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shramana [2018/02/26 18:13] (current)
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 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
 +
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 +[[Home]] | [[Clinic]] | [[Featured Content]] | [[Buddhist Ayurvedic Distance Learning |Distance Learning]] | [[About Us]] | [[Donate]] | [[Non-Profit]] | [[Recent Changes]] | Phone: 1-510-292-6696
 +
 +Part of the List of [[Dharma Terms]] from the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] Course ([[SKT220]] ) on [[Sanskrit Terms]] of [[Ayurveda]] and [[Dharma]]
 +----
 +
 +
 +======= Shramana =======
 +
 +http://​ayurveda-tcm.com/​ayurvedic-chinese-medicine-distance-learning/​doku.php?​id=shramana
 +
 +[[Shramana]]
 +
 +Those who take leave of their [[families]] and go forth from the home-[[life]] (to become [[Bhikshu]]s and [[Bhikshuni]]s of the [[Sangha]]),​ who
 +[[recognize]] their [[mind]]s and penetrate to their [[origin]], and who [[understand]] the
 +[[unconditioned]] [[Dharma]], are called [[Shramana]]s. Constantly observing the 250
 +[[monk precept]]s, they [[enter]] into and [[abide]] in [[purity]]. By practicing the [[four]] [[true]]
 +[[Path]] ([[Marga]])s (i.e., [[Four Noble Truths]]) they [[become]] [[Arhat]]s. ([[S42]] 1)
 +
 +"​[[Shramana]] is a [[Sanskrit]] [[word]] which [[means]] '​[[diligent]]ly putting to rest.' The
 +[[Shramana]] [[diligent]]ly [[cultivate]]s 1. [[Precept]]s,​ 2. [[Samadhi]],​ and 3. [[Wisdom]] ([[Three Higher Trainings]] or [[Three Non-Outflow Studies]]), and he puts
 +to rest and extinguishes [[greed]], [[hatred]], and [[stupidity]] ([[Three Poisons]] or [[Triklesha]]s of [[raga]], [[dwesha]] and [[moha]])."​ ([[S42]] 2-3)
 +
 +[[Shramana]] and [[Bhikshu]] are synonyms, both appellations for fully [[ordain]]ed
 +[[Buddhist]] [[monk]]s. The [[Buddha]] was also called 'the [[Great]] [[Shramana]].'​
 +
 +----
 +
 +1) [[Chinese]]:​ Sha Men ; 2) [[Sanskrit]]:​ [[Shramana]];​ 3) [[Pali]] [[Samana]]; 4) Alternate
 +[[translation]]s:​ [[monk]]hood,​ [[religious]] [[wander]]er or recluse.
 +
 +[[See Also]]: [[Bhikshu]],​ [[Bhikshuni]],​ [[Sangha]], [[Ordination]],​ [[Vinaya]], [[Pratimoksha]],​ [[Nalanda Monastery]],​ [[International Mahayana Institute]]
 +http://​www.imisangha.org,​ www.fpmt.org/​centers/​sangha.html,​ http://​www.facebook.com/​pages/​International-Mahayana-Institute/​108928795814483
 +
 +[[BTTS References]]:​ [[SV]] 44; [[DS]] 9; [[S42]] 1, 3, 10; [[EDR]] I 159.
 +
 +
 +----
 +List of [[Dharma Terms]] | [[Buddha | Previous Term]] | [[Dharma | Next Term]]
 +
 +----
 +Return to the [[Buddhist Ayurveda Encyclopedia]] and 
 +[[Glossary of Dharma]] and [[Ayurvedic Terms]] | [[Recent Changes]]
 +
 +====== Fair Use Bibliographic Sources ======
 +[[Fair Use]]: ​
 +Primary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Ron Epstein]], Ph.D, compiler, [[Buddhism A to Z]], Burlingame, [[California]],​ [[Buddhist Text Translation Society]], 2003, p. 
