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tribulus_terrestris

======= s Gokshura, org (1/2 lb.)

Item Number : 6882 Price: $10.95 Quantity :

USDA Organic

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Certified Organic Gokshura fruit powder (Tribulus terrestris)

Supports proper function of the urinary tract and prostate*

   * Promotes healthy fluid levels and proper function of the genitourinary system*
   * Supports the healthy flow of urine*
   * Tonic for the kidneys and reproductive system*
   * Promotes a healthy nervous system*

Ayurvedic Energetics:

   * Rasa (taste): sweet, bitter
   * Virya (action): cooling
   * Vipaka (post-digestive effect): sweet
   * Doshas (constitutions): Balancing for all doshas, especially vata.

Commentary: Gokshura is a rejuvenating tonic for the genitourinary system. A cooling and nourishing herb, gokshura soothes the membranes of the urinary tract while promoting the healthy flow of urine. It supports proper function of the kidneys, bladder and prostate. It tones the male reproductive system promoting virility, control and the healthy production of sperm. In women, Gokshura rejuvenates the uterus and helps promote fertility. It calms the nerves, strengthens the body and is balancing for all doshas.*

For a 1 lb bag click here For five lbs or more in bulk click here

Herbal tablets that contain Gokshura include: Gokshuradi Guggulu, Kidney Formula, Men's Support, Stress Ease and Yogaraj Guggulu

Herbal powder formulas containing Gokshura include: Dashamula, Gokshuradi Guggulu and Yogaraj Guggulu

Other products that contain Gokshura include: Chyavanprash and Joint Balm

This product is organically grown and processed in accordance with the USDA's National Organic Program (NOP).

For more information on Gokshura visit:

Wikipedia's entry for Tribulus terrestris

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tribulus_terrestris

Herbs for life: Gokshura monograph

http://www.herbsforlife.co.uk/monograph.asp?h=48&p=m&t=d

Search index page description Banyan Botanicals Gokshura fruit powder is USDA certified organic, sustainably sourced, and fairly traded. Gokshura is also known as Chota gokhru (Hindi), Shvadamstra (Sanskrit), Nerenchi (Sinhalese), Chi li (Chinese) and Puncture vine fruit, or Small caltrops (English). The botanical name of Gokshura is Tribulus terrestris. Gokshura fruit powder is available in ½ lb and 1 lb bags and in bulk bags of 5 lbs or more.

Fair Use Source: http://www.banyanbotanicals.com/prodinfo.asp?number=6882&variation=&aitem=55&mitem=125


Gokshura

Botanical name: Tribulus terrestris, Zygophyllaceae

Other names: Gokhuru, Gokshri (H), Nerunji (T), Calthrops, Puncture-vine (E), Bai ji li (C)

GokshuraBotany: Gokshura is a procumbent annual or perennial herb with many spreading slender branches, the immature portions covered in a fine silky hair. The leaves are oppositely arranged, pinnate, with 3-8 eight simple leaflets that are almost sessile to the leaf stem, with appressed hairs below, and to a lesser extent above. The solitary yellow flowers have five petals, and are borne in the leaf axils, on hairy pedicles up to 2 cm long. The fruits are globose, comprised of five woody cocci that bear two pairs of sharp spines, each cocci containing several seeds. Gokshura is found throughout Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and southern Europe, in sandy soils, often along roadsides and waste areas (Warrier et al 1996, 311; Kirtikar and Basu 1935, 420).

Part used: Fruit and root.

Dravyaguna:

   *
     Rasa: madhura
   *
     Vipaka: madhura
   *
     Virya: shita, snigdha
   *
     Karma: dipanapachana, bhedana, krimiaghna, chedana, kasahara, svasahara, kusthaghna vedanasthapana, mutravirechana, ashmaribhedana, mutravishodhana, shothahara, dahaprashamana, raktaprasadana, hrdaya, vajikarana, balya, tridoshahara
   *
     Prabhava: sattvic; promotes clarity of mind, and corrects apana vayu (Srikanthamurthy 2001, 234; Warrier et al 1996, 311; Frawley and Lad 1986, 169; Nadkarni 1954, 1230; Kirtikar and Basu 1935, 421)

