triphala]] Guggule 300 ([[ama]] in GIT) 1/2 [[teaspoon]] tid with [[Ginger tea]]
[[gandha]]rva [[Haritaki]] 1/2 [[teaspoon]] at [[night]] [[eliminate]]s [[ama]] created by [[Vata]] [[dosha]]
[[Shatavari]] 500 [[Guduchi]] 400 K[[ama]] Dudha 200 [[Shanka]] [[bhasma]] 200 (to [[balance]] tikshn[[agni]]) 1/2 [[teaspoon]] tid with 2T [[Aloe]] gel
Bhumy [[Amalaki]] 1/2 [[teaspoon]] HS
Mandagni. will create poor digestion, slow metabolism, overweight no matter what kind of exercise or food. metabolic Fire is so low that it creates unprocessed raw dhatu. Can create high cholesterol, diabetes, cold, congestion and mucus problems. root cause of all kapha disorders.
[[Punarnava]] 500 [[Chitrak]] 300 [[Shilajit]] 300 [[kutki]] (lechan) 300 1/2 [[teaspoon]] tid with [[honey]] and [[hot]] [[Water]]
[[Bibhitaki]] 1/2 [[teaspoon]] HS
How do you deal with thyroid dysfunction? agni impaired before it happens. Even if thyroid test is normal, thyroid function due to disturbed agni. When agni mandhya is expressed as thyroid dysfunction, treatment is s[[lightly different. Important to see TSH and T3 and T4. Is it due to pituitary or T3 or T4? Iodine helps T4 to utilize T3. Best source if gulwel sattva.
[[gulwel]] [[sattva]] 300 [[Shilajit]] [[Guggulu]]
thyroid goiter may be due to lack of iodine in diet. Iodine necessary to kindle pulu and pithara. Lobes of thyroid [[gland undergo hypertrophy. Radioactive iodine kills the thyroid [[gland. Ayurveda does not do that. Use Guduchi locally.
tikshna agni can manifest as hyperactive thyroid [[gland or thyrotoxi cosis. strong appetite, loss of body weight, enlarged thyroid, eyes protrubing, eleVation of blood pressure, rapid heart beat. an[[xiety]], fear, instability. treat Pitta and Vata. diet important. Give good carbos and proteins. Maintain electrolyte balance with sufficient fluids. If diarrhea, give Kutaja, SanJavani, Arroroot. If just beginning of exopthalmos, give netra basti. Every sunday and Thursday, give Punarnava eyewash. Iodine, present in Shilajit, gulwel sattva, KG. Tagar for an[[xiety]] and tachycardia. passion flower, Hawthorn, Punarnava for high blood pressure.
BA and DA are influenced by pilu and pithara. First on the cellular level, agni gets disturbed. It is most important that pilu and pithara, when they lose their integrity, that creates KG. Pilu and pithara in collective agni of tissues is BA and DA. BA yield a special quality of microchyle, which will affect nutrition of the tissues.
One school of thought says that first JA gets disturbed, the BA is disturbed, then DA. Ultimately, DA will affect pilu/pithara. There is also the opposite. Perhaps the effect takes plce in pilu/pithara. That dysfunction will gradually affect the dhatus. disease can go both ways. Both schools of thought are correct. Pilu/pithara are influenced by past life karma, repressed anger and fear and stress, and autoimmune dysfunction. autoimmune diseases begin with depletion of ojas at cellular level. The person with AIDS has good appetite, but pilu/pithara are fighting. slowing from that level the person is affected.
ghee is good for ojas, but which ojas? systemic, dhatu or cellular ojas? That is most important. cardamom is good for ojas, but which ojas? ghee enhances cellular ojas is well digested. Laksmi Villas will directly go to cell and promote ojas. laghu Malini Vasant also. They act sublingually.
Acu points: Sp 3, 9, St 36, 40, 43
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Obesity Natural Herbal Cure | Ayurvedic Treatment
According to both modern medicine, and ayurvedic studies, obesity occurs when excess fat builds up. This excess fat buildup is caused when a person consumes more calories in one day than that person is able to burn off. In men, the fats usually begins to form around the stomach area, and in women, the fat usually forms around the waste area.
Obesity is known to be passed down from generation to generation. Symptoms of obesity are noted as follows:
Enlarged stomach, waist, thighs, and/or buttocks Fatigue Saggy breasts (in women)
Long Term effects of obesity gone untreated include one or more of the following conditions: Diabetes Heart trouble Ulcers Clogged arteries High cholesterol Hypertension Lowered immune system
Change of Diet:
Follow the following diet: http://correspondencecourse.ayurveda-distancelearning.com/wiki/Kapha_diet Kapha diet
Find an ayurvedic diet chart and follow it every single day. An ayurvedic diet would include increase of fresh fruits and vegetables and a decrease in white breads and other processed foods. Also, use vegetable oil in place of butter or margarine, drink 8-10 glasses of water a day, and use skim milk rather than whole milk. Furthermore, when cooking meats be sure to bake, roast or boil them.