 +[[ISBN 0881393533]] ​ Paperback: 284 pages. ​ http://​www.BTTSOnline.org ​    ​www.Amazon.com ​  
 +http://​www.bttsonline.org/​product.aspx?​pid=118
 +http://​www.amazon.com/​gp/​product/​0881393533/​ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20
 +and many other sources (see [[Bibliography]]).
 +
 +Primary Original Source: The [[Tripitaka]] of [[Sutra]], [[Shastra]] and [[Vinaya]] [[Dharma]] teachings (as found in the scripture storehouse of the [[India]]n [[Sanskrit]]- [[Siddham]],​ [[Chinese]],​ [[Tibetan]] and [[Japanese]] traditions of the [[Nalanda Tradition]] of ancient [[Nalanda University]]) of [[Shakyamuni Buddha]], and his [[Arya]] [[Sagely]] [[Bodhisattva]] [[Bhikshu]] [[Monk]] and [[Upasaka]] disciples.
 +
 +These [[Good and Wise Advisors]] ([[Kaliyanamitra]]) [[Dharma Master]] teachers include [[Arya]] [[Venerable]]s [[Om Tare Tuttare Ture]] [[Om Ah Hum]] and [[Namo]] to [[Jivaka]], [[Charaka]],​ [[Lao Zi]] - [[Mahakashapa]],​ [[Ashwagosha]],​ [[Shantideva]] - [[Hui Neng]] - [[Shen Kai]] [[Sheng Ren Shr]], [[Bodhidharma]],​ the 16 [[Nalanda Acharyas]] 1. [[Nagarjuna]]-[[Manjushri]],​ 2. [[Arydeva]],​ 3. [[Buddhapalita]],​ 4. [[Bhavaviveka]],​ 5. [[Chandrakirti]] and [[Chandragomin]],​ 6. [[Shantideva]],​ 7. [[Shantarakshita]],​ 8. [[Kamalashila]],​ 9. [[Asanga]]-[[Maitreya]],​ 10. [[Vasubhandu]],​ 11. [[Dignaga]],​ 12. [[Dharmakirti]],​ 13. [[Vimuktisena]],​ 14. [[Haribhadra]],​ 15. [[Gunaprabha]],​ 16. [[Shakyaprabha]];​ [[Dharmarakshita]],​ [[Atisha]], [[Tsong Khapa]], [[Thogme Zangpo]], [[Nyingma]] [[Padmasambhava]],​ [[Yeshe Tsogyel]], [[Machig Lapdron]], [[Tilopa]], [[Naropa]], [[Milarepa]],​ [[Sakya Pandita]], [[Kumarajiva]],​ [[Xuan Zang]], [[Baozhi]], [[Hui Yuan]], ​ [[Daosheng]],​ [[Changzhi]],​ [[Fazang]], [[Han Shan]], [[Shi De]], [[Yunmen]], [[Nichiren]],​ [[Honen]], [[Shinran]],​ [[Kukai]], [[Dogen]], [[Hakuin]], [[Jamgon Kongtrul]], [[Nyingma]] [[Penor Rinpoche]], [[Bakula Rinpoche]], [[Dagri Rinpoche]], [[Kirti Tsenshab Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Lama Kongchog]], [[Longchen Rapjampa]] - [[Gosok Rinpoche]], [[Phabongkha Rinpoche]], [[Patrul Rinpoche]], [[Tenzin Gyatso]] the [[Dalai Lama]], [[Sakya Trizin]], [[Hsu Yun]], [[Hsuan Hua]], [[Lama Zopa Rinpoche]], [[Choden Rinpoche]], [[Garchen Rinpoche]], [[Karmapa]],​ [[Mingyur Rinpoche]], [[Geshe Ngwang Dakpa]], [[Geshe Sopa Rinpoche]], [[Seung Sahn]], [[Thich Nhat Hanh]], [[Ajahn Chah]], [[Ajahn Sumedho]], [[S. N. Goenka]], [[Mama Ayur Punya Jyana Pushtim Kuriye Svaha]], making [[offerings]] and [[b [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]]. And [[Om Ah Hum]] thanks to other [[modern day masters]]. ​ We consider them to be in accord with [[Tripitaka Master]] [[Hsuan Hua]]’s "​[[Seven Guidelines for Recognizing Genuine Teachers]]"​