Constituents: Researchers have isolated numerous steroidal saponins from Gokshura, including cistocardin, diosgenin, tribuloin, hecogenin, dioscin, and ruscogenin, as well as several unnamed steroidal constituents. Researchers have also isolated a furostanol diglycoside, the lignanamides tribulusamides A and B, N-trans-feruloyltyramin, terrestriamide, N-trans-coumaroyltyramine, and ?-sitosterol (Sun et al 2002; Xu et al 2001; Cai et al 2001; Xu et al 2000; Li et al 1998; Achenbach et al. 1994). Kapoor reports an unidentified alkaloid in the fruit in trace amounts (1990, 325). Investigation of the aerial portions of Gokshura has yielded the furostanol saponin methylprotodioscin and protodioscin and the sodium salt of methylprototribestin and prototribestin, L-mannitol and an inorganic salt, as well as the two ?-carboline indoleamines harmane and norharmane (Kostava et al 2002; Bourke et al 1992).

Medical research:

Aphrodisiac: The effects of a Tribulus terrestris (TT) extract were investigated for its androgenic effect in castrated adult rats, compared with testosterone and a control. Decreases in body weight, prostate weight and intracavernous pressure were observed among the castrated groups of rats compared to the intact group, as well as an overall reduction in sexual behaviour parameters. Compared to the castrated controls, treatment of castrated rats with either testosterone or TT extract showed increase in prostate weight and intracavernous pressure that were statistically significant. Researchers also noted a mild to moderate improvement of the sexual behaviour parameters, and concluded that TT has an aphrodisiac activity (Gauthaman et al 2002). Researchers investigated the effect of the oral treatment of Tribulus terrestris (TT) extract on the isolated corpus cavernosal tissue of rabbits. After the administration of the extract orally, once daily, for a period of 8 weeks, the rabbits were sacrificed and the penile tissue isolated to evaluate the responses to both contracting and relaxing pharmacological agents and electrical field stimulation (EFS). The relaxant responses to EFS, acetylcholine and nitroglycerin in noradrenaline precontracted tissues from treated groups showed an increase in relaxation of a concentration dependent nature compared to that of the tissues from control group. The enhanced relaxant effect was thought to be due to an increase in the release of nitric oxide from the endothelium and nitrergic nerve endings (Adaikan et al 2000).

Antispasmodic: A liopihilized saponin extract of dried and powdered Tribulus terrestris caused a significant decrease in peristaltic movements of isolated sheep ureter and rabbit jejunum preparations in a dose-dependent manner. The same extract had no effect on isolated rabbit aorta and its contractile response to KCl or noradrenaline (Arcasoy et al. 1998).

Diabetes: The saponin fraction from Tribulus terrestris was demonstrated to exhibit a hypoglycemic effect in alloxan-diabetic rats, with a commensurate reduction in serum triglycerides and cholesterol, and a rise in serum super oxide dismutase (Li et al 2002).

Cardioactive: The methanol extract of the aerial parts of Tribulus cistoides was found to contain nine steroid saponins, among them the cardioactive cistocardin (Achenbach et al. 1994). The results of a clinical trial in 406 cases of coronary heart disease treated with the saponin fraction of Tribulus terrestris resulted in the remission of 82.3% of the cases. The saponin fraction of Tribulus terrestris dilates the coronary artery and improves coronary circulation. No adverse affects were noted (Wang et al. 1990).

Hepatoprotective: Tribulusamides A and B isolated from the fruits of Tribulus terrestris prevented cell death in cultured mouse hepatocytes induced by D-galactosamine (D-GalN)/tumor necrosis factor ? (Li et al 1998).

Urinary: An aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris, in oral dose of 5g/kg, elicited a positive diuresis in male rats, and evoked a contractile activity on Guinea pig ileum (Al-Ali et al 2003). An ethanolic extract of the fruits of Tribulus terrestris showed significant dose dependent protection against uroliths induced by glass bead implantation in albino rats. The extract provided significant protection against deposition of calculogenic material around the glass bead, and also protected leucocytosis and elevation in serum urea levels (Anand et al 1994).

