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tonglen [2018/02/26 18:13] (current)
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 +======= Tonglen - གཏོང་ལེན་ - gtong len - Giving and Taking =======  ​
  
 +[[Image:​Shantideva.JPG]]
 +
 +[[Shantideva]]
 +
 +**Tonglen** (Tib. [[གཏོང་ལེན་]],​ [[Wyl.]] //[[gtong len]]//) is the practice of '​giving'​ or '​sending'​ (//tong//) happiness and wellbeing and '​receiving'​ or '​taking'​ (//len//) [[pain]] and [[suffering]].
 +
 +<​ref>​According to [[Alak Zenkar Rinpoche]] it is more accurate to call this practice //dé duk tonglen//, meaning ‘[[giving happiness and receiving suffering]]’</​ref>​ It is part of the instructions on '​[[mind training]]'​ (Tib. [[lojong]]) brought to [[Tibet]] by Lord [[Atisha]], and is specifically related to [[relative bodhichitta]].
 +
 +Put very simply, the tonglen practice of [[giving and receiving]] is to take on the [[suffering]] and [[pain]] of others, and give them your happiness, well-being, and peace of mind. Tonglen uses the medium of the breath. As [[Chekawa Yeshe Dorje|Geshe Chekhawa]] wrote: “Giving and receiving should be practiced alternately. This alternation should be placed on the medium of the breath.”
 +
 +[[His Holiness]] the [[Dalai Lama]] says <​ref>​His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama: "Four Essential Buddhist Commentaries",​ page 97. Library of Tibetan Works & Archives, Dharamsala, India, 2005.</​ref>>​
 +
 +>To be able actually to transfer one's happiness to others and directly take their sufferings upon oneself is something only possible on very, very few occasions; it occurs when both oneself and another individual have a very special type of relationship based on [[karmic affinity]] ([[affinities]]),​ stemming perhaps from a [[previous life]]. Why does one cultivate this attitude? Because it leads to attaining [[great strength]] of character, courage and enthusiasm; and improves one's own practice of developing [[bodhichitta]].
 +
 +[[Sogyal Rinpoche]] says:
 +>Of all the practices I know, the practice of tonglen is one of the most useful and powerful. No other practice I know is as effective in destroying the [[self-grasping]],​ self-cherishing,​ self-absorption of the ego, which is the root of all our suffering and the root of all hard-heartedness.
 +
 +===== Sources =====
 +Tonglen is referred to in many Indian and Tibetan sources such as [[Shantideva]]'​s //​[[Bodhicharyavatara]]//, ​ the //[[Seven Points of Mind Training]]//​ composed by [[Chekawa Yeshe Dorje|Geshe Chekhawa]], [[Langri Thangpa]]'​s //​[[Eight|Verses of Training the Mind]]//, the //​[[Thirty-Seven Practices of the Bodhisattvas]]//,​ the //[[Lam Rim]]// and in [[Longchenpa]]’s //Mind in Comfort and Ease//​. ​ There are also special instructions which have been passed down in the oral tradition.
 +
 +=====  Notes  =====
 +
 +===== Further Reading =====
 +  * [[Sogyal Rinpoche]], //​[[The|Tibetan Book of Living and Dying]]//, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 1992, Chapter 12
 +
 +===== External links =====
 +  * [[http://​www.lotsawahouse.org/​lojong/​flowing_stream.html|Lojong commentary by Ga Rabjampa Kunga Yeshe, including a detailed explanation of tonglen]]
 +
 +
 +===== Categories =====
 +
 +[[Category:​Lojong]]
 +
 +[[Category:​Bodhichitta]]
 +
 +[[Category:​Meditation]]
 +
 +[[Category:​Key Buddhist Terms]]
 +
 +[[Fair Use]] Source: http://​www.rigpawiki.org/​index.php?​title=Tonglen
tonglen.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:13 (external edit)