 +
 +[[Nalanda Online University]]'​s teachings are based especially on the following [[Buddhist Scriptures]]:​ [[Lama]] [[Tsong Khapa]]'​s [[Lam Rim]], the Dharma Flower [[Lotus Sutra]], the [[Avatamsaka Sutra]], the [[Shurangama Sutra]], the [[Ksitigarbha Sutra]], the [[Bhaisajya Guru Sutra]], the [[Dharani Sutra]], the [[Vajra Sutra]], the [[Prajna Paramita]] Hridayam [[Heart Sutra]], the [[Vimalakirti Sutra]], the [[Sanghata Sutra]], the [[Sutra of Golden Light]], the [[Srimala Devi Sutra]], the [[Sutra in 42 Sections]], the [[Mahaparinirvana Sutra]], the [[Hui Neng Sutra]], [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Shastra on the Door to Understanding the Hundred Dharmas]], Maitreya'​s [[Ornament for Clear Realizations]] ([[Abhisamayalamkara]]),​ [[Chandrakirti]]'​s [[Supplement to Nagarjuna’s Treatise on the Middle Way]] ([[Madhyamakavatara]]),​ [[Vasubandhu]]'​s [[Treasury of Manifest Knowledge]] ([[Abhidharmakosha]]) and the [[Tantra]]s and [[Mantra]]s of the [[Vajrayana]] the [[42 Hands and Eyes]], [[Guhyasamaja]],​ the [[Kalachakra]],​ the [[Vajrayogini]],​ the [[Heruka]], the [[Chakrasamvara]],​ the [[Chod]], the [[Hayagriva]],​ the [[Hevajra]],​ the [[Yamantaka]],​ the [[Kalarupa]],​ the [[Manjushri Nama Samgiti]], the [[Vajrakilaya]],​ the [[Vajrapani]],​ the [[Vajra Claws Dakini]], the [[Mahakala]],​ the [[Tara]], the [[White Umbrella Goddess]] ([[She Dan Do Bo Da La]]), [[Kirti Losang Trinle]]'​s [[Grounds and Paths of Secret Mantra]], and [[Aku Sherab Gyatso]]'​s [[The Two Stages of the Guhyasamaja Tantra]] and their commentaries ([[shastra]]s) by the above Arya [[Tripitakacharya]] [[Dharma Master]]s. Making [[offerings]] and [[bowing]] at your feet I make [[request]]s. Please bestow on me the [[two attainments]] of [[Maha]] [[Punya]] and [[Maha]] [[Prajna Paramita]].
 +
 +
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: The [[Seeker’s Glossary of Buddhism]], 2nd ed., San Francisco, California: Sutra Translation Committee of the United States and Canada, 1998: http://​www.budaedu.org.tw
 +
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Muller, Charles, editor, [[Digital Dictionary of Buddhism]] [DDB], Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, 2007:  Username is "​guest",​ with no password.
 +http://​buddhism-dict.net/​ddb - Based in large part on the [[Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms]] with Sanskrit and English Equivalents (by [[Soothill]] and Hodous) Delhi, India: [[Motilal Banarsidass]],​ 1997.