Antifungal: Steroidal saponin constituents obtained from Tribulus terrestris demonstrated noted antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans (Bedir et al 2002).

Antitumor: Steroidal saponin constituents obtained from Tribulus terrestris demonstrated significant cytotoxic effects upon human cancer cell lines (Bedir et al 2002).

Nutritional: Tribulus terristris was found to be a rich source of calcium (Duhan et al. 1992).

Toxicity: The herbaceous portions of Gokshura is the cause of geeldikkop in sheep and other small livestock, a condition characterized by edema of the head, fever, and jaundice (Kirtikar and Basu 1935, 423). Photosensitization and cholangiohepatopathy have been noted in sheep grazing on Tribulus terrestris (Tapia et al. 1994). Two ?-carboline indoleamines (harmane and norharmane) isolated from the plant material of Tribulus terrestris have been implicated in causing central nervous system effects in sheep that have grazed on Tribulus over a period of months. Researchers proposed that harmane and norharmane accumulate in tryptamine-associated neurones of the central nervous system and gradually interact irreversibly with a specific neuronal gene DNA sequence (Bourke et al 1992).

Indications: Hemorrhoids, intestinal parasites, cough, dyspnea, asthma, consumption, hives, dysuria, hematuria, urinary lithiasis, cystitis, nephritis, urinary tenesmus, spermatorrhea, impotence, frigidity, infertility, venereal diseases, cardiovascular disease, gout, rheumatism, lumbago, sciatica, menorrhagia, postpartum hemorrhage, anemia, diabetes, opthalmia, headache, insufficient lactation.

Contraindications: Dehydration (Frawley and Lad 1986, 169); pregnancy (Bensky and Gamble 1993, 425).

Medicinal uses: Gokshura is an outstanding remedy in urogenital disease, promoting urine flow, soothing the mucosa, and aiding in the excretion of stones and calculi (Frawley and Lad 1986, 170). Unlike diuretics such as Bearberry (Artostaphylos uva ursi leaf), Gokshura pacifies Vata and will not promote secondary effects such as dry skin. Nadkarni mentions that both the plant and seeds are used in decoction or infusion in the treatment of spermatorrhea, impotence, infertility phosphaturia, dysuria, gonorrhea, gleet, chronic cystitis, renal calculi, incontinence, gout, and post-partum hemorrhage (1954, 1230). In most cases of cystitis a simple decoction of the fruit or the tincture will suffice, although in severe cystitis botanicals such as Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis root) or Corn Silk (Zea mays) can be used in combination for additional demulcent properties. In severe tenesmus and pain it may be used along with Kava (Piper methysticum root) or Henbane (Hyocyamus niger herb). For urinary lithiasis Gokshura may be combined with Buchu (Barosma betulina herb) and Gravel root (Eupatorium purpurea). For urinary incontinence and bedwetting a combination of Gokshura and Mullein (Verbascum thapsus root) may be helpful to strengthen the trigone muscle of the bladder. Gokshura is highly esteemed as a vajikarana rasayana. In the treatment spermatorrhea and impotence equal parts powders of Gokshura, Tila (Sesamum indicum), Kapikachu and Ashvagandha may be taken with honey, ghee and goat’s milk, 12 g b.i.d. on an empty stomach at dawn and at dusk. For frigidity and infertility Gokshura may be taken in equal parts Shatavari (Asparagus racemosa root) and Damiana (Turnera diffusa root), 5-10 g t.i.d. Frawley and Lad consider Gokshura to be a rasayana for Pitta, and state that it is effective in Vatakopa conditions (1986, 170), the harmine alkaloids most likely contribute to Gokshura’s sedative properties. It may be taken with Ashvagandha as a tonic nervine in Vattic disorders such as nervousness and anxiety. For lumbar pain Gokshura may be combined with Ginger (Zingiber officinalis), Pippali (Piper methysticum root) or Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa). Warrier et al mention that the ash of the whole plant is good for external application in rheumatoid arthrtis (1996, 311). Topically, the oil of the seed is used in the treatment of alopecia (Frawley and Lad 1986, 170). In Chinese medicine Gokshura is used in the treatment of headache, vertigo and dizziness due to ascendant Liver yang and Wind-heat (Bensky and Gamble 1993, 425). As a vajikarana, the Bhavaprakasha recommends Gokshuradi modaka, comprised of equal parts powders of Gokshura, Ikshura bija (Astercantha longifolia seed), Ashvagandha, Shatavari, Musali (Asparagus adescendens), Kapikachu, Madhuka (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Nagabala (Grewia hirsute) and Bala. These powders are mixed togther and fried in an equal volume of ghee, eight parts milk and two parts sugar until most of the liquid is evaporated, after which the extract is then rolled in pills, taken in dosages according the strength and needs of the individual (Srikanthamurthy 2000, 829). In the treatment of diabetes and urinary tract disorders the Sharandadhara samhita recommends Gokshuradi gugglu, prepared by boiling four parts of Gokshura in six times the amount of water until the original volume of water is reduced by half. The decoction is then strained from the herb, and one part Guggulu resin is added and mixed in with the decoction, to which is added one part each the powders of Triphala, Trikatu and Musta. The Sharangadhara also states that Gokshuradi guggulu is useful in menorrhagia, gout, diseases of the nervous system, and infertility (Srikanthamurthy 1984, 109).