Also, a person affect by obesity should make sure to consult an ayurvedic doctor for further information on what diet would be best for the body's overall physical condition. For example, some people will have to not eat any sugar at all to lower the blood sugar. Other people will have to lower the amounts of fatty foods taken in to reduce cholesterol levels. Whatever a person's case may be, it is important for that person to follows the doctor's orders regarding diet. This will be one of the most important factor which will contribute to an obese person's ability to lose weight.
It is also important to remember not only what to eat, but how to eat. When deciding to eat, a person should make sure to eat 4-5 smaller meals in a day rather than 2-3 larger meals in a day. This will help the body digest more foods more thoroughly, as well as to better absorb necessary nutrients.
Exercise Regularly: Everyone, especially obese people should be sure to exercise for at least 30 minutes a day. Beginning the ruitine with stretching and walking is an excellent idea, and then proceeding to more vigorous aerobic exercizes. Instructions on how to do aerobic exersizes can be found at a local video store or library.
Also, one can take a dance class, or play in a team sport. All the above activities will help burn calories and aid in weight reduction. Other Home Remedies
Honey: Mix one teaspoon of honey with two teaspoons of lime juice and some pepper. Drink this at least once a day.
Boiled Water: Drink a glass of boiled water every day after a meal.
Ginger Tea:Drink ginger tea 2-3 times a day.
Black Pepper:Seasoning foods with black pepper will decrease the need for salts and fats, and will still add flavor to foods. This will also help reduce weight.
Cinnamon:This spice can act as a low calorie sweetener to help reduce the amount of sugar needed in a recipe. It also adds a unique flavor to most cookie recipes.
Shudh Guggulu:Take Guggulu with a teaspoon of ginger and honey twice a day. This helps increase a body's metabolism.
Trifla:This is another diet aid that contains amalaki, bibbitaki, and haritaki. This should be taken at least once a day if one chooses to use this supplement.
Raw or Cooked Cabbage:The intake of cabbage reduces the conversion of sugars to fat. Therefore, eating plenty of this well help increase the body's ability to metabolize fatty foods.
Vitamin B-12:Take a vitamin B-12 tablet at least once daily. For further information on vitamin usage, read the directions on the vitamin bottle, and consult a doctor for more information. This vitamin comes also in leafy dark green vegetables, so eat many of these as often as possible. Ayurvedic Medicines for Obesity Traphala Capsules Shuddha Guggulu Capsules Morslim-Z slimming Capsules of Obesity
When one follow the above diet recommendations and partake in one or more of the ayurvedic remedies, that person will be cured from obesity.
When not sure about how to apply herbal remedies or diet tablets, one should consult an ayruvedic specialist who is trained to help people in determining correct dosage. This is especially true for children inflicted with any disease, but is true for everyone. All medicines should be taken within the recommended guidelines.
Adapted from this Fair Use Source: http://www.ayurvedic-medicines.com/obesity.html
Obesity - Nutritional disorder of the century
Medically, obesity means accumulation of excessive body fat. Obestiy is becoming increasingly common throughout the world. It is more common among women than men. Obesity in the most common mutritional disaster of the recent years. Specialised clinics offering weight-loss therapy have sprung like mushrooms and now the obesity treatment is a money - spiring enterprise. Many people believe that obesity indicates prosperity and the midrif paunch begets respect!
How to determine obesity:
There is medically, a differentiation between over - weight and obesity. The body mass index (BMI) is used to determine these conditions. It is a reliable method.
BMI = Weigth in kilograms
Heigth x Height inmetres
Example: Your weight is 80 K.G. and height is 1.7 meters.
Your BMI = 80
—————– = 27
1.70 x 1.70
Refer, then to the BMI table
17 - Under Weight
18-25 - Normal
25.1 to 29.9 - Over weight
30 to 40 - Obesity (moderate)
More than 40 - Obesity (severe)
Measurement of your waist line also is to be considered. A waist circumference of more than 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women, usually indicates and excess of fat around the waist.
Causes of obesity
The simple cause is eating more calories than what the body uses. The require ment of calories varies from person to person and is dependent on factors like age, life style habits, physical activity etc. Binge eating, quickly large amounts of food. When not hungry, heavy intake of sweet and oily, fried food etc are reasons for obesity. Eating well or rather too well is related to affluence. Hence the side effect of prosperity could be obesity. Followed by Diabetes. Food of the rich people is normally high in fats. Fats could trigger over - acting because fats donot satiate appetite like carbohydrates or protein. Fats contain twice as many calories per gram as carbo - hydrates and proteins.
