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terminalia_chebula

Previous Haritaki, org (1/2 lb.)

Item Number : 6902 Price: $9.95

USDA Organic

Certified Organic Haritaki powder (Terminalia chebula)

Detoxification & rejuvenation for vata.*

   * Removes excess vata from the system*
   * Assists natural internal cleansing*
   * Supports healthy elimination and maintains regularity*
   * Nourishes and rejuvenates the tissues*

Ayurvedic Energetics:

   * Rasa (taste): sweet, sour, pungent, bitter, astringent
   * Virya (action): heating
   * Vipaka (post-digestive effect): sweet
   * Doshas (constitutions) Balancing for all doshas, especially vata

Commentary: As one of the three ingredients in the Ayurvedic super formula Triphala, Haritaki is considered to be one of the best herbs for balancing vata dosha. Supporting the body's natural cleansing process, it gently removes accumulated natural toxins in the gastrointestinal tract. As a rejuvenative, it strengthens and nourishes the tissues and supports the proper function of the colon, lungs, liver and spleen. Haritaki is traditionally used as a remedy for all vata-related imbalances. It maintains regular elimination, helps promote healthy body mass, and supports comfortable and complete digestion. Haritaki is highly revered in India, as it is believed to increase energy, intelligence and awareness.*

For a 1 lb bag click here For five lbs or more in bulk click here

Herbal tablets that contain Haritaki include: Gokshuradi Guggulu, Haritaki, Heart Formula, Immune Support, Joint Support, Kanchanar Guggulu, Kaishore Guggulu, Kidney Formula, Liver Formula, Lung Formula, Mahasudarshan, Para Cleanse, Punarnavadi Guggulu, Simhanad Guggulu, Triphala, Triphala Guggulu, Trim Support, and Yogaraj Guggulu

Other products that contain Haritaki include: Avipattikar, Chyavanprash, Joint Balm, and Trim Balm

This product is organically grown and processed in accordance with the USDA's National Organic Program (NOP).

http://www.banyanbotanicals.com/prodinfo.asp?number=6902&variation=&aitem=63&mitem=125

Haritaki

Botanical name: Terminalia chebula, Combretaceae

Other names: Abhaya (S, ‘fearless’), Hara, Harad (H), Katukkay (T), Chebulic myrobalan (E), He zi (C)

Haritaki

Botany: Haritaki is a medium to large deciduous tree attaining a height of up to 30 m, with widely spreading branches and a broad roundish crown. The leaves are elliptic-oblong, with an acute tip, cordate at the base, margins entire, glabrous above with a yellowish pubescence below. The flowers are monoecious, dull white to yellow, with a strong unpleasant odour, borne in terminal spikes or short panicles. The fruits are glabrous, ellipsoid to ovoid drupes, yellow to orange brown in colour, containing a single angled stone. Haritaki is found throughout deciduous forests of the Indian subcontinent, on dry slopes up to 900 meters in elevation (Kirtikar and Basu 1935, 1020-21; Warrier et al 1996, 263).

Part used: Fruit; seven types are recognized (i.e. vijaya, rohini, putana, amrita, abhaya, jivanti and chetaki), based on the region the fruit is harvested, as well as the colour and shape of the fruit. Generally speaking, the vijaya variety is preferred, which is traditionally grown in the Vindhya mountain range of central India, and has a roundish as opposed to a more angular shape (Srikanthamurthy 2001, 160).

Dravyaguna: fresh fruit

   *
     Rasa: kashaya, tikta, amla, katu, madhura
   *
     Vipaka: madhura
   *
     Virya: ushna
   *
     Karma: dipanapachana, bedhanam (churna), grahi (kvatha, tincture), krimiaghna, mutravirechana, jvaraghna, svasahara, kasahara, kushtaghna, shothahara, medhya, vedanasthapana, sandhaniya, chakshushya, hrdaya, rasayanam, tridoshaghna
   *
     Prabhava: named for the god Shiva (Hari), who brings fearlessness (Abhaya) in the face of death and disease, and because it purifies the mind of attachments (Dash 1991, 8; Dash and Junius 1983, 84-87; Frawley and Lad 1986, 174; Warrier et al 1996, 263)

Constituents: Researchers have isolated a number of glycosides from Haritaki, including the triterpenes arjunglucoside I, arjungenin, and the chebulosides I and II. Other constituents include a coumarin conjugated with gallic acids called chebulin, as well as other phenolic compounds including ellagic acid, 2,4-chebulyl-?-D-glucopyranose, chebulinic acid, gallic acid, ethyl gallate, punicalagin, terflavin A, terchebin, luteolin, and tannic acid (Saleem et al 2002; Williamson 2002, 299; Yoganarasimhan 2000, 541; Creencia et al 1996; Kapoor 1990, 332).

Medical research:

Antiamoeba: A combination of Terminalia chebula and four other botanicals (Boerhavia diffusa, Berberis aristata, Tinospora cordifolia and Zingiber officinale) had a maximum cure rate of 73% at a dose of 800 mg/kg/day in experimental amoebic liver abscess in hamsters (Sohni and Bhatt 1996). This same combination had a curative rate of 89% in experimental caecal amoebiasis in rats (Sohni et al. 1995).