 +
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: Ehrhard, Diener, Fischer, et al, The [[Shambhala Dictionary of Buddhism and Zen]], Boston, Massachusetts:​ [[Shambhala Publications]],​ 1991.  296 pages. ​ ISBN 978-0-87773-520-5 ​ http://​www.Shambhala.com,​
 +http://​www.amazon.com/​gp/​product/​0877735204/​ref=ase_medicinebuddh-20,​
 +http://​www.shambhala.com/​html/​catalog/​items/​isbn/​978-0-87773-520-5.cfm
 +Secondary [[Fair Use]] Compilation Source: [[Vaidya]] [[Vasant Lad]], [[Textbook of Ayurveda]], [[Ayurvedic Press]], 2002; 
 +[[Vasant Lad]], [[BAMS]], [[MAsc]], [[Ayurvedic Institute Gurukula Notes]], [[Ayurvedic Institute]],​ 1994-2006; ​
 +
 +----
 +NOTE: Numerous corrections and enhancements have been made under [[Shastra tradition]] and "​[[Fair Use]]" by an [[Anonymous]] [[Buddhist Monk]] [[Redactor]] (Compiler) of this Online [[Buddhist Encyclopedia]] Compilation) ​
 +
 +----
 +----
 +====== Course Codes ======
 +[[Course Codes]] for the [[Buddhist Ayurveda]] [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning]] Program are as follows:
 +[[AYR108]] | [[HRB108]] | [[CLN301]] | [[HUM108]] | [[HIS108]] | [[YOG108]] | [[NUT108]] | [[AYR190]] | [[AYR220]] | [[AYR230]] | [[AYR240]] | [[AYR241]] | [[AYR250]] | [[AYR260]] | [[SKT108]] | [[SKT210]] |[[SKT220]] | [[SUT310]]
 +
 +----
 +====== Technical Notes ======
 +See the [[Technical Notes]] please.
 +
 +====== Contact Us ======
 +** [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of [[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] **
 +San Francisco Bay Area: 1-510-292-6696
 +
 +====== About Medicine Buddha Healing Center ======
 +[[About Us]]: [[Clinic]] and [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] of
 +[[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]]
 +• The most comprehensive Clinical multimedia audio and video-based Buddhist [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning|Ayurvedic Distance Learning Program]] on the Planet --- from introductory 225-Hour [[Clinical Ayurveda Therapist]] ([[Clinical Ayurveda Therapist|CAT]]) to most advanced 3200-Hour [[Doctorate of Ayurveda]] (PhD).
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 + ----
 +[[http://​www.Ayurveda-Berkeley.com | Ayurveda-Berkeley.com]] ​ |  [[http://​www.Ayurveda-California.com | www.Ayurveda-California.com]]
 +[[http://​www.Ayurveda-School.net | www.Ayurveda-School.net]] ​ |  [[http://​www.Ayurveda-TCM.com | www.Ayurveda-TCM.com]]
 +http://​ayurveda-tcm.com/​ayurvedic-chinese-medicine-distance-learning
 +[[http://​www.Nalanda-University.com | www.Nalanda-University.com]] ​ |  [[http://​www.BhaisajyaGuru.com | www.BhaisajyaGuru.com]]
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 +----
 +[[Medicine Buddha Mantra]]: [[Om]] [[Namo]] [[Bhagavate]] [[Bhaisajya]] [[Guru]] [[Vaidurya]] [[Prabaha]] [[Rajaya]] [[Tathagataya]] [[Arhate]] [[Samyamsambodhi]] [[Tadyata]] [[Om]] [[Bhaisajye]] Bhaisajye [[Bhaisajya]] [[Samudgate]] [[Svaha]]. ​
 +[[Medicine King Bodhisattva]] [[Jeweled Ax Mantra]] 16 (Line 64 of the 
 +[[Great Compassion Mantra]] of [[Avalokiteshvara]]) of the [[42 Hands and Eyes Mantras]]: ​
 +[[Syi lu seng e mu chywe ye Nan Wei la ye Wei la ye Sa wa he]].
 +----
 +[[Recent Changes]] | [[Disclaimers]] | [[Donate]] | [[Help]] | [[Dedication of Merit]]
 +----
 + ​[[Ayurveda Dharma]] is available under the [[Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License | Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License]];​ Additional terms may apply. See [[Terms of Use]] for details. ​
 +[[Medicine Buddha Healing Center]] and its [[Ayurveda Healing Arts Institute]] and [[Karma Clinic]] is a [[Non-Profit]] 501c3 [[Religious Organization]] - [[Ayurvedic Distance Learning]] Program. ​
 +Phone: 1-510-292-6696 [[http://​www.Ayurveda-Berkeley.com | Ayurveda-Berkeley.com]]
 +
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shramana.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:13 (external edit)