• Genetic factors could cause obesity. In herent metabolic problem can promote obesity. Obesity tends to run in families and in some ethnic or social groups. However, the exact role of genetics in etiology of obesity is still not clear, though there is evidence that hereditory could cause obesity. Both here ditory and environment play a role in body weight regulation. Scientists found that mutations in the ‘ob’ gene
• Prevent production of Leptin, a protein made by fat cells. Leptin interacts with hypothalamus in controlling appetite. If leptin production is prevented, appetite can not be satiated, thus overeating is the result. With all these research, there is still no positive genetic treatment of obesity.
• Lack of physical activity is one of the principle causes of obesity. Physical activity mayincrease food intake but when physical activity decreases, correspondingly food intake must decrease but in reality this does not happen. For some people it even increases. Sedantary people need fever calories.
• Certain drugs can cause obesity-notably anti - depressant, anti - psychotic drugs, antihypertensives, cortico - steroids and drugs for diabetes cause weight gain.
• Women tend to gain body weight, after menopause. This could be attributed to hormonal changes, stress, reduction in physical activity during the menopause period.
• Conditions like hypothyroidism, stress, depression, cushings syndrome etc may cause over eating and consequent accumulation of fat. But some researchers say that except stress other emotional disturbances are no longer considered an important cause of obesity.
• Drinking alcohol may cause obesity. It is relatively high in calories. One gram of alcohol yields 200 K cal/ownce, almost as much as fat.
The mechanism of fat digestion and absorption
Every one knows that fat is one of three main constituents of food (the others being carbohydrates and protein). Fat supplies energy to the body. It is stored by the body as energy in the Adipose tissues.
The digestion of fats starts in the stomach with the action of gastric lipse. It breaks down short etain triglycerides (found in butter) into fatty acids and glycerol. The stomach stops with this action as it can not break down larger mole cules of fat. In the small intestine bile breaks down the large molecules of fat to smaller fat particles. The fatty acids and glycerol are reassembled to triglycerides, which along with cholesterol and phospholipids, are surrounded by a protein coat, forming chylomicrons. In this form, these are then caused to the liver and adipose tissue for metabolism and storage.
Adipose tissues are fibrous connective tishues packed with masses of fat cells. The body stores excessive fat in the adipose tissues of the abdomen (omental fat), under the skin and in the buttocks for use when needed. The body cannot synthesize some fats called essential fatty acids. These are linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids. These are to be absorbed from food. Linolein and linolenic are found invegetable oils - cornoil, soya bean oil etc. All fats and oils have three types of fatty acids - saturated, mono-saturated and poly unsaturated. If saturated fatty acids are taken in large quantities, cholestered level will increase. Poly unsaturated fatty acids do not raise cholesterol levels and mono - unsaturated acids lower cholesterol levels and raise HDL (good cholesterol) levels. The following table shows the ratio of these fatty acids in various types of edible oils.
• Obesity doubles or triple the risk of premature death
• The heart has to work harder and cardio - vascular problems are caused. Heart failure is more common among fat people.
• Even minimum exertion brings on breathing difficulties.
• The limbs have to carry more weight, the body joints need
Hence ostoe - arthritis may develop. Low back pain also may result.
• Fat people sweat more because they can not eliminate body heat efficiently. Skin disorders are common because of moisture trapped in skin folds.
• Breathing problems may disturb sleep.
• Fatigue, obese persons tire easily.
• While men may flaunt their obse body, obese women may feel inferior for fat women are normally called ugly. This leads to inferiority complex and emotional disturlances. If the fat in women is located around their waist (omentum fat) like a “tyre”, it causes the so called “apple” shape and it fat accumulates around the thighs and buttocks it causes the “pear” shape. Obese women start haring low self esteam, social rejection and continue over eating for consolation.
• Obesity is one of the main reason for Diabetes and high blood pressure.
Ayurvedic conception of obesity
The term for obesity in Ayurveda is “sthaulya”. “Meda” in Ayurveda means fat and obesity is termed also as “Medaroga”
Causes of obesity according of Ayurveda:
• Consuming sweetened foods, also cold and fatty foods (Madhura Annaha), wrong food habits.
• Not exerting physically (Avyama), laziness
• Sleeping in the afternoon - (Divaswapna)
• The diet and life style which increase khapa (shleshmala Ahara vihara)
• Impairment of digestive Agni.
• Any change in the equlibrium of 7 dhatus (basic tissue elements) in the body. Fat (Meda) is one of these 7 dhatus.
• Lack of sexual activity.
• Lack of mental exercise.
• Hereditory and genetic disorders.