Antibacterial: An aqueous extract of Teminalia chebula demonstrated significant antibacterial activity against Helicobactor pylori and other bacterial species in vitro, specifically, inhibiting the urease activity of H. pylori (Malekzadeh et al 2001). An aqueous extract from Terminalia chebula strongly inhibited the growth, sucrose induced adherence and glucan induced aggregation of Streptococcus mutans. Mouth rinsing with a 10% solution of the extract inhibited the salivary bacterial count and salivary glycolysis (Jagtap and Karkera 1999). Aqueous, hexane and alcoholic extracts of Terminalia chebula showed broad-spectrum antibacterial activity, but when assayed for cellular toxicity in sheep erythrocytes were found to have no cellular toxicity (Ahmad et al 1998). Gallic acid and its ethyl ester, isolated from Terminalia chebula, displayed potent antimicrobial activity against several bacteria, including methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (Sato et al 1998). A crude extract of Terminalia chebula is reported to have potent and broad-spectrum antibacterial activity against human pathogenic Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria (Phadke and Kulkarni 1989).

Antifungal: A water extract of Terminalia chebula was found to have an antifungal activity, in vitro (Dutta et al 1998).

Antiviral: Terminalia chebula showed significant protective effects when applied to the epithelial cells infected with the influenza A virus, in vitro (Badmaev and Nowakowski 2000). A hot water extract of Terminalia chebula inhibited replication of human cytomegalovirus and murine cytomegalovirus in vitro and in vivo in immunosuppressed cyclosporine-treated mice (Yukawa et al 1996). Terminalia chebula is reported to have antiherpes simplex virus type 1 activity (Kurokawa et al 1995). Terminalia chebula showed a significant inhibitory activity on the effects on human immunodeficiency virus-1 reverse transcriptase (el-Mekkawy et al 1995).

Vulnerary: Researchers examined the activity of the topical administration of an alcohol extract of the leaves of Terminalia chebula on the healing of rat dermal wounds. The extract treated wounds healed much faster than controls as indicated by improved rates of contraction and a decreased period of epithelialization. Biochemical studies revealed a significant increase in total protein, DNA and collagen contents in the granulation tissues of treated wounds, as well as reduced lipid peroxide levels. Overall, the tensile strength of tissues from extract-treated incision wounds was increased by about 40% compared to controls. T. chebula also demonstrated antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella (Suguna et al 2002).

Cancer: A 70% methanol extract of Terminalia chebula fruit was studied for its effects on the growth of malignant cell lines including a human (MCF-7) and mouse (S115) breast cancer cell line, a human osteosarcoma cell line (HOS-1), a human prostate cancer cell line (PC-3) and a non-tumorigenic, immortalized human prostate cell line (PNT1A). In all cell lines studied the extract decreased cell viability, inhibited cell proliferation, and induced cell death in a dose dependent manner (Saleem et al 2002). A tannin fraction from the dried fruit pulp of Terminalia chebula is reported to have antimutagenic activity in vitro (Kaur et al, 1998). A methanol extract of Terminalia chebula is reported to have had a high potential for inhibiting the growth of leukemia cells, attributed to arjunglucoside I and arjungenin (Creencia et al 1996).

Cardiovascular: Terminalia chebula is reported to significantly reduce serum cholesterol, aortic sudanophilia and the cholesterol contents of the liver and aorta in cholesterol-fed rabbits (Thakur et al 1988).

Digestive: Terminalia chebula is reported to improve the secretory status of Brunner's glands involved in the protection against experimental duodenal ulcer, in vivo (Nadar and Pillai 1989).

Toxicity: Feeding trials in rats with Terminalia chebula produced hepatic lesions that included central vein abnormalities and marked renal lesions (Arseculeratne et al 1985). This same study also suggested that Withania somnifera produces similar renal lesions, an effect that has not been observed in any other studies. Given the long history of usage and popularity of Haritaki, this single study cannot be extrapolated to human usage.

Indications: Gingivitis, stomatitis, asthma, cough, dyspnea, dyspepsia, gastroenteritis, ulcers, diarrhoea, constipation, IBS, hemorrhoids, candidiasis, parasites, malabsorption syndromes, biliousness, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, ascites, vesicular and renal calculi, urinary discharges, tumors, skin diseases, leprosy, intermittent fever, rheumatism, arthritis, gout, neuropathy, paralysis, memory loss, epilepsy, depression, leucorrhea, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, anorexia, wounds.

Contraindications: Pregnancy, dehydration, emaciation, Pittakopa (Frawley and Lad 1985, 174). Charaka indicates that Haritaki is contraindicated in weak digestion, fatigue due to excessive sexual activity, with alcoholic drinks, and in hunger, thirst and heat stroke (Sharma and Dash 1988, 14).