Dosage:

• Churna: 3-6 g b.i.d.-t.i.d. • Kvatha: 30-90 mL b.i.d.-t.i.d. • Tincture: dried fruit, 1:3, 50%; 3-5 mL b.i.d.-t.i.d.

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Our planet is so interesting and diverse. We are astonished at its wealth and variety of forms and species. We are fascinated by its unique beauty and mystery. We praise our Nature for the valuable gifts – healing plants that help solve health problems.

Tribulus Terrestris is a weedy plant, which can be found in the moderate and tropical climate regions of Europe, America, Africa, Australia, and the southern Asia. The Latin word “tribulus” is translated as “caltrop” (a peaked weapon). Tribulus Terrestris has a number of other names: Puncture Vine, Caltrop, Yellow Vine, Goathead. The plant is regarded to be invasive species. The weed may be found on the sides of the roads, pastures, wild and uninhabited places.

Tribulus Terrestris multiple stems spring out from one crown. They usually trail on the ground forming flat patches, but they may also rise upwards in shade or among taller trees. Tribulus Terrestris has pinnate leaves made of two rows of little leaflets (less than a quarter-inch long), which are arranged opposite each other along a stem.

Puncture vine blooms with yellow flowers that are 4-10 mm in diameter and have 5 petals. The fruit appears a week after blooming. It is easily broken into four or five small nuts with a seed inside. The seeds are firm and stiff and have two sharp spines 10 mm long. The seeds look like goat’s or bull’s heads and are very dangerous.

The sharp spines may puncture not only the bare foot, but even a bicycle tyre. Tribulus Terrestris was used as a murderous weapon by indigenous tribes of southern Africa. They tainted the seeds with poison and then put them for the victim to step and press down with the foot.

Tribulus Terrestris was considered in Indian ayurveda practice as a health tonic and aphrodisiac. It was believed to boost immune system and improve sexual function. In European folk medicine it has been used to treat headache, constipation, sexual problems, and nervous disorders. Chinese and Indian people praised the plant for its effectiveness in the treatment of liver, kidney, and cardiovascular conditions. In Turkey, the plant was commonly used to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Puncture Vine consists of different phytochemicals. They include saponins (protodioscin, furostanol), glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids, resins, tannins, sugars, sterols, and essential oils. Recently, the scientists have isolated two new saponins from Tribulus Terrestris: Terrestrinins A and B. All these compounds are responsible for the most plant’s actions.

In fact, we have not much scientific evidence that proves the wide folk use of Puncture Vine. Nevertheless, Tribulus terrestris demonstrates anti-microbial and anti-tumor properties. The plant’s active substances are able to lower cholesterol as well as act as antioxidants. The plant also shows positive results in hypertension and diabetes treatment. Nowadays Tribulus Terrestris becomes more and more popular among bodybuilders and athletes for its abilities to increase testosterone level.


tribulus_terrestris.txt · Last modified: 2018/02/26 18:13 (external edit)