Health risks of obesity according to caraka
Caraka lists eight problems
1. Shortened life span
2. Copious sweating
3. Difficulty in movement
4. Difficulty in sexual inter course
6. Body odour
7. Excessive Hunger
8. Excessive Thirst
1. First and foremost requirement is motivation and determination to reduce weight. Behaviour modification is needed for weight loss. The obese person must understand that 1. Obesity is a disorder resulting from excess calorie intake. 2. Obese individual eats more and is more sensitive to food stimuli than non - obese individual. 3. Without controlling the diet or dieting without physical exercises, weigh reduction is not possible 4. One should not believe advertisements of slimming centres claiming huge reduction in weight in just a few weeks, 5. Remember that you will bose weight if you turn more calories than your consume. Activities that burn calories are giving below.
2. Ayurveda recommends a judicious mixture of exercises and slimming diet. Regular exercises are very important component in the treatment of obesity. Walking is the easiest and best form of exercise. Start with 1 km distance initially and in 3 months reach the goal of 5 kms. Swimming also is a good exercise that helps to shed the extra kilos - Jogging and Aerobic exercises are overy good.
Tips on eating
• Avoid foods that increase kapha and medha (fat). Avoid sweets and oily food.
• Consume more wheat products than rice varieties
• Horse gram helps in reduction of fat.
• Use butter milk instead of curd
• Drink warm water
• Food should include yava (barley), green gram, Amla and snake gourd.
• Take honey (one teaspoon) with Lemon juice (made with 1/2 lemon) twice or thrice a day, preferably on empty stomach.
• To lessen the use of cooking oil, use non - stick cook ware. Reduce deep trying - Instead, resort to boiling.
• Reduce intake of salt. Salt may increase body weight.
• Opt for low calorie foods, artificial sweeteners.
• Cut down intake of fatty foods.
• Drink warm water instead of chilled water.
• Eat small portions of food, more number of times than eating one or two heavy meals at a time.
• Strive to take off 200 of 300 calories from your food. Increase physical activities so that you can burn off another 100-200 calories a day. You will surely boose weight.
Other Ayurvedic remedies / tips
• Ayurveda advises increase in sexual activities.
• Avoid sleeping during the daytime.
• Obese persons should take daily one tablespoon of Triphala (Haritaki - cherubic myrobalan, ve-bee thaki - Terminalia belerica and Amla - phyllanthus embilica) mixed with honey.
• Ayurvedic treatment for obesity, consists of
1. Oil massage (Athyanga) - Massage with medicated oil
2. Dry massage (Udwarthana) - Massage using weight reducing powders, Normally a combination of Triphala and horse gram bowders are used. This is one of the good Ayurvedic treatment and should be taken for 14 to 21 days, atleast for 1 hour a day. Udwardhana brings down body weight, considerably. Amlaki churna, Nimbro (Neem) chinna powders are also used in this massage therapy.
3. Combination of Abhyanga, swedhanam (hot fomentation) and Udwardhana is also carried out the ensure positive weight reduction.
4. Ultimately the special Ayurvedic treatment ‘Pancha karma’ can be given. The treatment comprises of Vamana (emesis) Virechana (laxatives), Kasya Vasthy (decoction enema) etc. A special panchakarma treatment called ‘Basti’ also is carred out. This will fortify the metabolism.
Another thumb - rule to calculate
how much you should weight.
Substract the figure 100 from your height in centi - metres. Ninety percent (90%) of the balance is the correct weight you should have. It your actud weight is more than 10% of your theoretical weight, then you are obese.
e.g. your height - 180 cm.
180 - 100 = 80 c.m. 80 x 90
——— = 72 kilos.
Ayurvedha considers that digestive ‘Agni’ is important for breaking up and assimilating fats.
Impairment of this Agni causes obesity. Therefore if recommends use of herbs like
1. Guggulu - (Commiphora Mukul)
2. Sunthi - (Dried ginger)
3. Pippali - (Piper longum)
4. Maricha - (Piper Nigrum)
1. Navaka Guggulu
2. Arogyavarthani vati
3. Triphala Guggulu
4. Sthulyabara kashayam etc.
It goes without saying that yoga is as essential to weight - reduction as diet or medication.
Vipareetha karani, savasana Dhanurasana, Trikonasana, Pawamukhtasana, Bhujangasana, etc. Yogasanas will give positive results.
Siddha vaidya advocates drinking plaintain stem juice or Ashgourd juice (1/2 cup) frequently. It also advises weekly once consumption Agattigreen (sesbania grandiflora)
Obesity can be corrected. But donot fall pray to hype that claim to reduce your weight in just 2 weeks. Resort to a combined therapy, consisting of life style changes, diet regimen, physical exercises, yoga and medications, if messary.
Adapted from this Fair Use Source: http://www.chennaiayurveda.com/herbs/diseases/obesity-nutritional-disorder-of-the-century.html
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