Medicinal uses: The Sanskrit name Haritaki is rich with meaning, referring to the yellowish dye (harita) that it contains, as well as indicating that it grows in the abode of the god Shiva (Hari, i.e. the Himalayas), and that it cures (harayet) all disease (Dash 1991, 3). Its other commonly used Sanskrit name, Abhaya, refers to the ‘fearlessness’ it provides in the face of disease. According to the Bhavaprakasha, Haritaki is derived from a drop of nectar from Indra’s cup, similar to Guduchi (Srikanthamurthy 2001, 159). Although the fresh fruit is difficult to obtain in the West, the fruit can be reconstituted by simmering in water and used in a similar fashion. Above all, Haritaki is considered to mitigate Vata and eliminate ama, the latter indicated by constipation, a thick greyish tongue coating, abdominal pain and distension, foul feces and breath, flatulence, weakness, and a slow pulse. The fresh fruit is dipana and the powdered dried fruit made into a paste and taken with jaggery is malashodhana, removing impurities and wastes from the body. Haritaki is an efficacious purgative when taken as a powder, but when the whole dried fruit is boiled the resulting decoction is grahi, useful in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery. The fresh or reconstituted fruit fried in ghrita and taken before meals is dipanapachana. If this latter preparation is taken with meals it increases buddhi, nourishes the indriyas and is mutramalashodhana (purifies the digestive and genitourinary tract). Taken after meals, Haritaki “quickly cures diseases caused by the aggravation of Vayu, Pitta and Kapha as a result of unwholesome food and drinks” (Dash 1991, 8). Haritaki is a rasayana to Vata, increasing awareness, and has a nourishing, restorative effect on the central nervous system. Haritaki improves digestion, promotes the absorption of nutrients, and regulates colon function. Haritaki is very useful in prolapsed organs, improving the strength and tone of the supporting musculature. It may be taken with other hepatic restoratives such as Haridra or Daruharidra (Berberis nepalensis), and with carminatives such as Ela (Elettaria cardamomum) or Ajamoda in dyspepsia and biliousnes. In gastrointestinal candidiasis it may be taken along with Haridra Haridra, Barberry (Berberis vulgaris root), Taheebo (Tabebuia avellanedae), or used by itself for this purpose. In cases of gastroenteritis and dysentery four parts Haritaki may be decocted with two parts Dhanyaka (Coriander sativum seed), two parts Dill (Anethum graveolens seed), one part Ajamoda, one part Shunthi (Zingiber officinalis), and one part Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra root) for prompt relief. In the treatment of piles and vaginal discharge, a decoction of Haritaki may be used an antiseptic and astringent wash (Nadkarni 1954, 1210). A fine paste of the powder may be applied on burns and scalds (Nadkarni 1954, 1210). A cold infusion of Haritaki is an effective mouth rinse and the powder a good dentifrice in the treatment of apthous stomatitis, periodentitis, and dental caries (Kirtikar and Basu 1935, 1021; Nadkarni 1954, 1207, 1210). In the treatment of sciatica, lumbago and general lower back pain Haritaki may be combined with Guggulu, Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa rhizome), Pippali, Ela (Elettaria cardamomum) and Tvak (Cinnamomum verum). In combination with Guggulu, Haritaki is useful in the treatment of gout. Haritaki is the primary constituent of Agastya Rasayana leha (confection), formulated by the sage Agastya, father of the Siddha school of medicine. It is an excellent formula to improve digestion, remove waste and impurities from the body, and stimulate the regeneration of tissues, although the taste, as with all Haritaki preparations, may prove to be a challenge for many Westerners. As an alterative that promotes strength and prevents the effects of aging, Haritaki churna may be taken with a different anupana according to the seasons: every morning with saindhava (rock salt) during Varsha; with gur (jaggery) in Sharat; with powdered Shunthi (Zingiber officinalis rhizome) in Hemanta and Pippali (Piper longum) in Shishira; with honey in Vasanta; and with treacle during the Grishma (Nadkarni 1954, 1208-9). Haritaki is perhaps best known as a constituent of the formula Triphala, containing equal proportions of Haritaki, Vibhitaki and Amalaki.

Dosage:

• Churnam: 1-10 g b.i.d.-t.i.d. • Kvatha: 30-120 ml b.i.d.-t.i.d. • Tincture: 1:5, 30% alcohol, 1-5 ml b.i.d.-t.i.d.

http://www.toddcaldecott.com/index.php/herbs/learning-herbs/361-haritaki

Terminaliae Chebulae, Fr

Pinyin: hezi

Common name: chebula fruit

Botanical family: Combretaceae

Botanical name: Terminalia chebula Retz.

Primary action: Astringe

Temperature: warm

Taste: bitter, sour, astringent

Entering Channel: Lu, LI

Actions:

Astringes Intestines and stops diarrhea: used for Vacuity-type diarrhea and dysentery.

Astringes Lung Qi and Stops coughing; used for used for chronic cough, wheezing and loss of voice.

(See Spleen Yang Vacuity; Large Intestine Cold Vacuity; Lung Qi Vacuity .)

Dosage: 1-3 qian.

Fair Use Source: http://www.chineseherbacademy.org/databases/hb-db/termi.html

terminalia_chebula.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:13 (external edit)